Firearms / Sub machine guns / Carl Gustav m/45

Carl Gustav m/45

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Sub machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    Sweden

  • NICKNAMES
    Kulsprutepistol m/45 (official designation)
    Kpist m/45 (abbreviated designation)
    Swedish K (nickname)
    Port Said (Egyptian production)
    M76 (US production)

  • DESIGNED
    Gunnar Johnsson

  • DESIGNER
    1944

  • PRODUCTION
    1945 - 1964 (Swedish production)
    1965 - 1970 (Egyptian production)
    1967 - 1974 (US production)

  • PRODUCERS
    Sweden - Carl Gustav
    Egypt - Maadi
    United States - Smith & Wesson

  • QUANTITY
    About 300.000 produced

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Rugged and reliable
    Limited production costs
    Easy to clean and operate

Introduction

The Carl Gustav m/45 is a World War 2 era sub machine gun of Swedish origin. It was developed during the final stages of World War 2 and used new production techniques to reduce production costs.

Design

The Carl Gustav is a blowback operated weapon with a round receiver, wooden pistol grip and large barrel shroud. For a blowback operated sub machine gun the rate of fire is rather low. The magazine acts as the forward grip. A side-folding wire stock is attached to the receiver and pistol grip.

Firepower

The Carl Gustav fires the 9x19mm round from a 24 or 36 round magazine. It fires fully automatic only at the limited rate of fire of 600 rpm. This makes the Carl Gustav very controllable. The maximum effective range is quoted as 200 meters.

Users

The Carl Gustav was used by Sweden and exported to various nations around the world. It was also produced under license in Egypt and without license in the USA. Over time most have been replaced by assault rifles or more modern sub machine guns such as the MP5. Limited quantities still remain in service.

Variants

Carl Gustav m/45

In Sweden several versions of the Carl Gustav m/45 were produced.

m/45: Original production model with interchangable magazine well for Carl Gustav or Suomi type magazines and a dark finish. Also known as m/45S.
m/45B: The most common model. An improved m/45 with fixed magazine well, smaller holes in the barrel shroud and lighter grey-green finish.
m/45C: A ceremonial model of the m/45B with bayonet mount.
m/45D: Select fire model for police use with modified stock to allow a riot helmet to be used.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine36 round box
OperationGas operated, blowback, open bolt
Fire selector0-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length213mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity410 m/s
StockFoldable
Length806 mm / 552 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.43 kg
SightsIron sights, blade front and flip up rear, 100 and 200 m gradations
Remarks-

Port Said

The Carl Gustav m/45 was also produced under license in Egypt.

Port Said: Egyptian production version of m/45B. Can be idenfified by darker finish.
Akaba: Simplified Egyptian version with simpler sights, retractable wire stock and shorter barrel without shroud. Sometimes also known as Kara.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine36 round box
OperationGas operated, blowback, open bolt
Fire selector0-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length212 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity400 m/s
StockFoldable
Length806 mm / 552 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.35 kg
SightsIron sights, blade front and flip up rear, 100 and 200 m gradations
Remarks-
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine36 round box
OperationGas operated, blowback, open bolt
Fire selector0-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length150 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
StockRetractable
Length737 mm / 482 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight?
SightsIron sights, notch front and fixed aperture rear, 100 m gradation
Remarks-

S&W M76

In the USA a direct copy of the Carl Gustav m/45 was made at the request of the US Navy.

M76: Direct copy of the m/45B produced by Smith & Wesson. It can be identified by the plastic grip and barrel shroud with many holes.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine24 or 36 round box
OperationGas operated, blowback, open bolt
Fire selector0-F
Rate of fire720 rpm
Barrel length203 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 250 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity400 m/s
StockFoldable
Length775 mm / 496 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.3 kg empty, 4.0 kg loaded
SightsIron sights, blade front and flip up rear, 100 and 200 m gradations
Remarks-

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