Firearms / Sub machine guns / PPS-43

PPS-43

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Sub machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Type 43 (original PPS-43 in Chinese service)
    Type 54 (Chinese production)

  • DESIGNED
    1942

  • DESIGNER
    Alexei Sudayev

  • PRODUCTION
    1942 - 1948 (Soviet production)
    1952 - 1955 (Polish production)
    1954 - ? (Chinese production)

  • PRODUCERS
    China - State arsenals
    Poland - Lucznik arms factory
    USSR - Sestoryesk arsenal

  • QUANTITY
    PPS-42: over 45.000
    PPS-43: over 1 million
    PPS wz. 1943/1952: 111.000

  • UNIT COST
    Very limited production costs

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Very low production costs
    Easy to use and maintain
    Low production quality
    Limited accuracy

Introduction

The PPS-43 is a World War 2 era sub machine gun of Soviet origin. It was developed during the siege of Leningrad. During this time a cheaper and easier to produce weapon than the succesful PPSh-41 was required. The name PPS stands for Pistolet Pulemyot Sudayeva or Sudayev sub machine gun.

Design

The PPS-43 is a blowback operated weapon that fires from the open bolt position. The simple stamped receiver houses the bolt with its integrated cocking handle. Even without a wooden stock the PPS-43 requires less steel and parts than the PPSh-41. The curved magazine are not interchangeable with those of the PPSh-41.

Firepower

The PPS-43 fires the 7.62x25mm Tokarev round from a 35 round magazine. This round provides good penetration and reasonable stopping power. The PPS-43 fires fully automatic only at a rate of fire of 600 to 900 rpm. In theory the maximum range is 200 meters. In practice the maximum range is about 100 meters.

Users

The PPS-43 was widely used by Soviet forces during World War 2. After the war it remained in limited lower tier use. Many were exported to Soviet allies in Africa and Asia. After World War 2 the PPS-43 was also produced under license, most notably in China as the Type 54. Nowadays the PPS-43 is long obsolete and is only encountered on a limited scale in third world conflicts.

Variants

PPS-43

PPS-42: Original production version. Produced in limited quantities.
PPS-43: Main production version with integrated heat shield and shorter stock. Even cheaper and simpler to produce than the PPS-42.
PPS wz. 1943/1952: Polish production model with wooden stock.
Type 54: Chinese production model. Very similar to PPS-43.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber7.62x25mm Tokarev
Magazine35 rounds
OperationBlowback operated, open bolt
Fire selector0-F
Rate of fire600 - 900 rpm
Barrel length273 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity500 m/s
StockFoldable
Length907 mm / 641 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight2.95 kg
SightsIron sights, blade front and flip up rear sight, 100 and 200 m gradations
Remarks-
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber7.62x25mm Tokarev
Magazine35 rounds
OperationBlowback operated, open bolt
Fire selector0-F
Rate of fire600 - 900 rpm
Barrel length243 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity500 m/s
StockFoldable
Length820 mm / 615 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.04 kg
SightsIron sights, blade front and flip up rear sight, 100 and 200 m gradations
Remarks-

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