Firearms / Assault rifles / AUG

AUG

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Assault rifle

  • ORIGIN
    Austria

  • NICKNAMES
    Sturmgewehr 77 / StG 77 (Austrian designation)
    Austeyr (nickname for Australian production models)
    F88 (Australian designation for AUG)

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1970's

  • DESIGNER
    Steyr

  • PRODUCTION
    1978 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Australia - ADI
    Austria - Steyr
    Malaysia - SME

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Compact
    Rugged and reliable
    Changeable barrel configuration

Introduction

The AUG is an assault rifle of Austrian origin. It is the most widely used assault rifle in bullpup configuration in the world. The abbreviation AUG stands for Armee Universel Gewehr, German for universal army rifle. The AUG was developed in the early 1970's to replace the FAL in Austrian services, but later was exported to many nations.

Design

At the time of the development the AUG featured state of the art design choices. The most distinguishing feature is the bullpup configuration. The trigger is placed in front of the magazine and the receiver doubles as the stock, resulting in a very short weapon. The furniture is made of a tough polyamide. The AUG is gas operated and uses a short stroke gas piston and rotating bolt.

Firepower

The AUG is known as an accurate and reliable weapon. It fires the 5.56x45mm round from 30 round translucent magazines. The 42 round magazines of the light support variant can also be used. Due to the rifling both the older M193 and newer SS109 rounds can be fired. The two stage trigger allows for semi-automatic fire with a light pull and automatic fire with a full pull. The effective range depends on the barrel lenght and is given as 400 meter with the standard barrel.

Users

The AUG was first adopted by the Austrian military. It has also been adopted by various nations around the world as the standard issue assault rifle. Additionally many special forces and law enforcement units have adopted the AUG.

Variants

No variants

Use

 
Algeria
Argentina
Australia
Austria
Belgium
Bolivia
Bulgaria

Cameroon
Chile
Djibouti
Ecuador
El Salvador
Estonia
Falklands

Gambia
Germany
Indonesia
Ireland
Italy
Kazakhstan
Latvia

Lithuania
Luxembourg
Malaysia
Morocco
Netherlands
New Zealand
Nigeria

Oman
Pakistan
Papua New Guinea
Philippines
Poland
Saudi Arabia
Serbia

Taiwan
Thailand
Tunisia
United States
Uruguay
Venezuela

5.56x45mm M193 & NATO

The rifle versions of the AUG can fire both the 5.56x45mm M193 and NATO rounds.

M203PI

The AUG can be fitted with the M203PI grenade launcher.