Firearms / Assault rifles / Galil

Galil

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Assault rifle

  • ORIGIN
    Israel

  • NICKNAMES
    Model 339 (alternative name for Galil Sniper)
    Galat'z (alternative name for Galil Sniper)
    M/94 (Portugese designation)

  • DESIGNED
    Late 1960's

  • DESIGNER
    Yisrael Galili & Yaacov Lior

  • PRODUCTION
    1972 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Chile - Indumil
    Israel - IMI
    South Africa - Vektor

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Rugged and reliable
    Heavy and cumbersome
    Difficult to mount attachments

Introduction

The Galil is an assault rifle of Israeli origin. It was developed as during the Six-day war of 1967 it became clear that the FAL was not suitable enough for desert warfare. At the end of the war the decision was made to develop a new assault rifle based upon the Kalashnikov and the new 5.56x45mm cartridge. Two designs were tested. The first design was created by Uziel Gal (who is also the creator of the Uzi) and the second design was developed by Israel Galili. The latter design, based on the Finnish Valmet Rk.62 assault rifle, eventually won the competition and was selected as the new IDF assault rifle.

Design

The design of the Galil was based on the Finnish RK-62 rifle, which in turn is based on the AK-47. The first test batches even incorporated some parts from the RK-62. The Galil is gas operated and uses a long stroke gas piston and a rotating bolt. All versions feature a tubular metal folding stock and all versions except the ARM have a polymer forearm. At first the Galil family consisted of the carbine SAR, full size AR and ARM light support weapon. For export the Galil was also made available in 7.62x51mm NATO. Later on the Galil Sniper was introduced and the MAR is the newest addition. Earlier variants used the long rifling associated with the M193 round. Later production variants use the faster rifling for the SS-109 rounds.

Firepower

The Galil fires the 5.56x45mm M193 or SS-109 round from a 35 round magazine. The 7.62x51mm NATO models use a 25 round magazine. The Galil is select fire and has a cyclic rate of fire of 650 rpm. The maximum effective range for the full size rifles is 400 meters and for the MAR it is 200 meters. The 7.62mm models have a longer effective range. The Galil Sniper versions fire the 7.62x51mm NATO round from a 10 or 25 round magazine. They are semi-automatic and can be used up to 800 meters.

Users

The Galil was designed for Israeli use. Even though it was adopted the M16 became the standard issue assault rifle for the Israeli forces as they were available from the US at much lower costs. The Galil has been sold to dozens of nations and remain in use with many of them. It is used around the world but is most common in South America. South Africa as one of the best known users as they have produced it under license and developed their own variants. Nowadays the production of the Galil is very limited. The ACE is a product improved Galil which is recently marketed by IWI.

Variants

Galil MAR

The MAR (Micro Assault Rifle) is the smallest variant of the Galil family. It was developed for use by special forces and non-infantry personnel such as vehicle crews. The MAR has a very short barrel and gas piston and is therefore only available in 5.56mm NATO. The latest version has a redesigned handguard which resists heat better.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm NATO
Magazine35 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 - 750 rpm
Barrel length195 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 178 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity710 m/s
StockFoldable
Length690 mm / 445 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight2.95 kg empty, 3.67 kg loaded
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 300 and 500 m gradations, 300 mm sight radius
RemarksSide folding stock

Galil SAR

The SAR (Short Assault Rifle) is the carbine version of the Galil family. It is similar to the AR versions with the difference being the shorter barrel. The R5 is the South African variant of the SAR. Minor changes have been incorporated and the folding stock is lengthened. The LM5 is a semi-automatic version for law enforcement and civilian use. The R6 is a South African development of the Galil SAR. It has a much shorter barrel, but is not as small as the Galil MAR. The LM6 is a semi-automatic version for law enforcement and civilian use.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm M193 or NATO
Magazine35 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire650 rpm
Barrel length332 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 178 or 305 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity900 m/s
StockFoldable
Length840 mm / 614 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.75 kg empty
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 300 and 500 m gradations, 445 mm sight radius
RemarksSide folding stock
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x51mm NATO
Magazine25 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire650 rpm
Barrel length400 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 305 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity800 m/s
StockFoldable
Length915 mm / 675 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.85 kg empty
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 300 and 500 m gradations, 445 mm sight radius
RemarksSide folding stock
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm M193
Magazine35 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 - 750 rpm
Barrel length332 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 305 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity920 m/s
StockFoldable
Length877 mm / 615 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.7 kg empty
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 300 and 500 m gradations, 445 mm sight radius
Remarks-
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm M193
Magazine35 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire585 rpm
Barrel length280 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 305 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity825 m/s
StockFoldable
Length805 mm / 565 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.68 kg empty
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 300 and 500 m gradations, 425 mm sight radius
Remarks-

