Firearms / Sub machine guns / Beretta M12

Beretta M12

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Sub machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    Italy

  • NICKNAMES
    M972 (Brazilian service designation)
    MT-12 (Brazilian production M12S)
    PM1 (Indonesian production M12)
    PM1A1 (Indonesian production M12S)

  • DESIGNED
    1950 - 1958

  • DESIGNER
    Beretta

  • PRODUCTION
    1958 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Italy - Beretta

    Licenced production:
    Brazil - Taurus
    Indonesia - Pindad

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Limited cost
    Rugged and reliable
    Easy to use
    Controllable automatic fire
    Limited volume of fire
    Limited accuracy

Introduction

The M12 is a sub machine gun of Italian origin. It was developed in the 1950's by Beretta. The M12 is a limited cost weapon that has proven to be a reliable design that performs well in wet and dusty environments.

Design

The M12 has a distinctive look with its tubular receiver and forward vertical grip. It is a blowback operated weapon that fires from the open bolt position. The weapon is entirely made out of metal, with the exception of the pistol grip and forward grip. A foldable tubular stock with swivelling butt plate is fitted and a wooden stock is optional.

Firepower

The M12 fires the 9x19mm round from 20, 32 or 40 round magazines. It is a select fire weapon with a cyclic rate of fire of 550 rpm. The maximum effective range is 150 to 200 meters.

Users

The first and foremost user of the M12 is Italy, where it is used by both military and law enforcement. The M12 has also been widely exported and is used in Europe, the Middle East, Africa, Asia and South America. Even though more capable designs exist the M12 remains popular for its reliablity, ease of use and low production cost.

Variants

M12

The M12 is a sub machine gun that can be easily recognized by its tubular receiver and vertial forward grip. The M12 was produced in three variants. All three models are similar at a glance and have an identical performance.

M12: Original model was introduced in 1958.
M12S: Improved model that was introduced in 1978 and features a redesigned fire selector and different sights. Also known as PM12S.
PM12S2: The latest production model which has an additional safety on the cocking handle.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine20, 32, 40 rounds
OperationBlowback operated, open bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire550 rpm
Barrel length200 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity381 m/s
StockFoldable
Length645 mm / 418 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.0 kg empty
SightsIron sights, blade front and flip aperture rear, 150 and 250 m gradations
Remarks-
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine20, 32, 40 rounds
OperationBlowback operated, open bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire550 rpm
Barrel length200 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity381 m/s
StockFoldable
Length660 mm / 418 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.2 kg empty
SightsIron sights, blade front and flip aperture rear, 100 and 200 m gradations, 285 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine20, 32, 40 rounds
OperationBlowback operated, open bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire550 rpm
Barrel length200 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity381 m/s
StockFoldable
Length660 mm / 418 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.48 kg empty
SightsIron sights, blade front and flip aperture rear, 100 and 200 m gradations, 285 mm sight radius
Remarks-

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