Firearms / Pistols / GSh-18

GSh-18

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Pistol

  • ORIGIN
    Russia

  • NICKNAMES
    P-96 (prototype version)

  • DESIGNED
    1995 - 2000

  • DESIGNER
    Gryazev and Shipunov (KBP Tula)

  • PRODUCTION
    2000 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Russia - KBP Tula

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Rugged and reliable
    Large magazine capacity
    Armor piercing ammunition
    Very low weight
    Limited quality sights

Introduction

The GSh-18 is a modern pistol of Russian origin. It was designed in the 1990's as a replacement of the Makarov PM standard issue pistol in use with Russian military and law enforcement. The pistol is named after the intials of its designers and the magazine capacity. During military trails the Pya design was selected and it remains to be seen if the GSh-18 will receive significant orders.

Design

The GSh-18 is recoil operated pistol with a locked breech. Locking is achieved by a rotating barrel with the unique amount of 10 locking lugs that require only a very limited rotation. The GSh-18 is striker fired and features a trigger safety. The frame is made of polymer and the barrel, slide and internal mechanism out of steel. A staggered row 18 round magazine is used.

Firepower

The GSh-18 fires the 7N31 armor piercing high pressure version of the 9x19mm NATO round from an 18 round magazine. Standard 9x19mm ammunition can also be used. The GSh-18 is a self-loading weapon and is only capable of semi-automatic fire. The 7N31 round has a much better armor piercing capability than standard 9x19mm ammunition and will pierce level III body armor at 20 meters. Military trails have shown that the GSh-18 is very reliable.

Users

The GSh-18 lost out to the PYa to become the next standard issue sidearm for the Russian forces. Therefore it remains to be seen if this good design has any future. The GSh-18 is reportedly in very limited use with various Russian law enforcement or military units.

Variants

GSh-18

The GSh-18 is a modern Russian pistol that fires the powerful 7N31 armor piercing round. It may also use 7N21 and standard 9x19mm rounds. The GSh-18 only comes in a full size version and there are no variants. Trails models featured a ribbed pistol grip while the production version has a ragged pattern.

TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm 7N31 (also 7N21 or Parabellum)
Magazine18 rounds
OperationRecoil operated, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length103 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity535 - 570 m/s
Stock-
Length183 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight0.58 kg with empty magazine
SightsIron sights
Remarks-

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