Firearms / Pistols / Makarov PM

Makarov PM

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Pistol

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    6P9 (GRAU index for PB)
    PB-69 (popular but wrong designation for PB)
    Type 59 (Chinese designation for PM)

  • DESIGNED
    Late 1940's

  • DESIGNER
    Nikolay Fyodorovich Makarov

  • PRODUCTION
    1949 - present (PM)
    1967 - ? (PB)

  • PRODUCERS
    Bulgaria - Arsenal
    China - NORINCO
    East Germany - Simson
    Russia - Izhmash
    USSR - Izhmash

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Simple design
    Rugged and reliable
    Low production costs
    Limited magazine size
    Limited firepower

Introduction

The Makarov is an early Cold War era pistol of Soviet origin. It was developed in the late 1940's to replace the older Tokarev pistol and is one of the most numerous pistols in the world.

Design

The design of the Makarov was influenced by the German Walther PP pistol. The Makarov is a very simple pistol due to the use of the simple straight blowback mechanism. It is made out of steel and has plastic grip plates. The 9x18mm round, based on the 9mm Ultra, was specifically designed for this pistol.

Firepower

The Makarov PM fires the 9x18mm round from an 8 round magazine. The improved Makarov PMM fires both the original and the increased pressure variant of the 9x18mm round from a 12 round magazine. As with most pistols the effective range is about 25 meters.

Users

The Makarov was adopted in 1951 as the standard issue pistol of the Soviet Union. Since the 1990’s it has been officially replaced by newer designs, but large quantities remain in service. The Makarov was exported to many allies of the Soviet Union and is a popular civilian firearm in the USA.

Variants

Makarov PM

The PM is the original model of the Makarov pistol. PM stands for Pistolet Makarova, Russian for Makarov pistol. It fires the original 9x18mm round from an 8 round magazine. The vast majority of Makarov pistols are the PM model. The PM is still produced for civilian and export sales with some minor modifications.

  • Specifications:
  • PM
TypePistol
Caliber9x18mm Makarov
Magazine8 rounds
OperationSimple blowback, double action
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length94 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity315 m/s
Stock-
Length161 mm
Width29 mm
Height127 mm
Weight0.73 kg empty
SightsIron sights, fixed, blade front, notch rear
Remarks-

Makarov PB

The PB is a silenced variant of the Makarov PB. It was designed for use by special forces. PB stands for Pistolet Besshumnyi, Russian for silenced pistol. On the PB the majority of the barrel is replaced by a integral silencer. The front part of the silencer can be unscrewed for transport. The PB fires the original 9x18mm round from an 8 round magazine. The PB is the least produced variant of the Makarov.

  • Specifications:
  • PB
TypePistol
Caliber9x18mm Makarov
Magazine8 rounds
OperationSimple blowback, double action
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length105 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length310 mm
Width?
Height
Weight0.97 kg empty
SightsIron sights, fixed, blade front, notch rear
RemarksIntegrated silencer

Makarov PMM

The PMM is the improved Makarov pistol. PMM stands for Pistolet Makarova Modernizirovannyi, Russian for modernized Makarov pistol. The PMM fires the increased velocity version of the 9x18mm round, but can fire the original round as well. A variety of improvements were made with the double stack 12 round magazine and redesigned grip plates being the most obvious. Due to the competition of newer Russian pistols the PMM was only produced in limited quantity.

  • Specifications:
  • PMM
TypePistol
Caliber9x18mm PMM
Magazine12 rounds
OperationSimple blowback, double action
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length94 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length165 mm
Width31 mm
Height?
Weight0.76 kg empty
SightsIron sights, fixed, blade front, notch rear
Remarks-

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