Firearms / Assault rifles / Howa Type 89

Howa Type 89

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Assault rifle

  • ORIGIN
    Japan

  • NICKNAMES
    Buddy (nickname in Japanese service)
    Type 89 Para (nickname for Type 89-F)

  • DESIGNED
    1980's

  • DESIGNER
    Defense Agency Technical Research and Development Institute

  • PRODUCTION
    1989 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Japan - Howa

  • QUANTITY
    Over 120.000 produced

  • UNIT COST
    400.000 Yen in 1989
    347.000 Yen in 1998
    338.800 Yen in 2005

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good accuracy
    Bipod fitted as standard
    Rather heavy
    Expensive

Introduction

The Type 89 is a late Cold War era assault rifle of Japanese origin. It was developed as a cheaper and lighter alternative to the Type 64 battle rifle. The mild recoil of the 5.56mm round suits Japanese posture and allows for more ammunition to be carried.

Design

The design of the Type 89 is based on the Armalite AR-18, but differs in many areas. It is a gas operated weapon with a rotating bolt. The Type 89 is made out of stamped steel an featues a polymer pistol grip, forearm and buttstock. The Type 89 is NATO compatible, firing the 5.56mm round and using STANAG magazines. Japanese magazines feature hole to indicate the amount of ammunition that is left.

Firepower

The Type 89 fires the 5.56x45mm NATO round from 30 round magazines. The trigger group features both a 3 round burst and full automatic setting. The rate of fire is about 750 rpm. Accuracy is reported to be good and maximum effective range is given as 400 meters. The Type 89 is also able to fire the Type 06 rifle grenade. An under barrel grenade launcher cannot be fitted.

Users

The Type 89 is the standard issue assault rifle in Japanese service. It has replaced the older Type 64 battle rifle in frontline units. Small number are in use with selected law enforcement units. The Type 89 has not been exported in line with the strict Japanese laws on the export of military equipment.

Variants

Type 89

The Type 89 is a modern assault rifle with conventional looks. It can be easily identified by the forearm which is partly metal and partly polymer. All Type 89 are fitted with a foldable bipod. Optics can be fitted using various kinds of adapters or rails, but are not very common. The Type 89 cannot be fitted with an under barrel grenade launcher, but is able to launch the Type 06 rifle grenade from the muzzle.

Type 89: Baseline model with fixed stock. By far the most common version of the Type 89.
Type 89-F: Type 89 with side folding stock. Issued to paratroopers and incorrectly nicknamed Type 89 Para.

TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm NATO
Magazine30 rounds
OperationGas operated, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-3-F
Rate of fire750 rpm
Barrel length420 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity920 m/s
StockFixed
Length916 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight3.5 kg
SightsIron sights, optional accessory rail for optics
RemarksBipod
TypeAssault rifle
Caliber5.56x45mm NATO
Magazine30 rounds
OperationGas operated, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-3-F
Rate of fire750 rpm
Barrel length420 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity920 m/s
StockFoldable
Length0.9 m / 0.67 m
Width?
Height?
Weight3.5 kg
SightsIron sights, optional accessory rail for optics
RemarksBipod

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