Firearms / Pistols / SIG P220

SIG P220

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Pistol

  • ORIGIN
    Switzerland

  • NICKNAMES
    Pistole 75 (Swiss military designation for P220)
    M11 (US military designation for P228)
    Minebea P9 (Japanese production)

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1970's

  • DESIGNER
    SIG Sauer

  • PRODUCTION
    1975 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Germany - SIG Arms
    Japan - Minebea United States - SIG Sauer

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    $ 1.050 for P220 in 2010

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    High production quality
    Good accuracy
    Expensive
    Heavy due to steel frame

Introduction

The P220 is a late Cold War era pistol of Swiss origin. It was designed by SIG in the early 1970's for the Swiss military as a less expensive, yet very high quality alternative to their earlier P210 pistol. The design proved to be a success and over time new models were added to the lineup and older models have been steadily improved. Despite being over 30 years old the P220 series remains among the top of the line pistols.

Design

The P220 is a short recoil operated, locked breech pistol. It features a full metal frame, slide and barrel. This makes the P220 rather heavy, but also very rugged. The P220 models are available with a variety of trigger setups, ranging from single action to double action only. From the P220 model a wide variety of models were derived. These models mainly differ in size, caliber and magazine capacity. Due to the all metal design and high quality production the P220 series is known as a high quality pistol. Despite being cheaper than the P210, the P220 is still more expensive than the average pistol. For civilian and sporting use a wide variety of P220 variants is available and may include features such as longer barrels, other calibers, compensators, adjustable sights and different finishes.

Firepower

Depending on model the P220 series is available in several calibers and varying magazine size. All SIG pistols are semi-automatic and known for their good accuracy. For military and law enforcement use 9x19mm NATO, .357 SIG, .40 S&W and .45 Auto are available. In Europe the 9x19mm models are most prominent, while most US law enforcement agencies have switched to the .40 S&W.

Users

The P220 series is a widely used weapon and very common for civilian, law enforcement and military use. They are most common in Europe and the USA and can also be found in Asia, the Middle East and South America.

Variants

P220

The P220 is the first pistol of what would become the P220 lineup. The P220 is available in 9x19mm and .45 and features a single stack magazine. Nowadays only the .45 version is produced since the 9mm version has been replaced by the double stack P226. The original versions had a bottom magazine release. For the US market the P220-1 was produced that featured a standard left side frame release. The latest version is the P220R which has a Picatinny rail under the barrel. The P220 Carry has a shorter barrel and slide but retains a full size frame. The P220 Compact also has a smaller frame.

TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine9 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length112 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length196 mm
Width36 mm
Height140 mm
Weight0.75 kg empty
SightsIron sights, 160 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.45 ACP
Magazine8 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length112 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 406 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length196 mm
Width36 mm
Height140 mm
Weight0.86 kg incl empty magazine
SightsIron sights, 160 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.45 ACP
Magazine8 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length99 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 406 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length180 mm
Width36 mm
Height140 mm
Weight0.86 kg incl empty magazine
SightsIron sights, 145 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.45 ACP
Magazine6, 8 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length99 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 406 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length180 mm
Width36 mm
Height127 mm
Weight0.84 kg incl empty magazine
SightsIron sights, 145 mm sight radius
Remarks-

P225

The P225 is a compact version of the P220 and is only produced in 9x19mm. It was developed for German police use and adopted by several German states and other police forces. The P225 is more suitable for police use due to its reduced size and weight. Early versions had a bottom magazine release, later versions a conventional one.

  • Specifications:
  • P225
TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine8 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length98 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length180 mm
Width?
Height131 mm
Weight0.740 kg empty
SightsIron sights, 145 mm sight radius
Remarks-

P226

The P226 is a high capacity model of the P220 that was developed for the US trails that ended up in the selection of the Beretta 92F as the new service pistol. Besides being a high capacity model it is completely similar to the P220-1. At first it was only available in 9x19mm, but over time .40 S&W and .357 SIG versions were added. The latest version is the P226R which has a Picatinny rail under the barrel. Threaded barrels are available for mounting a silencer.

TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine15, 20 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length112 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length196 mm
Width38 mm
Height140 mm
Weight0.885 kg empty
SightsIron sights, 160 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.40 S&W
Magazine12 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length112 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 380 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length196 mm
Width38 mm
Height140 mm
Weight0.96 kg incl empty magazine
SightsIron sights, 160 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.357 SIG
Magazine12 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length112 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 406 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length196 mm
Width38 mm
Height140 mm
Weight0.96 kg incl empty magazine
SightsIron sights, 160 mm sight radius
Remarks-

P229

The P228 is a compact version of the P226 and can be viewed as a high capacity P225. The P228 has a shorter barrel and slide and is not as tall as the P226. As with the early P226 it is only available in 9x19mm. The P229 is an improved version of the P228 with a heavier slide. It was developed for the US market and is available in 9x19mm, .40 S&W and .357 SIG. They replaced the P228 on the production line. The latest versions are designated P229R and feature a Picatinny rail under the barrel. Threaded barrels are available for mounting a silencer.

TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine13 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length98 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length180 mm
Width?
Height136 mm
Weight0.830 kg empty
SightsIron sights, 145 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine13 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length98 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length180 mm
Width37 mm
Height136 mm
Weight0.865 kg incl empty magazine
SightsIron sights, 145 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.40 S&W
Magazine12 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length98 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 380 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length180 mm
Width37 mm
Height136 mm
Weight0.905 kg incl empty magazine
SightsIron sights, 145 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.357 SIG
Magazine12 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length98 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 406 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length180 mm
Width37 mm
Height136 mm
Weight0.905 kg incl empty magazine
SightsIron sights, 145 mm sight radius
Remarks-

P239

The P239 is a development for the US market. The P239 is a single stack version of the P229. This makes the P239 more suitable for concealed carry and for civilian use which restricts civilian use of high capacity magazines.

TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine8 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length92 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length172 mm
Width32 mm
Height130 mm
Weight0.790 kg incl empty magazine
SightsIron sights, 136 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.40 S&W
Magazine7 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length92 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 380 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length172 mm
Width32 mm
Height130 mm
Weight0.830 kg incl empty magazine
SightsIron sights, 136 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.357 SIG
Magazine7 rounds
OperationShort recoil, locked breech
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length92 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 406 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length172 mm
Width32 mm
Height130 mm
Weight0.830 kg incl empty magazine
SightsIron sights, 136 mm sight radius
Remarks-

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