Firearms / Pistols / CZ 82

CZ 82

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Pistol

  • ORIGIN
    Czechoslovakia

  • NICKNAMES
    Vz. 82 (Czechoslovak service)

  • DESIGNED
    1980 - 1981

  • DESIGNER
    Augustin Necas (CZ)

  • PRODUCTION
    1982 - 1992 (CZ 82)
    1980's - present (CZ 83)

  • PRODUCERS
    Czech Republic
    Czechoslovakia

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    $ 450 for CZ 83 in 2011

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Larger magazine capacity than Makarov PM
    More ergonomic than Makarov PM
    Rugged and reliable
    Rather heavy for a small pistol
    More expensive than Makarov PM

Introduction

The CZ 82 is a compact pistol of Czechoslovak origin. It was developed in the early 1980's for the new 9x18mm Makarov round that was standardized among Warsaw Pact nations. Instead of adopting the Makarov PM Czechoslovakia decided on developing their own pistol, which is considered a better weapon overall. The CZ 83 was developed for civilian and export sales and differs only in minor details.

Design

The CZ 82 is a simple blowback double action pistol with a fixed barrel. As such it is simpler, smaller and cheaper than the CZ 75 pistol. Several design features have been inspired by the German Walther PP. Unlike the Makarov PM it features a double stack magazine, has ambidextrous controls and plastic grip plates. The CZ 83 is very similar but has a differently shaped trigger guard and is available in three calibers. To lower production costs only the latter model was retained.

Firepower

The CZ 82 is a semi-automatic weapon that is chambered for the 9x18mm Makarov round. The double stack magazine holds 12 rounds, 50% more than the Makarov PM. The CZ 83 is also available in .380 ACP and 7.65x17mm. In the latter caliber it has a magazine capacity of 15 rounds. Accuracy and reliability are reported to be good. The maximum effective range is about 25 meters.

Users

The CZ 82 was the standard sidearm of Czechoslovakia, replacing the older Tokarev pistol. As such it is in use with the Czech Republic and Slovakia. It has been exported to several nations and is also in law enforcement use. The Cz 82 and 83 are not as common as the CZ 75 and other CZ pistols.

Variants

CZ 82

CZ 82: Original model with round trigger guard. Only available in 9x18mm.
CZ 83: Slightly modified CZ 82 with square trigger guard. Also available in .380 ACP and 7.65x17mm.

TypePistol
Caliber9x18mm Makarov
Magazine12 rounds
OperationBlowback, double action
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length96 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity305 m/s
Stock-
Length172 mm
Width36 mm
Height127 mm
Weight0.70 kg empty, 0.92 kg loaded
SightsIron sights, blade front and square notch rear, 130 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber7.65x17mm Browing
Magazine15 rounds
OperationBlowback, double action
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length96 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity320 m/s
Stock-
Length173 mm
Width36 mm
Height127 mm
Weight0.65 kg empty
SightsIron sights, blade front and square notch rear, 130 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.380 ACP
Magazine12 rounds
OperationBlowback, double action
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length96 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity340 m/s
Stock-
Length173 mm
Width36 mm
Height127 mm
Weight0.65 kg empty
SightsIron sights, blade front and square notch rear, 130 mm sight radius
Remarks-

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