Firearms / Assault rifles / PM md. 86

PM md. 86

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Assault rifle

  • ORIGIN
    Romania

  • NICKNAMES
    Pistol Mitraliera model 1986 (Romanian service)
    AIMS-74 (export designation)

    Civilian sales:
    AR 2
    CUR-2
    Intrac Mk II
    Romak 2
    Romak 992
    WASR 2
    WUM-2

  • DESIGNED
    Mid 1980's

  • DESIGNER
    Cugir arsenal

  • PRODUCTION
    1986 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Romania - Cugir arsenal (RATMIL / ROMARM)

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Limited production costs
    Limited recoil
    Low production costs
    Improved accuracy over PM md. 63
    Ergonomic forward grip
    Reasonable production quality

Introduction

The PM md. 86 is a late Cold War era assault rifle of Romanian origin. It is the Romanian equivalent to the Soviet AK-74. The design is based on the PM md. 63, which is the Romanian production model of the well known Soviet AKM.

Design

In essence the PM md. 86 is nothing more than a PM md. 63 chambered in 5.45x39mm that is fitted with a metal wire folding stock and a flash hider. The PM md. 86 retains the AK-47 style 45 degree gas block design and only comes with wooden furniture. A light machine gun variant and carbine variant have been developed as well.

Firepower

The PM md. 86 fires the 5.45x39mm round from a 30 round magazine. The cyclic rate of fire is about 600 rpm and a three round burst option has been added. The maximum effective range is about 400 meters for the rifle variant and 600 meters for the light machine gun.

Users

The PM md. 86 assault rifle and PM md. 89 light machine gun are used by Romania. They are available for export in 5.45x39mm Soviet and 5.56x45mm NATO. Foreign use is limited as the original 7.62x39mm round remains more common in most parts of the world.

Variants

PM md. 86

PM md. 86: A PM md. 63 chambered for 5.45x49mm round. It can be easily distingduised from the Soviet AK-74 by its different gas block angle, forward grip and wire framestock.
PM md. 90: Carbine version of the PM md.86 with shorter barrel and conventional straight handguard.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.45x39mm Soviet
Magazine30 round box
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-3-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length415 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 195 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity880 m/s
StockFoldable
Length940 mm / 735 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.15 kg empty
SightsIron sights, hooded post front and U-notch rear, 100 to 1.000 m gradation per 100 m
Remarks-
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.45x39mm Soviet
Magazine30 round box
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-3-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length302 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 195 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity790 m/s
StockFoldable
Length805 mm / 605 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight2.9 kg empty
SightsIron sights, hooded post front and U-notch rear, 100 to 500 m gradation per 100 m
Remarks-

PM md. 89

PM md. 89: Romanian equivalent to the RPK-74, but based on the PM md. 86 rifle. It can be distinguished from the RPK-74 by the different gas block angle.
PM md. 93: Romanian equivalent to the RPKS-74 by adding a metal wire folding stock to the PM md. 89.

TypeLight machine gun
Caliber5.45x39mm Soviet
Magazine30, 40 round box
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-3-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length590 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 195 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity910 m/s
StockFixed
Length1.080 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight5.10 kg empty
SightsIron sights, hooded post front and U-notch rear, 560 mm sight radius
RemarksBipod

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