Firearms / Sub machine guns / Lucznik PM-63

Lucznik PM-63

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Sub machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    Poland

  • NICKNAMES
    9 mm pistolet maszynowy wz. 1963 (Polish service)
    RAK / R?czny Automat Komandosów (nickname)
    Type 82 (Chinese production)

  • DESIGNED
    Late 1950's

  • DESIGNER
    Piotr Wilniewczyc

  • PRODUCTION
    1964 - 1974

  • PRODUCERS
    China - state arsenals
    Poland - ?ucznik Arms Factory

  • QUANTITY
    About 70.000 produced

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Ergonomic design
    Controllable in automatic fire
    Limited size and weight
    Difficult to aim
    Limited magazine capacity

Introduction

The PM-63 is a sub machine gun of Polish origin. It was developed in the late 1950's as a personal defence weapon for rear echelon troops. For export versions in different calibers were developed, but were never placed in production.

Design

The design is a mix between a pistol and sub machine gun. It uses a straight blowback mechanism and fires from the open bolt position. The unique design feature of the PM-63 is that instead of a normal internal bolt a slide is fitted. The magazine is inserted into the pistol grip. A retractable metal wire stock and foldable forward grip are fitted. To make the weapon more controllable a spoon shaped compensator and a inertia based rate reducer are fitted.

Firepower

The PM-63 fires the 9x18mm Makarov round from double stack 15 or 25 round magazines. Fire modes are semi-automatic and automatic at a rate of fire of 650 rpm. The maximum effective range is quoted as 150 meters. With automatic fire this range is much reduced.

Users

The main user of the PM-63 was Poland and small quantities were exported to East Germany, Vietnam and various Arab nations. An unlicenced copy was produced in China as the Type 82 and has been exported to several nations with close ties to China.

Variants

PM-63

The PM-63 is a sub machine gun that is easily identified by its many unique features. The external slide, foldable forward grip and spoon type compensator make it easy to identifiy. A PM-70 in 9x19mm and PM-73 in .380 ACP have been developed but were never produced in quantity.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x18mm Makarov
Magazine15, 25 rounds
OperationStraight blowback, open bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire650 rpm
Barrel length152 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity320 m/s
StockRetractable
Length583 mm / 333 mm
Width?
Height145 mm with 15 rd magazine, 213 mm with 25 rd magazine
Weight1.6 kg empty, 2.0 kg with 25 rd magazine
SightsIron sights, blade front and flip up rear, 75 and 150 m gradations, 153 mm sight radius
Remarks-

Copyright © 2002 - 2014 Weaponsystems.net