Firearms / Assault rifles / M1 Garand

M1 Garand

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Self-loading rifle

  • ORIGIN
    United States

  • NICKNAMES
    M1E7 (early designation for M1C)
    M1E8 (early designation for M1D)

  • DESIGNED
    1932 - 1935

  • DESIGNER
    John Garand

  • PRODUCTION
    1936 - 1957 (military prodcution)

  • PRODUCERS
    Italy - Beretta
    Italy - Breda
    United States - Harrington & Richardson
    United States - International Harvester
    United States - Winchester

  • QUANTITY
    About 6 million

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Semi-automatic
    Reliable
    Heavier than bolt-action rifles
    Feeding from clips

Introduction

The M1 Garand is a semi-automatic rifle of US origin. It was designed in the 1920's and was the first semi-automatic firearm to become a standard issue rifle. The M1 Garand has become famous in World War 2 where it proved to be more capable than the bolt-action rifles used by other nations.

Design

The M1 Garand is gas operated and uses a long stroke gas piston. The M1 Garand features a fixed magazine which is loaded from the top with 8 round clips. Originally it was intended to fire the .276 Pedersen with a 10 round capacity, but it was decided to use then standard .30-06 with an 8 round capacity. Externally the M1 Garand still looks like a classic rifle while being made out of wood and having a magazine that does not extend from the weapon.

Firepower

The M1 Garand is a semi-automatic rifle that fires the .30-06 from 8 round clips. The drawback of this mechanism is that it cannot be easily reloaded until all 8 rounds are spent. The effective range with iron sights is 400 meters and 600 meters when optics are use. Although less accurate than bolt-action rifles the M1 Garand proved suitable as a sniper rifle.

Users

The M1 Garand was the standard issue rifle of the US armed forces during World War 2. In 1957 it was replaced by the M14 but small quantities were used up till the early stages of the Vietnam war. The M1 Garand armed many European nations shortly after World War 2 and were replaced by the FAL, G3 and other contemporary designs. Many other US allies received the M1 Garand. Nowadays the M1 Garand is obsolete.

Variants

M1 Garand

The M1 Garand is a self-loading rifle that fires the .30-06 round from 8 round stripper clips. Many variants of the M1 Garand were developed but none except the sniper version left the prototype stage.

TypeSelf-loading rifle
Caliber.30-06 Springfield
MagazineInternal magazine fed by 8 round clips
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length610 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity853 m/s
StockFixed
Length1.105 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight4.31 kg
SightsIron sights, barleycorn front and aperture rear
Remarks-

M1C Garand

The M1C is the sniper version of the M1 Garand. It was hardly used during World War 2 but quite common during the Korean War. The M1C features an offset scope mount and cheekpiece. The M1D is an improved model with a much simpler and less costly scope mount.

TypeSniper rifle
Caliber.30-06 Springfield
MagazineInternal magazine fed by 8 round clips
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length610 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity853 m/s
StockFixed
Length1.105 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight5.3 kg
SightsIron sights, barleycorn front and aperture rear, optical sight
Remarks-

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