Firearms / Machine guns / Norinco QJY88

Norinco QJY88

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    China

  • NICKNAMES
    Type 88

  • DESIGNED
    Late 1980’s

  • DESIGNER
    Norinco

  • PRODUCTION
    Late 1990’s - present?

  • PRODUCERS
    China - Norinco

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Limited recoil due to high weight
    Ability to mount optics
    Limited range and lethality for medium MG
    Heavy, large and bulky for infantry use

Introduction

The QJY88 is a modern machine gun of Chinese origin. It was developed in the late 1980's as a replacement for the old Type 67 machine guns in Chinese service. The QJY88 is an unconventional weapon in the sense that it is a heavy weapon that uses and intermediate power caliber. In practice it proved too heavy for infantry use, while lacking the firepower of a true medium machine gun.

Design

The QJY88 is a general purpose machine gun in a light machine gun caliber. It is much heavier than Western counterparts chambered for an intermediate caliber. The design is conventional in being gas operated and using a long stroke gas system. A plastic shoulder stock, pistol grip and handguard are fitted. A bipod and carrying handle are fitted as standard. Optics and a tripod mount are optional.

Firepower

The QJY88 fires the heavy load version of the 5.8x42mm Chinese round. The 200 rounds belts are fed from left to right and are usually carried in a box attached to the weapon. The cyclic rate of fire is 650 to 700 rpm. The quick change barrel system allows for sustained fire. The maximum range from the bipod is 500 to 600 meters and 800 to 1.000 meters when mounted on a tripod.

Users

The QJY88 is only used by the Chinese army. It is also in limited use with the People's Armed Police. The QJY88 is believed to be unpopular due to its weight and limited performance.

Variants

QJY88

QJY-88: The QJY88 is produced only in a single variant. The QJY88 is fitted with a foldable bipod for infantry use and can be fitted on a tripod or vehicle for use from fixed positions. Optical and night vision sights are optional.

TypeMachine gun
Caliber5.8x42mm Chinese
MagazineBelt fed, 100, 200 rounds
OperationGas operated
Fire selector0-F
Rate of fire650 - 700 rpm
Barrel length600 mm
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity895 m/s
StockFixed
Length1.151 mm (on bipod), 1.321 mm (on tripod)
Width?
Height?
Weight7.6 kg (on bipod), 11.8 kg (on tripod)
SightsIron sights, optional optical sights
RemarksFixed foldable bipod, optional tripod

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