Firearms / Assault rifles / MAS 36

MAS 36

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Bolt-action rifle

  • ORIGIN
    France

  • NICKNAMES
    -

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1930's

  • DESIGNER
    Manufacture d'Armes de St. Etienne

  • PRODUCTION
    1936 - 1940's? 1939 - 1953 (CR39)

  • PRODUCERS
    France - MAS

  • QUANTITY
    About 6.000 CR39

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Rugged and reliable
    Limited size
    Good accuracy
    Limited rate of fire
    Expensive to produce

Introduction

The MAS 36 is a bolt action rifle of French origin. The MAS 36 was designed in the early 1930's to replace the older Lebel and Berthier rifles and carbines in French service. The MAS 36 is regarded as one of the best bolt action rifles as its design features many best practices of other rifles. The design of the MAS 36 lives on in the post World War 2 FR-F1 sniper rifle that uses the same bolt design.

Design

The MAS 36 is a bolt action rifle with a conventional layout. It is a relatively compact rifle with a length between that of a full size rifle and a carbine. Many features of older designs have been incorporated. The bolt locking is similar to that of the Lee Enfield, the bolt design and sights are patterned after the M1917 and the 5 round clip fed internal magazine is also used on Mauser rifles. The MAS 36 has no safety. A spike bayonet is carried under the barrel and

Firepower

The MAS 36 fires the French 7.5x54mm round from a 5 round internal box magazine. Clips are used to reload the magazine. As a bolt action rifle the MAS 36 has a limited rate of fire, but is capable of good accuracy. The maximum effective range is about 350 meters, mostly due to the limitations of using iron sights beyond that range. Some MAS 36 were fitted with optical sights to serve as sniper rifles before the FR-F1 was introduced. Later versions of the MAS 36 are able to launch rifle grenades.

Users

The MAS 36 was the standard issue rifle for French forces during World War 2, although due to budget constaints older weapons remained in use. After the war the MAS 36 was supplemented by the self-loading MAS 49 and the MAS 36 became a second line weapon. The MAS 36 was also widely exported to ex-French colonies. Nowadays the MAS 36 is obsolete but often remains in use as a ceremonial weapon.

Variants

MAS 36

The MAS 36 is a modern bolt action rifle. The standard MAS 36 version was the most produced model. There is no carbine model since the full size MAS 36 is not that long and cumbersome.

TypeBolt action rifle
Caliber7.5x54mm French
Magazine5 round internal magazine
OperationBolt action
Fire selector1
Rate of fireBolt action
Barrel length575 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 270 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity850 m/s
StockFixed
Length1020 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.72 kg empty, 4.02 kg loaded with bayonet
SightsIron sights, 588 mm sight radius
Remarks-

MAS 36 CR39

The MAS 36 CR39 was designed for the cavalry and was later used by airborne forces. The CR39 features an aluminum folding stock and a shorter forearm and barrel. The stock is hollow and folds over the receiver.

TypeBolt action rifle
Caliber7.5x54mm French
Magazine5 round internal magazine
OperationBolt action
Fire selector1
Rate of fireBolt action
Barrel length450 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 270 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity775 m/s
StockFoldable
Length883 mm / 625 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.75 kg empty, 3.88 kg with bayonet, 4.13 kg loaded with bayonet
SightsIron sights, 490 mm sight radius
Remarks-

MAS 36/51

The MAS 36 LG48 is a version that is able to launch French 48mm grenades. The MAS 36/51 is the most common grenade launching version. The MAS 36/51 is able to launch NATO standard 22mm rifle grenades. To be able to do so the end of the barrel is reshaped and a grenade launching sight is fitted.

TypeBolt action rifle
Caliber7.5x54mm French
Magazine5 round internal magazine
OperationBolt action
Fire selector1
Rate of fireBolt action
Barrel length?
Rifling4 grooves, 270 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
StockFixed
Length?
Width?
Height?
Weight3.84 kg empty, 4.14 kg loaded with bayonet
SightsIron sights, folding ladder sight for grenades
RemarksAble to launch 48mm French rifle grenades
TypeBolt action rifle
Caliber7.5x54mm French
Magazine5 round internal magazine
OperationBolt action
Fire selector1
Rate of fireBolt action
Barrel length620 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 270 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity865 m/s
StockFixed
Length1065 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight4.13 kg empty, 4.43 kg loaded with bayonet
SightsIron sights, folding ladder sight for grenades
RemarksAble to launch 22mm NATO standard rifle grenades

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