Firearms / Sniper rifles / VSS Vintorez

VSS Vintorez

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Silenced sniper rifle

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Vintorez, thread cutter (Russian nickname)
    6P29 (GRAU designation)

  • DESIGNED
    Mid 1980's - late 1980's

  • DESIGNER
    TsNIITochMash

  • PRODUCTION
    1987 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Russia - TOZ
    USSR - TOZ

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Powerful and armor piercing ability
    Rugged and reliable
    Very limited noise and muzzle flash
    Functions similar to AK-47
    Secondary role as assault rifle
    Limited magazine capacity
    Expensive ammunition
    Difficult to control automatic fire
    Limited effective range

Introduction

The VSS Vintorez is a silenced sniper rifle of Soviet origin. It is a unique weapon that was conceived in the 1980's to silently engage armored targets out to 400 m. The name VSS stands for Vintovka Snayperskaya Spetsialnaya, which is Russian for special sniper rifle. The nickname Val means thread cutter. The VSS stems from the same project as the AS Val silenced assault rifle and has a 70% parts commonality.

Design

The VSS is based on a Kalashnikov receiver that is modified to fire the 9x39mm round. The gas mechanism allows for both semi-automatic and automatic fire. The most striking feature of the AS Val is the long integrated silencer with small polymer forearm. A fixed wooden stock is fitted. The PSO-1 4x scope is fitted as standard although other optics and the iron sights may be used instead.

Firepower

The AS Val fires the powerful subsonic 9x39mm round that was specifically designed for this weapon. 10 round magazines are most common, although the 20 and 30 round magazines from the AS Val en SR-3M may be used as well. The fire selector allows for semi-automatic fire and automatic fire at 900 rpm. The maximum effective range is 400 meters, although 200 to 300 meters is the practical range.

Users

The VSS is used by various reconnaissance and special elements of the Russian armed forces. It has also been adopted by various law enforcement and internal security units. In various recent internal conflicts the VSS proved to be very suitable for urban and night time combat.

Variants

VSS Vintorez

The VSS Vintorez is a silenced sniper rifle. It is produced in only one version, although the AS Val silenced assault rifle may be considered a variants since it has a 70% parts commonality. The VSS is easily identified by the long integraded silencer, box magazine and fixed wooden stock. Most of the time the PSO-1 4x scope is fitted.

TypeSniper rifle
Caliber9x39mm Soviet
Magazine10, 20, 30 rounds
OperationGas operated, long stroke gas piston, rotating bolt
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire800 - 900 rpm
Barrel length200 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity290 m/s
StockFixed
Length894 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight2.6 kg empty without scope, 3.41 empty with PSO-1 sight
SightsIron sights, PSO-1 scope, optional night vision sight
RemarksIntegral silencer

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