Firearms / Sniper rifles / Barrett M82

Barrett M82

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Anti-materiel rifle

  • ORIGIN
    United States

  • NICKNAMES
    Barrett Light Fifty (popular nickname)
    12.8 TKIV 2000 (Finland)
    Ag 90 (Sweden)
    G82 (German designation for M107)
    L82A1 (United Kingdom)
    M82A3 (USMC designation for M82A1M)
    Special Applications Scoped Rifle / SASR (US military designation)

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1980's

  • DESIGNER
    Ronnie Barrett

  • PRODUCTION
    1986 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    United States - Barrett

  • QUANTITY
    Over 10.000 in 2005

  • UNIT COST
    About $ 9.800 in 2007

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Long range
    Semi-automatic
    Limited recoil
    Very heavy and cumbersome

Introduction

The M82 is an anti-materiel rifle of US origin. It was developed by Barrett in the early 1980's and the first anti-materiel rifle to be widely adopted. It is mostly used as a long range anti-material rifle and is also effective against personnel.

Design

The M82 is a short recoil operated semi-automatic weapon. The design follows a straight line principle with the barrel, receiver and shoulder stock in line. The fluted heavy barrel is free floating and recoils upon firing. A very effective multi-slotted muzzle brake is fitted.

Firepower

The M82 is a semi-automatic weapon that fires the 12.7x99mm NATO round from a 10 round magazine. Accuracy is within 3 MOA and can be below 1 MOA with match ammunition. The maximum effective range is quoted to be 1.8 km. The effective range of the M107CQ is 600 m.

Users

The main user of the M82 is the US military. The M82 has also been widely exported, mainly to Western nations. It probably is the most produced and most widely used .50 caliber rifle in the world.

Variants

M82A1

The M82A1 is a large and highly effective sniper rifle that fires the larger 12.7x99mm round. The earliest versions had a smaller round muzzle brake, production quickly changed to the large and highly effective square multi slotted muzzle brake. The M82A1 is the base version and has a dedicated scope mount. The M82A1M has a accessory rail over the full length of the receiver allowing various optics to be fitted at any desirable position. The M82A1A is modified for Raufoss Mk 211 incendiary ammunition.

TypeAnti-materiel rifle
Caliber12.7x99mm NATO
Magazine10 rounds
OperationShort recoil, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length737 mm
Rifling8 grooves, 381 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity853 m/s
StockFixed
Length1.448 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight12.9 kg empty
SightsBackup iron sights, 10x scope
RemarksBipod fitted as standard

M82A2

The M82A2 is a bullpup derivative of the M82A1. It also featured a recoil reduction system allowing it to be fired from the shoulder at helicopters. M82A2 was produced in very small numbers and production has ceased .

TypeAnti-materiel rifle
Caliber12.7x99mm NATO
Magazine10 rounds
OperationShort recoil, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length737 mm
Rifling8 grooves, 381 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity900 m/s
StockFixed
Length1.409 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight14.75 kg
SightsBackup iron sights, 10x scope
RemarksBipod fitted as standard

M107

The M107 is fairly similar to the M82A1M. It has a longer sight rail and a redesigned stock assembly with a hand grip and integrated monopod. The M107 is often produced in a tanned finish for desert use. The M107CQ is a shorter version of the M107. CQ stands for Close Quarters. This means that the M107CQ is less cumbersome in close quarters, not that it is to be used for close quarters combat.

TypeAnti-materiel rifle
Caliber12.7x99mm NATO
Magazine10 rounds
OperationShort recoil, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length737 mm
Rifling8 grooves, 381 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity853 m/s
StockFixed
Length1.45 m
Width?
Height?
Weight12.9 kg empty
SightsBackup iron sights, 10x scope
RemarksBipod fitted as standard
TypeAnti-materiel rifle
Caliber12.7x99mm NATO
Magazine10 rounds
OperationShort recoil, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1
Rate of fireSemi-automatic
Barrel length508 mm
Rifling8 grooves, 381 mm right hand twist
Muzzle velocity?
StockFixed
Length1.25 m
Width?
Height?
Weight11.1 kg without scope
SightsBackup iron sights, 10x scope
RemarksBipod fitted as standard

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