Firearms / Assault rifles / IWI Tavor

IWI Tavor

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Assault rifle

  • ORIGIN
    Israel

  • NICKNAMES
    TAR-21
    X-95 (nickname for MTAR)
    Zittara (India)

  • DESIGNED
    1991 - 1998

  • DESIGNER
    Israel Military Industries

  • PRODUCTION
    1999 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Brazil - Taurus
    Israel - IWI
    Ukaine - RPC Fort
    United States - Barrett

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Rugged and reliable
    Very ergonomic
    Teething problems in early models
    Right hand use only

Introduction

The Tavor is an assault rifle of Israeli origin. It was developed in the 1990's by Israel Military Industries to eventually replace the M16 in Israeli service, although development continued until the mid 2000's in order to refine the weapon. The Tavor is also known as the TAR-21, which stands for Tavor Assault Rifle of the 21st century. The name Tavor is derived from Mount Tavor in Israel. The Tavor is considered one of the most futuristic and capable assault rifles, although its bullpup design does not appeal to all.

Design

The Tavor is a bullpup assault rifle, meaning that the magazine is placed behind the trigger unit, resulting in a shorter overall length. It has both futuristic and very conventional features. The Tavor uses a long stroke gas system and rotating bolt with the piston positioned above the barrel. The body is made out of high strength polymer and serves as a sort of exoskeleton to hold all the internal parts. Optics are the primary means of targeting and early versions had no iron sights. The fire selector is ambidextrous and a standard or oversized trigger guard is fitted. Several versions have been derived from the basic design, most of which only differ in barrel length and accessories. The Micro Tavor also has a different body and can be converted to fire the 9x19mm round.

Firepower

The Tavor fires the 5.56x45mm NATO round from 30 round STANAG magazines. It is a select fire rifle with a cyclic rate of fire of 750 to 900 rpm. The effective range for the full size rifle is 400 meters, although targets at longer range may be engaged when magnifying optics are used. With the center of gravity close to the shoulder engaging targets nearby is faster, although aiming at distance is somewhat harder. The Micro Tavor can also be converted to fire the 9x19mm NATO round from Uzi magazines, in which case a silencer is often fitted.

Users

The first and foremost user of the Tavor is the Israeli military. The Tavor is in use with various units and the Micro Tavor is destined to become the new standard issue assault rifle. The Tavor has also been exported to various nations in Asia and South America.

Variants

MTAR-21

The MTAR-21, also known as Micro Tavor, Tavor 2 and X-95, can be considered the only true variant of the Tavor since all other versions can be derived from the full size model. The MTAR-21 has a somewhat different body, round forearm and much shorter barrel. A conversion kit for firing the 9x19mm round is available and includes a new barrel, magazien adaptor, Uzi magazines and a silencer.

TypeSub machine gun
Caliber5.56x45mm NATO
Magazine20, 30 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, closed bolt position, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire700 - 1.000 rpm
Barrel length330 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 178 mm twist
Muzzle velocity860 m/s
StockFixed
Length580 mm
Width?
Height220 mm
Weight2.98 kg empty
SightsBackup iron sights, post front and aperture rear, normally fitted with optical sights such as MARS and MEPRO 21
Remarks-
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine20, 25, 32 rounds
OperationBlowback operated, closed bolt position
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire750 - 1.200 rpm
Barrel length330 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 254 mm twist
Muzzle velocity400 m/s
StockFixed
Length580 mm
Width?
Height220 mm
Weight2.94 kg empty
SightsBackup iron sights, post front and aperture rear, normally fitted with optical sights such as MARS and MEPRO 21
Remarks-
TypeSub machine gun
Caliber9x19mm Parabellum
Magazine20, 25, 32 rounds
OperationBlowback operated, closed bolt position
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire750 - 1.200 rpm
Barrel length230 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 254 mm twist
Muzzle velocity280 m/s
StockFixed
Length850 mm
Width?
Height220 mm
Weight3.25 kg empty
SightsBackup iron sights, post front and aperture rear, normally fitted with optical sights such as MARS and MEPRO 21
RemarksIntegrated silencer

CTAR-21

The CTAR-21, also known as Tavor Commando, is a slightly more compact version of the full size Tavor. The only thing that makes the CTAR-21 different is the shorter barrel, all other components are identical to the full size Tavor.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm NATO
Magazine20, 30 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, closed bolt position, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire700 - 1.000 rpm
Barrel length380 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 178 mm twist
Muzzle velocity890 m/s
StockFixed
Length640 mm
Width?
Height220 mm
Weight3.23 kg empty
SightsBackup iron sights, post front and aperture rear, normally fitted with optical sights such as MARS and MEPRO 21
Remarks-

TAR-21

The TAR-21 is the standard version of the Tavor. By changing some of the components it can be converted to any version, except for the Micro Tavor. The TAR-21 is usually fitted with the MEPRO 21 or MARS reflex sights.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm NATO
Magazine20, 30 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, closed bolt position, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire700 - 1.000 rpm
Barrel length460 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 178 mm twist
Muzzle velocity920 m/s
StockFixed
Length725 mm
Width?
Height220 mm
Weight3.33 kg empty
SightsBackup iron sights, post front and aperture rear, normally fitted with optical sights such as MARS and MEPRO 21
Remarks-

GTAR-21

The GTAR-21, also known as Tavor Grenade launcher, is a TAR-21 fitted with underbarrel grenade launcher and associated sights. In Israeli service the M203 is use. In order to mount it an extension must be fitted instead of the flash hider. In Indian service the Turkish T-40 grenade launcher is used which replaces the forearm and covers the barrel.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm NATO
Magazine20, 30 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, closed bolt position, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire700 - 1.000 rpm
Barrel length460 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 178 mm twist
Muzzle velocity920 m/s
StockFixed
Length853 mm
Width?
Height220 mm
Weight5.5 kg empty incl M203
SightsBackup iron sights, post front and aperture rear, normally fitted with optical sights such as MARS and MEPRO 21
RemarksM203 grenade launcher

STAR-21

The STAR-21, also known as Tavor Sniper, is a designated marksman version of the TAR-21. The STAR-21 basically is the same weapon as the TAR-21, but is fitted with a bipod and magnifying optics. The ACOG 4x sight is most common, but the Picatinny accessory rail allows many kinds of optics to be installed.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm NATO
Magazine20, 30 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, closed bolt position, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire700 - 1.000 rpm
Barrel length460 mm
Rifling6 grooves, 178 mm twist
Muzzle velocity920 m/s
StockFixed
Length725 mm
Width?
Height220 mm
Weight4.73 kg empty incl bipod and scope
SightsBackup iron sights, post front and aperture rear, normally fitted with optical sights such as ACOG
RemarksBipod

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