Firearms / Machine guns / RPD

RPD

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Type 56 (Chinese production)
    Type 62 (North Korean production)
    Suez (Egyptian production)
    7.62 KK 54 RPD (Finland)

  • DESIGNED
    1943 - 1944

  • DESIGNER
    Vasily Degtyaryov

  • PRODUCTION
    1953 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Algeria
    China - Norinco
    Egypt - Maadi
    North Korea
    Poland
    USSR

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Low cost design
    Limited weight for gun and ammunition
    Rugged and reliable
    Limited range
    No quick change barrel

Introduction

The RPD is a machine gun of Soviet origin. It was developed during the later stages of World War 2 as a more portable alternative to the DP. The name RPD stands for Ruchnoy Pulemet Degtyarova, which is Russian for Degtyarev light machine gun. The RPD became the standard issue machine gun for infantry use in the USSR and is one of the most produced machine guns in the world.

Design

The RPD is a gas operated belt fed machine gun that uses a long stroke gas piston. It feeds from a 100 round non-disintegrating belt and feeds from left to right. The forearm and buttstock are made out of wood, the rest of the weapon out of metal. The RPD features a thick barrel that cannot be quickly changed in the field. The bipod is positioned near the muzzle.

Firepower

The RPD is a belt fed machine gun that fires the 7.62x39mm Soviet round, which is also used in the Kalashnikov rifle. The 100 round belt is contained in a round box that is clipped under the weapon. The RPD is only capable of automatic fire and the cyclic rate of fire is 650 rpm. The effective range is about 300 meters against point targets and 600 meters against area targets, although targets out to 800 meters can be engaged.

Users

The RPD first and foremost user of the RPD was the USSR. The RPD was a standard issue weapon until it was replaced by the RPK and PK. The RPD was widely exported and produced under license in various nations. Even though it is often supplemented by newer designs the RPD remains in active use in the Middle East, Africa, Asia and South America.

Variants

No variants

Use

 
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria
Angola
Azerbaijan
Bangladesh
Belarus

Benin
Bolivia
Bulgaria
Cambodia
Cape Verde
Central African Republic
Chad

China
Comoros
Congo, Republic
Djibouti
Egypt
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea

Ethiopia
Finland
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Hungary
Iraq
Laos

Libya
Malta
Moldova
Morocco
Mozambique
Nicaragua
Nigeria

North Korea
Pakistan
Peru
Poland
Romania
Seychelles
Sierra Leone

Somalia
Sri Lanka
Sudan
Syria
Tanzania
Thailand
Togo

Uganda
Vietnam
Yemen
Zimbabwe

7.62x39mm Soviet

The RPD fires the 7.62x39mm round.