Firearms / Sub machine guns / PPS-43

PPS-43

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Sub machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Type 43 (original PPS-43 in Chinese service)
    Type 54 (Chinese production)

  • DESIGNED
    1942

  • DESIGNER
    Alexei Sudayev

  • PRODUCTION
    1942 - 1968 (Soviet production)
    1952 - 1955 (Polish production)
    1954 - ? (Chinese production)

  • PRODUCERS
    China - State arsenals
    Poland - Lucznik arms factory
    USSR - Sestoryesk arsenal

  • QUANTITY
    PPS-42: over 45.000
    PPS-43: over 1 million
    PPS wz. 1943/1952: 111.000

  • UNIT COST
    Very limited production costs

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Very low production costs
    Easy to use and maintain
    Low production quality
    Limited accuracy

Introduction

The PPS-43 is a World War 2 era sub machine gun of Soviet origin. It was developed during the siege of Leningrad. During this time a cheaper and easier to produce weapon than the succesful PPSh-41 was required. The name PPS stands for Pistolet Pulemyot Sudayeva or Sudayev sub machine gun.

Design

The PPS-43 is a blowback operated weapon that fires from the open bolt position. The simple stamped receiver houses the bolt with its integrated cocking handle. Even without a wooden stock the PPS-43 requires less steel and parts than the PPSh-41. The curved magazine are not interchangeable with those of the PPSh-41.

Firepower

The PPS-43 fires the 7.62x25mm Tokarev round from a 35 round magazine. This round provides good penetration and reasonable stopping power. The PPS-43 fires fully automatic only at a rate of fire of 600 to 900 rpm. In theory the maximum range is 200 meters. In practice the maximum range is about 100 meters.

Users

The PPS-43 was widely used by Soviet forces during World War 2. After the war it remained in limited lower tier use. Many were exported to Soviet allies in Africa and Asia. After World War 2 the PPS-43 was also produced under license, most notably in China as the Type 54. Nowadays the PPS-43 is long obsolete and is only encountered on a limited scale in third world conflicts.

Variants

No variants

Use

 
Albania
Algeria
Cambodia
China
Equatorial Guinea
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau

Iraq
North Korea
Poland
Sao Tome & Principe
Sierra Leone
USSR (former)
Yemen

PPSh-41

The PPS-43 was developed as a cheaper and simpler to produce alternative to the successful PPSh-41.

AK-47

In Soviet service the PPS-43 was replaced by the AK-47 assault rifle.