Galil AR

The AR (Assault Rifle) variant is the standard full size rifle of the Galil family. The AR can be distinguished from the ARM by its polymer forearm and lack of a bipod. Like the SAR and ARM it is also also available in 7.62mm NATO. As with all 7.62mm models the 7.62mm model has a longer barrel than its 5.56mm NATO counterpart.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm M193 or NATO
Magazine35 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire650 rpm
Barrel length460 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 178 or 305 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity950 m/s
StockFoldable
Length979 mm / 742 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.95 kg empty
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 300 and 500 m gradations, 475 mm sight radius
RemarksSide folding stock
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x51mm NATO
Magazine25 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire650 rpm
Barrel length535 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 305 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity850 m/s
StockFoldable
Length1.050 mm / 810 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight4.05 kg empty
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 300 and 500 m gradations, 475 mm sight radius
RemarksSide folding stock

Galil ARM

The ARM (Assault Rifle and Machine gun) variant of the Galil family is an AR modified to serve as a light support weapon. Features that distinct it from the AR are a bipod, a carrying handle and a wooden handguard to accomodate a hotter barrel due to sustained fire. It is not a true machine gun as it has no quick change barrel and it is magazine fed only. It is often used as a standard issue assault rifle instead of the AR. The R4 is the South African variant of the ARM. Minor changes have been incorporated and the folding stock is lengthened. The LM4 is a semi-automatic version for law enforcement and civilian use.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm M193 or NATO
Magazine35, 50 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire650 rpm
Barrel length460 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 178 or 305 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity950 m/s
StockFoldable
Length979 mm / 742 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight4.35 kg empty
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 300 and 500 m gradations, 475 mm sight radius
RemarksSide folding stock
Fixed folding bipod
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x51mm NATO
Magazine25 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire650 rpm
Barrel length535 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 305 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity850 m/s
StockFoldable
Length1.050 mm / 810 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight4.45 kg empty
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 300 and 500 m gradations, 475 mm sight radius
RemarksSide folding stock
Fixed folding bipod
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm M193
Magazine35 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 - 750 rpm
Barrel length460 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 305 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity980 m/s
StockFoldable
Length1.005 mm / 740 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight4.3 kg empty
SightsIron sights, post front and flip aperture rear, 300 and 500 m gradations, 475 mm sight radius
RemarksFixed folding bipod

Galil Sniper

The Galil Sniper is a precision rifle based on the ARM and is also known as the Galat'z. It is fitted with a two stage trigger, large wooden stock, heavy barrel and is only available in 7.62mm NATO. The latest version has a metal folding stock with rubber chieckpiece and buttpad.

TypeSniper rifle
Caliber7.62x51mm NATO
Magazine25 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length508 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 305 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity815 m/s
StockFoldable
Length1.115 mm / 840 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight6.4 kg incl bipod excl optics
SightsBackup iron sights, normally fitted with Nimrod 6x40 scope
RemarksSide folding adjustable stock
Fixed folding bipod

SR-99

The SR-99 is a modernized Galil Sniper. It is fitted with an adjustable skeleton stock, synthetic or new wooden handguard and synthetic pistol grip. The SR-99 trades in some of the ruggedness for ergonomics. A mirage band is optional and an adjustable buttspike is fitted in the shoulder stock.

TypeSniper rifle
Caliber7.62x51mm NATO
Magazine25 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length508 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 305 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity815 m/s
StockFoldable, adjustable
Length1.112 mm / 845 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight5.1 kg empty excl optics
SightsBackup iron sights, normally fitted with Nimrod 6x40 scope
RemarksFixed folding bipod

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