Firearms / Sub machine guns / MAT-49

MAT-49

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Sub machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    France

  • NICKNAMES
    -

  • DESIGNED
    Late 1940's

  • DESIGNER
    MAT

  • PRODUCTION
    1949 - 1979

  • PRODUCERS
    France - MAT

  • QUANTITY
    About 1 million

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good reliability in arid conditions
    Limited production cost
    Compact due to folding magazine
    Easy to handle
    Low rate of fire

Introduction

The MAT-49 is an early Cold War era sub machine gun of French origin. After World War 2 the French army was rearming itself and the war showed that sub machine guns were of great use. In 1949 several designs were tested, including one from Manufacture Nationale d'Armes de Tulle (MAT). The MAT design was chosen and was named the Pistolet Mitrailleur MAT-49.

Design

The MAT-49 is a compact recoil operated sub machine gun. A unique feature is the magazine housing that can fold forwards to reduce the size of the weapon. The magazine housing also functions as a forward grip.

Firepower

The MAT-49 fires the 9x19mm round from 32 round magazines. For arid conditions 20 round single stack magazines were available. The MAT-49 fires full-automatic only at a cyclic rate of fire of 600 round per minute.

Users

The MAT-49 was produced in large quantities as it was adopted by the French military and law enforcement and it was exported to many nations under French influence. Nowadays it is mostly an obsolete weapon that has been replaced by most users. In French service it was replaced by the FAMAS assault rifle.

Variants

MAT-49

MAT-49: The MAT-49 is the standard variant and by far the most common. Three production types can be distinguished, but their specifications are very similar. The second model has an improved safety system and the third and final model has a metal pistol grip. A very small quantity was produced with a fixed wooden buttstock.
MAT-49/54: The MAT-49/54 was developed for police use and saw limited production. It features a longer barrel and a fixed wooden stock. Some have been produced with two triggers to allow for semi-automatic fire and full-automatic fire. For the prison services a MAT-49/54 was produced with standard length barrel.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine20, 32
OperationRecoil opeartion
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length228 mm
Rifling4 grooves, left hand twist
Muzzle velocity365 m/s
StockRetractable
Length720 mm / 460 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.5 kg empty
SightsIron sights, hooded blade front, flip aperture rear, 100 and 200 m gradations
Remarks-
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine32
OperationRecoil opeartion
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length350 mm
Rifling4 grooves, left hand twist
Muzzle velocity390 m/s
StockFixed
Length?
Width?
Height?
Weight?
SightsIron sights, hooded blade front, flip aperture rear, 100 and 200 m gradations
Remarks-
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine32
OperationRecoil opeartion
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length228 mm
Rifling4 grooves, left hand twist
Muzzle velocity365 m/s
StockFixed
Length?
Width?
Height?
Weight?
SightsIron sights, hooded blade front, flip aperture rear, 100 and 200 m gradations
Remarks-

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