Firearms / Pistols / Desert Eagle

Desert Eagle

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Pistol

  • ORIGIN
    Israel

  • NICKNAMES
    -

  • DESIGNED
    1979 - 1982

  • DESIGNER
    Magnum Research

  • PRODUCTION
    1982 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Israel Weapon Industries (2005 - present)
    United States - Saco Defense (1996 - 2000)

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Very powerful for a pistol
    Larger magazine size than revolver
    Easy to change between calibers
    Rugged and reliable
    Very large and heavy
    Strong recoil despite weight
    Expensive to produce
    Pistol grip too large for most users

Introduction

The Desert Eagle is a pistol of Israeli origin. It was developed in the early 1980's in the United States for civilian use. It is one of the very few pistols firing powerful magnum ammunition. Due to its size and power it has achieved a cult status and has been featured in many movies.

Design

The Desert Eagle is a huge single action pistol. In order to fire powerful magnum ammunition the Desert Eagle uses a gas operated mechanism usually found in rifles. It has a fixed exposed barrel with gas tube below it which pushes back the slide that consist only of the bolt carrier and two rails. This makes it easy to change the caliber since only a new barrel and magazine are required.

Firepower

The Desert Eagle is usually chambered for .357 Magnum with a 9 round magazine or .44 Magnum with 8 round magazine. The largest caliber available is the .50 Action Express with 7 round magazine. Uncommon calibers are .41 Action Express and .440 Cor-Bon. When fitted with a longer 10 inch barrel and optics the Desert Eagle can be used at ranges well beyond that of standard pistols.

Users

The Desert Eagle was developed for civilian use, mainly in the United States. Law enforcement and military use is virtually non-existent.

Variants

Desert Eagle Mark VII

The Desert Eagle Mark I and Mark VII are were the first Desert Eagle models to be produced. The Mk VII is a Mk I with adjustable trigger and later evolved into the Mark XIX.

Desert Eagle Mark I: Original production model available in .357 Magnum and .44 Magnum.
Desert Eagle Mark VII: Improved production model available in .357 Magnum, .41 Action Express and .44 Magnum. The Mk VII in .50 Action Express was a further improved model with Weaver sight rail that would serve as the basis of the Mk XIX.

TypePistol
Caliber.357 Magnum
Magazine9 round box
OperationGas operated, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length152 mm
Riflingpolygonal right hand 355 mm twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length269 mm
Width32 mm
Height142 mm
Weight1.766 kg
SightsIron sights, post front and notch rear, 215 mm sight radius, optional optical sights
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.44 Magnum
Magazine8 round box
OperationGas operated, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length152 mm
Riflingpolygonal right hand 457 mm twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length269 mm
Width32 mm
Height145 mm
Weight1.897 kg
SightsIron sights, post front and notch rear, 215 mm sight radius, optional optical sights
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.50 Action Express
Magazine7 round box
OperationGas operated, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length152 mm
Riflingpolygonal right hand 483 mm twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length267 mm
Width32 mm
Height149 mm
Weight2.05 kg
SightsIron sights, post front and notch rear, 215 mm sight radius, optional optical sights
Remarks-

Desert Eagle Mark XIX

Desert Eagle Mark XIX started out as a Mark VII in .50 Action Express with Weaver rail mount on top of the barrel. This version was later renamed Mark XIX and became available in more calibers and finishes, including gold paint.

Desert Eagle Mk XIX: Current production model available in .357 Magnum, .44 Magnum, .440 Cor-Bon and .50 Action Express.

TypePistol
Caliber.357 Magnum
Magazine9 round box
OperationGas operated, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length152 mm
Riflingpolygonal right hand 355 mm twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length273 mm
Width32 mm
Height159 mm
Weight1.998 kg
SightsIron sights, post front and notch rear, 215 mm sight radius, optional optical sights
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.44 Magnum
Magazine8 round box
OperationGas operated, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length152 mm
Riflingpolygonal right hand 457 mm twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length273 mm
Width32 mm
Height159 mm
Weight1.998 kg
SightsIron sights, post front and notch rear, 215 mm sight radius, optional optical sights
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.50 Action Express
Magazine7 round box
OperationGas operated, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length152 mm
Riflingpolygonal right hand 483 mm twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length273 mm
Width32 mm
Height159 mm
Weight1.998 kg
SightsIron sights, post front and notch rear, 215 mm sight radius, optional optical sights
Remarks-

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