SA-3 Goa (NATO reporting name for S-125)
SA-N-1 Goa (NATO reporting name for Volna)
M-1 Volna (naval version of S-125)
Neva (Soviet service nickname)
Pechora (export model nickname)
ItO 79 (Finnish service)
1956 - 1961
Almaz Central Design Bureau
1963 - present
Russia - Almaz Antei
USSR - Almaz Antei
Well over 300 batteries
- UNIT COST
Can engage low flying targets
Effective against maneuverable targets
Reasonable simple system
Can only track and engage a single target at a time
Cannot be used against missiles
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S-125 Neva: Original S-125 system with V-600 missiles. NATO reporting name SA-3A. Prototypes operational since 1961.
S-125M Neva-M: Improved S-125 system with newer V-601 missiles and reduced clutter SNR-125 radar. NATO reporting name SA-3B. Operational since 1964.
S-125M1 Neva-M1: S-125M improved with experience from the Middle East conflicts. Adds improved ECM resistance and TV tracking. Operational since 1978.
S-125 Pechora-M: Russian upgrage package for static S-125 units with improved radar, digital components, optical guidance, IFF and longer range missiles.
S-125 Pechora-2: Russian upgrade package with improved mobility and interception that is marketed since 1999. New two round launchers are mounted on a 6x6 KaMAZ truck. The much improved SNR-125 radar can track 16 targets and is mounted on a truck. The Pechora-2 has the ability to intercept cruise missiles and UAVs.
S-125-2T Pechora-2T: Belarussian upgrade package with solid state electronics, IFF system, new guidance system and ability to engage two targets at a time. The Pechora-2TM is a mobile version that has the launchers mounted on large 6x6 trucks for increased mobility.
V-601, 5V27: Improved missile with 25 km range, 10 km altitude and 70 kg warhead. NATO reporting name SA-3b. Contains various subversions such as the V-601P, V-601PK, V-601G, etc. At least one version has reduced minimum range of 2.8 km versus original 4 km.
V-601D, 5V27D: Missile used with S-125M1 system. Has a heavier booster with reduced launch speed and higher terminal speed.
5P71: Semi-mobile twin round launcher with blast deflector. Rests on X-shaped pedestal which can be folded and fitted with wheels, allowing the launched to be towed by a 6x6 truck. It weighs 9.7 t in position and 12.7 t on the move.
5P73: Fixed position four round launcher with engine assembly mounted behind the missiles, whereas the engine assembly is mounted in front of the missiles on the 5P71. It weighs 11 t in position without missiles.
PR-14A: Original transporter based on the Zil-157 6x6 truck.
PR-14AM: Improved transported based on the Zil-131 6x6 truck.
M-1M Volna-M: Improved Volna system with V-601 missiles and ZIF-102 launcher. Production index is 4K91 and NATO reporting name SA-N-1b Goa.
M-1P Volna-P: Improved Volna-M with optronic director, Yatagan-P control system and ZIF-101 launcher.
M-1N Volna-N: Improved Volna-P with increased capabilities against sea skimming targets.
ZIF-101: Two round launcher with 16 round magazine.
ZIF-102: Two round launcher with 32 round magazine.
East Germany (former)