Firearms / Pistols / H&K USP

H&K USP

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Pistol

  • ORIGIN
    Germany

  • NICKNAMES
    P8 (USP in German military service)
    P10 (USP Compact in German police service)
    P12 (USP Tactical in German service)

  • DESIGNED
    1989 - 1992

  • DESIGNER
    Helmut Weldle for Heckler & Koch

  • PRODUCTION
    1993 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Germany - Heckler & Koch
    Greece - ELBO

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Very reliable
    Good accuracy
    Limited recoil
    Expensive

Introduction

The Heckler & Koch USP is a modern pistol of German origin. Development started in the early 1990's and many features of the Mk.23 SOCOM pistol are present in the USP.

Design

The USP is a semi-automatic pistol that uses the short recoil mechanism. A large part of the pistol is made out of polymer. An unique feature of the USP is the recoil reduction system, consisting of a buffer under the barrel. Accessory rails are fitted in front of the trigger guard. The USP is available in varying calibers and versions.

Firepower

The USP was developed to fire the .40 S&W round from a 13 round magazine. Later on the 9x19mm and .45 ACP versions were developed with 15 and 12 round magazines respectively. The USP Compact is the only model available in .357 SIG. All versions of the USP are semi-automatic and have an effective range of a few dozen meters.

Users

The USP is widely adopted among both law enforcement agencies and military users. It is used around the world, but mainly in Europe and the USA.

Variants

USP

The full size USP was derived from the Mk. 23 pistol and contains many of its features, including the same unique recoil reduction system. The USP is available in 9x19mm, .40 S&W and .45 Auto, with the latter having slightly larger dimensions. The USP is available in 11 different safety and trigger setups. In the USA the Custom Combat version is available. This is a full size USP with Novak fibre optic sights and the jet funnel magazines of the USP Expert.

USP9: Full size USP chambered in 9x19mm.
USP40: Full size USP chambered in .40 S&W.
USP45: Full size USP chambered in .45 ACP.
USP9 CC Custom Combat model chambered in 9x19mm.
USP40 CC Custom Combat model chambered in .40 S&W.

TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine15
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length108 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length194 mm
Width38 mm
Height136 mm
Weight0.715 kg empty
SightsIron sights, fixed, open square notch rear sight with contrast points, 158 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.40 S&W
Magazine13
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length108 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length194 mm
Width38 mm
Height136 mm
Weight0.775 kg empty
SightsIron sights, fixed, open square notch rear sight with contrast points, 158 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.45 ACP
Magazine12
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length112 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length200 mm
Width38 mm
Height141 mm
Weight0.785 kg empty
SightsIron sights, fixed, open square notch rear sight with contrast points, 162 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine18
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length108 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length194 mm
Width38 mm
Height154 mm
Weight0.923 kg with magazine
SightsIron sights, Novak fiber optic, 158mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.40 S&W
Magazine16
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length108 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length194 mm
Width38 mm
Height154 mm
Weight0.923 kg with magazine
SightsIron sights, Novak fiber optic, 158mm sight radius
Remarks-

USP Compact

The USP Compact is the compact version of the USP family of pistols. It is available in the same three calibers as the full size model. Unlike all other USP models the Compact is also available in .357 SIG. The USP Compact is smaller in length and in height, resulting in a smaller magazine capacity. The USP Compact also features a recoil reduction system as on the full size USP. It is a simpler system of a totally different nature.

USP9 Compact: Compact model USP chambered in 9x19mm.
USP357 Compact: Compact model USP chambered in .357 SIG.
USP40 Compact: Compact model USP chambered in .40 S&W.
USP45 Compact: Compact model USP chambered in .45 ACP.

TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine13
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length91 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length173 mm
Width34 mm
Height128 mm
Weight0.645 kg empty
SightsIron sights, fixed, open square notch rear sight with contrast points, 135 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.357 SIG
Magazine12
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length91 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length173 mm
Width34 mm
Height128 mm
Weight0.695 kg empty
SightsIron sights, fixed, open square notch rear sight with contrast points, 135 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.40 S&W
Magazine12
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length91 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length173 mm
Width34 mm
Height128 mm
Weight0.695 kg empty
SightsIron sights, fixed, open square notch rear sight with contrast points, 135 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.45 ACP
Magazine8
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length95 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length179 mm
Width34 mm
Height129 mm
Weight0.715 kg empty
SightsIron sights, fixed, open square notch rear sight with contrast points, 142 mm sight radius
Remarks-

USP Tactical

The USP Tactical is an alternative to the more cumbersome Mk. 23 SOCOM pistol. The USP Tactical features a longer threaded O-ring barrel, elevated adjustable sights and adjustable trigger. The USP Compact Tactical is a smaller version of the USP Tactical. The USP SD is similar to the full size USP Tactical, but is chambered in the 9x19mm round.

