Firearms / Sub machine guns / CZ Skorpion

CZ Skorpion

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Sub machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    Czechoslovakia

  • NICKNAMES
    M84 (Yugoslav production)

  • DESIGNED
    1950's

  • DESIGNER
    Ceska Zbrojovka

  • PRODUCTION
    1959 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Czechoslovakia - CZ
    Czech Republic - CZ
    Serbia - Zastava

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Limited size and weight
    Longer range than pistol
    High volume of fire
    Low lethality of 7.65mm round
    Limited range

Introduction

The Skorpion was desiged to provide Czechoslovak army non-combat personnel with more firepower than a pistol, but without bothering them with a heavier weapon. The development took place in the 1950's. Production started in 1959 for security forces while the army adopted it after trails in 1961. The Skorpion is offten called Vz 61, which is the short notation of the official Czechoslovak military designation Samopal vzor 1961.

Design

The Skorpion was designed to be no more cumbersome than a pistol. The layout is similar to the ancient Mauser C.96 Broomhandle pistol, which was also produced in automatic versions. The magazine is inserted just in front of the trigger guard and the weapon does not extend beyond the pistol grip. The wire stock folds over the weapon, with the shoulder pad covering the barrel giving the Skorpion distinct looks. The Skorpion is a blowback operated weapon and is fitted with a rate reducer to lower the rate of fire to an acceptable level. The original version of the Skorpion fires the 7.65x17mm round. For export sales the weapon was available in 9x17mm, 9x18mm and 9x19mm as well.

Firepower

The Skorpion is a very effective machine pistol. It is easy to operate and reliable. When the stock is folded the Skorpion isn't that much larger as a pistol. It allows effective use beyond the range pistols can be used. The Skorpion fires the 7.65x17mm round from 10 or 20 round magazines. It is a select fire weapon with a cyclic rate of fire of 840 rpm. The 7.65mm rounds are not very powerful, but this is compensated by the volume of fire. The effective range is about 50 meters.

Users

Besides being used by Czechoslovak forces the Skorpion was exported to various nations. Due to its size and silent operation with silencer the Skorpion was also favoured by special forces. The Skorpion has been replaced by newer designs by many users, but it still remains in use all over the world.

Variants

Standard models

The Vz 61 is the original model and is chambered for the 7.65x17mm round. The Vz 63 fires the 9x17mm Short round, the Vz 64 the 9x18mm Makarov round and the Vz 68 the 9x19mm Parabellum round.

TypeMachine pistol
Caliber7.65x17mm Browning
Magazine10, 20 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire840 rpm
Barrel length115 mm
Rifling6 grooves, right hand 305 mm twist
Muzzle velocity317 m/s
StockFoldable
Length513 mm / 269 mm
Width43 mm
Height?
Weight1.30 kg
SightsIron sights, 75 and 150m flip up, 148 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypeMachine pistol
Caliber.380 ACP
Magazine10, 20, 30 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire900 rpm
Barrel length113 mm
Rifling6 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity292 m/s
StockFoldable
Length513 mm / 269 mm
Width49 mm
Height?
Weight?
SightsIron sights, 75 and 150m flip up, 148 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypeMachine pistol
Caliber9x18mm Makarov
Magazine12, 24 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire900 rpm
Barrel length113 mm
Rifling6 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity320 m/s
StockFoldable
Length513 mm / 269 mm
Width49 mm
Height?
Weight?
SightsIron sights, 75 and 150m flip up, 148 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypeMachine pistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine10, 20, 30 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire900 rpm
Barrel length113 mm
Rifling6 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity320 m/s
StockFoldable
Length513 mm / 269 mm
Width49 mm
Height?
Weight?
SightsIron sights, 75 and 150m flip up, 148 mm sight radius
Remarks-

Updated models

The introduction of the 9x18mm round in the Czechoslovak military resulted in the adoption of the 9x18mm variant of the Skorpion. This event allowed for some modifications as well. The updated models can be identified by the plastic pistol grip. The Vz 83 fires the 9x17mm round and the updated 7.65mm version is called the Vz 61E.

TypeMachine pistol
Caliber9x18mm Makarov
Magazine12, 24 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire900 rpm
Barrel length113 mm
Rifling6 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity320 m/s
StockFoldable
Length517 mm / 270 mm
Width49 mm
Height?
Weight1.44 kg
SightsIron sights, 75 and 150m flip up, 148 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypeMachine pistol
Caliber.380 ACP
Magazine10, 20, 30 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire900 rpm
Barrel length113 mm
Rifling6 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity292 m/s
StockFoldable
Length517 mm / 270 mm
Width49 mm
Height?
Weight1.44 kg
SightsIron sights, 75 and 150m flip up, 148 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypeMachine pistol
Caliber7.65x17mm Browning
Magazine10, 20 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire840 rpm
Barrel length115 mm
Rifling6 grooves, right hand 305 mm twist
Muzzle velocity317 m/s
StockFoldable
Length517 mm / 270 mm
Width43 mm
Height?
Weight1.28 kg
SightsIron sights, 75 and 150m flip up, 148 mm sight radius
Remarks-

Copyright © 2002 - 2014 Weaponsystems.net