Firearms / Assault rifles / PM md. 63

PM md. 63

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Assault rifle

  • ORIGIN
    Romania

  • NICKNAMES
    Pistol Mitraliera model 1963 (Romanian service)
    AIM (export designation for PM md 63)
    AIMS (export designation for PM md 65)
    AKM-63 (nickname for PM md 63)
    AKM-65 (nickname for PM md 65)

    Civilian sales:
    Romak 1
    Romak 991
    SAR-1
    WASR-10
    WUM-1

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1960's

  • DESIGNER
    Cugir arsenal (based on AKM design)

  • PRODUCTION
    1963 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Romania - Cugir arsenal (RATMIL / ROMARM)

  • QUANTITY
    Several million

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good firepower
    Rugged and reliable
    Limited production costs
    Ergonomic forward grip
    Rather heavy
    Limited accuracy and range
    Reasonable quality

Introduction

The PM md. 63 is an early Cold War era assault rifle of Romanian origin. The design is based on the Soviet AKM rifle and it can be considered a licence produced version. Romanian Kalashnikovs can generally be identified by their wooden vertical grip.

Design

The PM md. 63 can be considered a direct clone of the AKM as it differs only in minor details. The most distinguishing feature is the wooden vertical grip. Several variants of the PM md. 63 have been produced, including a light machine gun. Late production models feature a wire frame folding stock derived from the East German MPiKMS-72 design.

Firepower

The PM md. 63 fires the 7.62x39mm round from a 30 round magazine. The cyclic rate of fire is about 600 rpm. The maximum effective range is about 300 meters for the PM md. 63 assault rifle and 500 meters for the PM md. 64 light machine gun.

Users

The PM md. 63 and its variants were the foremost Romanian infantry weapons during the Cold War. Over 400.000 have been acquired by Romanian forces. The PM md. 63 is one of the most widely exported Kalashnikov variants. It is a common weapon in the Middle East, Asia and Africa. Many remain in use today.

Variants

PM md. 63

PM md. 63: Fixed stock model with wooden stock and forward pointing wooden handguard.
PM md. 65: Folding stock model with metal underfolding stock similar to AKS-47. The forward grip points rearwards in order for the stock to fold around it.
PM md. 90: Improved folding stock version with East German type wire folding stock. The forward grip points forward since it does not have to accomodate the stock.
PM md. 90 carbine: Carbine version of the PM md.90 with shorter barrel and conventional straight handguard.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x39mm Soviet
Magazine30 round box
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length415 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 240 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity715 m/s
StockFixed
Length870 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.45 kg empty
SightsIron sights, hooded post front and U-notch rear, 100 to 1.000 m gradation per 100 m
Remarks-
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x39mm Soviet
Magazine30 round box
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length415 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 240 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity715 m/s
StockFoldable
Length870 mm / 640 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.20 kg empty
SightsIron sights, hooded post front and U-notch rear, 100 to 1.000 m gradation per 100 m
Remarks-
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x39mm Soviet
Magazine30 round box
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length415 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 240 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity715 m/s
StockFoldable
Length870 mm / 675 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.15 kg empty
SightsIron sights, hooded post front and U-notch rear, 100 to 1.000 m gradation per 100 m
Remarks-
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x39mm Soviet
Magazine30 round box
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-3-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length305 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 240 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity655 m/s
StockFoldable
Length805 mm / 605 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.0 kg empty
SightsIron sights, hooded post front and U-notch rear, 100 to 500 m gradation per 100 m
Remarks-

PM md. 64

PM md. 64: Romanian equivalent to the RPK based on the PM md. 63 rifle. It has a longer barrel, bipod and straight handguard.
PM md. 91: Romanian equivalent to the RPKS by adding a metal wire folding stock to the PM md. 64.

TypeLight machine gun
Caliber7.62x39mm Soviet
Magazine30, 40 round box, 75 round drum
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length590 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 240 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity730 m/s
StockFixed
Length1.035 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight4.65 kg empty
SightsIron sights, hooded post front and U-notch rear, 560 mm sight radius
RemarksBipod

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