Firearms / Sub machine guns / IMI Uzi

IMI Uzi

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Sub machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    Israel

  • NICKNAMES
    Model 46 (Mini Uzi)
    Model 49 (Micro Uzi)

  • DESIGNED
    1948 - 1950

  • DESIGNER
    Uziel Gal

  • PRODUCTION
    1954 - ? (Uzi)
    1980 - present (Mini Uzi)
    1986 - present (Micro Uzi)
    2010 - present (Uzi Pro)

  • PRODUCERS
    Israel - IMI/IWI

    Licensed production:
    Belgium - FN
    South Africa - LIW

  • QUANTITY
    Over 10 million produced, production continues.

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Reliable
    Rugged
    Heavy
    Compact versions hard to control

Introduction

The Uzi is an early Cold War era sub machine gun of Israeli origin. It is one of the world's most famous firearms as it has been adopted by many nations and used in many conflicts. Nowadays some variants remain in production, but its 50 year old design suffers competition from newer designs.

Design

The design of the Uzi was inspired by the Czechoslovak Vz 23 sub machine gun. The Uzi uses a similar blowback design with wrap around telescoping bolt. This makes the overall length of the weapon much shorter and allows for a relatively long barrel. The Uzi consists mostly of stamped sheet metal. The receiver has grooves in which sand and dirt can settle to improve reliability. The magazine is housed in the pistol grip and a grip safety is fitted to prevent accidental firing. The full size variants fire from the open bolt, while the smaller versions use a closed bolt design.

Firepower

The Uzi fires the 9x19mm round from a 25 or 32 round magazine. All Uzi's are capable of semi-automatic and automatic fire. The cyclic rate of fire is 600 rounds per minute for the Uzi and as high as 1.200 rounds per minute for the Micro Uzi. The maximum effective range is 150 meters for the standard Uzi and less for the smaller versions.

Users

The first and foremost user of the Uzi was Israel. Additionally the Uzi was adopted by over 90 nations and was common in Europe, Africa and South America. The Uzi remains in use with many non-Western nations. The Mini and Micro Uzi are often used by non-Western special forces units.

Variants

Micro Uzi

The Micro Uzi is the smallest version of the Uzi family. It was introduced in 1986, only two years after the Mini Uzi. Due to its reduced size and lighter bolt the rate of fire is much higher. The Pistol Uzi is a semi-automatic fire version of the Micro Uzi. The barrel is also slightly shorter and no shoulder stock is fitted. The Para Uzi was produced very briefly in the 1990's. It has an angled pistol grip as it uses Glock magazines instead of Uzi ones and an accessory rail is mounted on top of the weapon.

TypePistol
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine20, 25, 32 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length117 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 254 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity345 m/s
Stock-
Length240 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight1.65 kg empty
SightsIron sights
Remarks-
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine20, 25, 32 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire1.200 rpm
Barrel length134 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 254 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity350 m/s
StockFoldable
Length504 mm / 282 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight1.95 kg empty, 2.2 kg with rail
SightsIron sights, 184 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine17, 32 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire1.200 rpm
Barrel length134 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 254 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity350 m/s
StockFoldable
Length504 mm / 282 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight2.2 kg
SightsIron sights, 184 mm sight radius
Remarks-

Mini Uzi

The Mini Uzi is a scaled down version of the full size Uzi. It was introduced in 1980, but did not replace the full size Uzi in production. Due to its reduced size and lighter bolt the rate of fire is higher. The Mini Uzi is the only Uzi that is available in both the open and closed bolt designs.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine20, 25, 32 rounds
OperationBlowback, open bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire950 rpm
Barrel length197 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 254 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity380 m/s
StockFoldable
Length588 mm / 360 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight2.65 kg empty
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 50 and 150 m gradations, 233 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine20, 25, 32 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire1.100 rpm
Barrel length197 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 254 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity380 m/s
StockFoldable
Length588 mm / 360 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight2.65 kg empty
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 50 and 150 m gradations, 233 mm sight radius
Remarks-

Uzi

The full size Uzi is the standard and most produced version of the Uzi family. At first it was briefly produced with a fixed wooden stock, which was later replaced with a metal folding stock throughout the rest of the production.

  • Specifications:
  • Uzi
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine20, 25, 32 rounds
OperationBlowback, open bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length260 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 254 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity400 m/s
StockFoldable
Length650 mm / 470 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.7 kg (folding stock), 3.8 kg (wooden stock)
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 100 and 200 m gradations, 309 mm sight radius
Remarks-

Uzi Carbine

The Uzi Carbine was developed for the US civilian market. It is essentially similar to the full size Uzi except for its longer barrel and semi-automatic only trigger group With the longer barrel it complies to US laws and regulations. The Uzi Carbine is the only Uzi that is also available in .45 Auto, firing from a 16 round magazine.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine20, 25, 32 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length400 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 254 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
StockFoldable
Length790 mm / 610 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight?
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 100 and 200 m gradations, 309 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber.45 ACP
Magazine16 rounds
OperationBlowback, closed bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length400 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity?
StockFoldable
Length790 mm / 610 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight?
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 100 and 200 m gradations, 309 mm sight radius
Remarks-

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