Firearms / Assault rifles / Type 81

Type 81

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Assault rifle

  • ORIGIN
    China

  • NICKNAMES
    BD-08 / Bangladesh-2008 (Bangladesh production)
    Q112 (export designation)

  • DESIGNED
    1971

  • DESIGNER
    NORINCO

  • PRODUCTION
    Early 1980's - present

  • PRODUCERS
    - Bangladesh - Bangladesh Ordnance Factories
    China - NORINCO

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    More accurate than Type 56
    Rugged and reliable
    More expensive than Type 56
    Crude finish

Introduction

The Type 81 is an assault rifle of Chinese origin. It was developed to replace the earlier Type 56, which is a clone of the Soviet AK-47. The Type 81 contains design features from both the AK-47 assault rifle and the SVD sniper rifle. In the form of the Type 87 prototype the design served as a testbed for the 5.8x42mm round.

Design

The Type 81 has a conventional layout and looks like an elongated AK-47. It uses the short stroke gas piston design of the SVD instead of the long stroke gas piston found in most AK-47 derivatives. The Type 81 has both a longer barrel and receiver than the AK-47, as is evident by the gap between the trigger guard and the magazine.

Firepower

The Type 81 fires the 7.62x39mm round from 30 round magazines. It is able to fire semi-automatically or fully automatic at a cyclic rate of fire of 650 rounds per minute. The light machine gun variant is also issued with 75 round drum magazines. The Type 81 is claimed to be more accurate than the AK-47 it was derived of. The Type 81 is able to fire rifle grenades.

Users

The Type 81 was adopted as the principal assault rifle of the Chinese forces in 1981, but was fielded in quantity in the late 1980's. In frontline service the it has been replaced by the QBZ-95, but it remains in widespread use by secondary and reserve forces.

Variants

Type 81 assault rifle

The Type 81 is the standard rifle version and is fitted with a fixed stock. The Type 81-I is similar except for the folding stock, which is of a similar design as the one on the Type 56-2.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x39mm Soviet
Magazine30 rounds
OperationGas operated, short stroke gas piston
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire650 rpm
Barrel length445 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity750 m/s
StockFixed
Length955 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.5 kg
SightsIron sights
Remarks-
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber7.62x39mm Soviet
Magazine30 rounds
OperationGas operated, short stroke gas piston
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire650 rpm
Barrel length445 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity750 m/s
StockFoldable
Length955 mm / 750 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.4 kg
SightsIron sights
Remarks-

Type 81 machine gun

The Type 81 machine gun is a light machine gun derived from the Type 81 rifle. It is fitted with a fixed longer and thicker barrel, a bipod, carrying handle and heavier wooden stock. It has a slightly higher rate of fire than the Type 81 rifle and feeds from 75 round drum or standard 30 round magazines.

TypeLight support weapon
Caliber7.62x39mm Soviet
Magazine75 round drum
OperationGas operated, short stroke gas piston
Fire selector0-F
Rate of fire720 rpm
Barrel length520 mm
Rifling4 grooves, 240 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity735 m/s
StockFixed
Length1.004 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight5.15 kg
SightsIron sights
RemarksFixed bipod

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