Firearms / Sub machine guns / PPSh-41

PPSh-41

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Sub machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Type 50 (Chinese production)
    Type 49 (North Korean production)

  • DESIGNED
    1941

  • DESIGNER
    George S. Shpagin

  • PRODUCTION
    1942 - late 1940's

  • PRODUCERS
    China
    North Korea
    USSR
    Vietnam

  • QUANTITY
    Over 6 million

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Large magazine capacity
    Very rugged and reliable
    Very high rate of fire
    Limited accuracy

Introduction

The PPSh-41 is a World War 2 era sub machine gun of Soviet origin. It was developed during World War 2 as a simpler and cheaper alternative to the PPD-40. Later during the war it was supplemented by the even cheaper PPS-43. The PPSh-41 was widely used by Soviet troops during World War 2 and has become an iconic firearm.

Design

The PPSh-41 is a blowback operated weapon that fires from an open bolt position. The weapon consists of a wooden stock and metal barrel assembly with large barrel shroud. A pin makes the barrel assembly pivot forwards, allowing the weapon to be cleaned. A bolt buffer is fitted at the rear of the receiver to reduce recoil stress due to the high rate of fire.

Firepower

The PPSh-41 fires the 7.62x25mm round that is also used in the Tokarev pistol. It uses 71 round drum magazines and 35 round curved box magazines. The PPSh-41 is a select-fire weapon with a cyclic rate of fire of 900 rpm. Combined with the drum magazine this ensures a large volume of fire. The accuracy is low due to limited production quality of the weapon and ammunition and its open bolt design. The maximum effective range is 200 meters.

Users

The PPSh-41 was one of the major issue firearms used by the Soviets during World War 2. After World War 2 it was replaced by the AK-47. Many obsolete units have been provided to Soviet allies in Africa, the Middle East and Asia.

Variants

PPSh-41

The PPSh-41 is a sub machine gun that fires the 7.62x25mm round from 35 round box or 71 round drum magazines. Early production models feature a tangent rear sight and later models a simpler flip up sight. Chinese Type 50 and North Korean Type 49 are direct copies of the Soviet model.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber7.62x25mm Tokarev
Magazine35 round box, 71 round drum
OperationBlowback, open bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire900 rpm
Barrel length270 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 240 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity490 m/s
StockFixed
Length840 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.63 kg empty, 4.31 kg loaded with box, 5.45 kg loaded with drum
SightsIron sights, post front and tangent notch rear, 50 to 500 m gradations, 391 mm sight radius (early models), post front and flip-up rear, 100 and 200 m gradations (late models)
Remarks-

K-50M

The K-50M is a Vietnamese modification of the Chinese Type 50. The K-50M is a much more compact weapon as the barrel shroud has been shortened and the wooden stock has been removed. These changes required a new front sight and pistol grip to be installed. The internal mechanism is similar to the Type 50. The bolt is slightly heavier and results in a lower rate of fire. The K-50M is only capable of fully automatic fire since the fire selector has been removed.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber7.62x25mm Tokarev
Magazine35 round box
OperationBlowback, open bolt
Fire selector0-F
Rate of fire700 rpm
Barrel length269 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 241 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity488 m/s
StockRetractable
Length756 mm / 571 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.4 kg empty, 4.09 kg empty
SightsIron sights, post front and flip notch rear, 100 and 200 m gradations, 356 mm sight radius
Remarks-

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