Firearms / Assault rifles / AK-63

AK-63

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Assault rifle

  • ORIGIN
    Hungary

  • NICKNAMES
    AMD (alternative name for the AKM-63)
    AMM (Hungarian designation for AK-63D)
    AMMSz (Hungarian designation for AK-63E)

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1960's (AKM-63)
    Mid 1970's (AK-63)

  • DESIGNER
    Fegyver- és Gépgyár (FÉG)

  • PRODUCTION
    1963 - 1966 (AKM-63)
    1965 - 1980 (AMD-65)
    1977 - 1990's? (AK-63)

  • PRODUCERS
    Hungary - FÉG

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Ergonomic design
    High quality production
    More expensive than standard Kalashnikov

Introduction

The AK-63 family of assault rifles are Hungarian variants of the Soviet AKM assault rifle. The earlier AKM-63 and AMD-65 are among the few versions of the AK-47 that do not use a wooden furniture. The later AK-63 models are more traditional.

Design

Technically the AK-63 is completely similar to the AKM. Only the furniture is very different on the earlier Hungarian variants since metal handguards with plastic forward and pistol grips were used. Of special notice is the AMD-65
one of the few carbine variants of the AK-47 series. It is fitted with a large muzzle brake to compensate for the shorter barrel.

Firepower

The AK-63 fires the Soviet 7.62x39mm round from 20, 30 or 40 round magazines. The 40 round magazines do not work on the earlier versions as the vertical grip on the handguard interferes with the longer magazines. Being a select fire weapon the AK-63 is able to fire semi-automatically or fully automatic at a cyclic 600 rounds per minute.

Users

All variants of the AK-63 were adopted by the Hungarian forces. The AK-63 has also been exported to numerous allied states and irregular forces.

Variants

AMD-65

The AMD-65 is a carbine version of the AKM-63. AMD stands for Automata Módosított Deszant, Hungarian for modified paratrooper assault weapon. It has a shorter barrel with special muzzle brake and folding metal wire stock. The AMD-65 retains the signature metal handguard and plastic vertical and pistol grips.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x39mm Soviet
Magazine20, 30
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire750 rpm
Barrel length317 mm
Rifling4 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
StockFoldable
Length847 mm / 648 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.21 kg
SightsIron sights, adjustable post front, tangent U-notch rear, adjustable to 800 m
Remarks-

AKM-63

The AKM-63 is a modified version of the original Soviet AKM. The AKM-63 differs from the AKM in having a plastic pistol grip and a metal handguard with a plastic forward vertical grip.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x39mm Soviet
Magazine20, 30
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length415 mm
Rifling4 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity715 m/s
StockFixed
Length880 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.13 kg
SightsIron sights, adjustable post front, tangent U-notch rear, adjustable to 800 m, 376 mm sight radius
Remarks-

AK-63

The AK-63 is a more traditional copy of the Soviet AKM and is therefore less costly to produce than the AKM-63. The straighter pistol grip sets the AK-63 apart from the Soviet AKM. The AK-63F has a wooden fixed stock and the AK-63D an AKMS-type foldable metal stock.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x39mm Soviet
Magazine20, 30, 40
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length415 mm
Rifling4 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity715 m/s
StockFixed
Length878 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.1 kg
SightsIron sights, adjustable post front, tangent U-notch rear, adjustable to 800 m, 376 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x39mm Soviet
Magazine20, 30, 40
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length415 mm
Rifling4 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity715 m/s
StockFoldable
Length902 mm / 655 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.3 kg
SightsIron sights, adjustable post front, tangent U-notch rear, adjustable to 800 m, 376 mm sight radius
Remarks-

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