USP40 Tactical: USP Tactical chambered in .40 S&W.
USP45 Tactical: USP Tactical chambered in .45 ACP.
USP45 Compact Tactical: Compact model with 8 or 10 round magazine. Only available in .45 ACP.
USP SD: USP Tactical chambered in 9x19mm. This model does not feature the O-ring barrel or adjustable trigger.

TypePistol
Caliber.40 S&W
Magazine13
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length124 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length218 mm
Width38 mm
Height145 mm
Weight0.845 kg empty
SightsIron sights, adjustable precision sights, 167 mm sight radius
RemarksThreaded barrel, silencer adds 0.440 kg and 183 mm
TypePistol
Caliber.45 ACP
Magazine12
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length129 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length218 mm
Width38 mm
Height154 mm
Weight0.820 kg empty
SightsIron sights, adjustable precision sights, 171 mm sight radius
RemarksThreaded barrel, silencer adds 0.440 kg and 183 mm
TypePistol
Caliber.45 ACP
Magazine8
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length113 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length196 mm
Width29 mm
Height146 mm
Weight0.78 kg with magazine
SightsIron sights, adjustable precision sights, 148 mm sight radius
RemarksThreaded barrel, silencer adds 0.440 kg and 183 mm
TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine15
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length124 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length214 mm
Width38 mm
Height145 mm
Weight0.745 kg empty
SightsIron sights, adjustable precision sights, 167 mm sight radius
RemarksThreaded barrel, silencer adds 0.440 kg and 183 mm

USP Expert

The USP Expert is designed for target shooting and optimized for accuracy. The Expert has the same features as the USP Tactical, but has no threaded barrel. It features a longer barrel and slide. Using jet funnel magazines it also has a higher magazine capacity than the original USP.

USP9 Expert: Expert model USP chambered in 9x19mm.
USP40 Expert: Expert model USP chambered in .40 S&W.
USP45 Expert: Expert model USP chambered in .45 ACP.

TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine18
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length132 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length221 mm
Width44 mm
Height149 mm
Weight0.865 kg empty
SightsIron sights, adjustable precision sights, 190 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.40 S&W
Magazine16
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length132 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length221 mm
Width44 mm
Height149 mm
Weight0.875 kg empty
SightsIron sights, adjustable precision sights, 190 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.45 ACP
Magazine12
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length132 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length221 mm
Width44 mm
Height147 mm
Weight0.850 kg empty
SightsIron sights, adjustable precision sights, 190 mm sight radius
Remarks-

USP Match

The USP Match was developed for sport shooters. It is similar to the USP Expert, but instead of fitting a longer slide it has a standard full size slide and a barrel weight. The barrel weight is attached to the accessory rail under the barrel. The USP Match is no longer produced.

USP9 Match: Match model USP chambered in 9x19mm.
USP40 Match: Match model USP chambered in .40 S&W.
USP45 Match: Match model USP chambered in .45 ACP.

TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine15
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length153 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length240 mm
Width32 mm
Height145 mm
Weight1.18 kg
SightsIron sights, adjustable precision sights
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.40 S&W
Magazine13
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length153 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length240 mm
Width32 mm
Height145 mm
Weight1.18 kg
SightsIron sights, adjustable precision sights
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.45 ACP
Magazine12
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length153 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length240 mm
Width32 mm
Height150 mm
Weight1.18 kg
SightsIron sights, adjustable precision sights
Remarks-

USP Elite

The USP Elite was developed for comptetition shooters. The USP Elite is an USP Expert with an even longer barrel and slide. This makes it better suited for the highest level of competitive shooting, but lacks the ergonomics of dedicated competition pistols. The Elite is the least common version of the USP and is produced in limited quantities.

USP9 Elite: Elite model USP chambered in 9x19mm.
USP45 Elite: Elite model USP chambered in .45 ACP.

TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine18
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length153 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length240 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight?
SightsIron sights, adjustable precision sights
Remarks-
TypePistol
Caliber.45 ACP
Magazine12
OperationShort recoil
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length153 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length240 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight?
SightsIron sights, adjustable precision sights
Remarks-

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