Firearms / Sub machine guns / Type 85

Type 85

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Sub machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    China

  • NICKNAMES
    QCW85 (modern designation for silenced Type 85)

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1980's

  • DESIGNER
    Norinco

  • PRODUCTION
    Mid 1980's - present?

  • PRODUCERS
    China - Norinco

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Cheap
    Very light
    Easy to use
    Reasonable quality

Introduction

The Type 85 is a sub machine gun of Chinese origin. It was designed to replace the earlier Type 79 sub machine gun and Type 64 silenced sub machine gun in Chinese service.

Design

The Type 85 is a simplified version of the Type 79 sub machine gun. It uses blowback operation opposed to the more complex short stroke gas piston used in the Type 79. The blowback mechanism is equivalent to the one used on the Type 64 and especially the silenced version of the Type 85 looks very similar to the Type 64.

Firepower

The Type 85 fires the 7.62x25mm round from a curved 30 round magazine, which is also used in the earlier Type 64. For the silenced version of the Type 85 subsonic ammunition is available. The cyclic rate of fire is about 800 rpm. The maximum effective range is 150 to 200 m for the Type 85 and 100 to 150 m for the silenced version.

Users

Both versions of the Type 85 are in use with the Chinese armed forces. Given the recent development of more capable sub machine guns of Chinese origin the Type 85 may not become as widely proliferated as the Type 64 and Type 79 it was designed to replace.

Variants

Type 85

The Type 85 is a Chinese sub machine gun chambered for the 7.62x25mm round. The Type 85 uses an altered version of the Type 64 blowback mechanism and is not a silenced weapon. The Type 85 is easily distinguished from the Type 79 as it has a cylindrical shaped receiver and shorter magazine well.

TypeHeavy machine gun
Caliber12.7x108mm Soviet
MagazineBelt fed, 60 rounds
OperationGas operated, direct impingement, open bolt
Fire selector0-F
Rate of fire650 - 700 rpm
Barrel length1.003 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity825 m/s
StockFixed
Length2.150 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight24 kg plus 17.5 kg tripod
SightsIron sights, optional optical sights
Remarks-

Type 85 silenced

The silenced version of the Type 85 features an integrated silencer. This makes it a much longer weapon than the standard version. It is normally employed with the subsonic version of the 7.62x25mm round as used in the Type 64, but can fire normal ammunition if required. With subsonic ammunition the sound is reduced to 80 dB.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber7.62x25mm Tokarev
Magazine30 rounds
OperationBlowback
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire800 rpm
Barrel length?
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity300 m/s
StockFoldable
Length869 mm / 631 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight2.5 kg empty
SightsIron sights, blade front and flip aperture rear, 100 and 200 m gradations
RemarksIntegrated silencer

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