Infantry weapons / Grenades / RGD-5

RGD-5

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Hand grenade

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Type 59 (Chinese production)

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1950's

  • DESIGNER
    Soviet state arsenals

  • PRODUCTION
    1954 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Bulgaria (RGD-5, RGN-86)
    China (RGD-5)
    East Germany (RGD-5)
    Georgia (RGD-5)
    Poland (RGD-5)
    Russia (RGD-5, RGN-86)
    USSR (RGD-5, RGN-86)

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Low production costs
    Fragments do not pierce body armor

Introduction

The RGD-5 is a offensive hand grenade of Soviet origin. It was developed in the early 1950's to replace all World War 2 vintage offensive hand grenades in service. The name RGD-5 stands for Ruchnaya Granata Degtyareva, which is Russian for Degtyarev hand grenade. The RGD-5 has been produced under license by various nations.

Design

The RGD-5 has an ovoid body which consists of two parts that have been joined in the middle. An UZRGM time delayed fuze with spoon is fitted. Later developments include the RGO-78 with steel balls that result in more lethal fragments and the RGN-86 with an aluminum body that is better suited as an offensive grenade.

Firepower

The RGD-5 is filled with TNT and the steel body will turn into splinters. The lethal radius in 3 meters and fragments may reach out to 25 meters. The RGO-78 has a much larger lethal radius as it produces more lethal fragments that also retain their energy over a longer distance. The RGN-86 produces hardly any lethal fragments outside its 4.5 m lethal radius.

Users

The RGD-5 is one of the most common grenades in the world and was acquired in large quantities by Soviet forces, Warsaw Pact nations and nations receiving Soviet aid. Nowadays many RGD-5 grenades remain in active use. The RGO-78 and RGN-86 are not nearly as common but still in widespread use.

Variants

RGD-5

The RGD-5 is an offensive grenade with such a fragmentation radius that makes it also suitable for defensive purposes. A vast majority of the RGD-5 grenades is fitted with the UZRGM fuze.
RGD-5: Only a single version of the lethal RGD-5 exists although it can also be found with the more modern DVM-78 fuze.
Type 59: Chinese model with slightly heavier body resulting more lethal fragments which also reduce its offensive usefulness.
URG-N: Practice model of the RGD-5. Throwing dummies have also been produced.

TypeDefensive hand grenade
Diameter57 mm
Length114 mm
Weight0.310 kg
FuseUZRGM, 3.2 to 4.2 second delay
Filling110 g TNT, prefragmented steel body
Effect3 m lethal radius, 20 - 25 m casualty radius
VelocityHand thrown
RangeHand thrown, up to 40 m
Remarks-
TypeDefensive hand grenade
Diameter58 mm
Length118 mm
Weight0.350 kg
FuseUZRGM copy, 3.5 to 4.5 second delay
Filling110 g TNT, prefragmented steel body
Effect?
VelocityHand thrown
RangeHand thrown
Remarks-

RGO-78

The RGO-78 is a dedicated defensive version of the RGD-5. It contains less explosive and has a much thicker prefragmented steel body.
RGO-78: Only a single live version of the RGN-86 exists, although it can in theory be fitted with the older UZRGM fuze.
RGO-1M: Practice grenade with similar weight, size, flash and noise. Does not produce any harmful effects.

TypeDefensive hand grenade
Diameter60 mm
Length97 mm
Weight0.450 kg
FuseDVM-78, 3.2 to 4 second delay
Filling85 g TNT, prefragmented steel body, 850 steel balls
Effect20 m casualty radius
VelocityHand thrown
RangeHand thrown, 30 to 45 m
Remarks-

RGN-86

The RGN-86 can be considered a more modern version of the RGD-5. The RGN-86 is fitted with the more modern DVM-78 fuze and is better suited as an offensive grenade since it has a prefragmentated aluminum body. The aluminum shrapnel loses its lethality quickly resulting in limited injuries beyond the lethal range.
RGN-86: Only a single live version of the RGN-86 exists, although it can in theory be fitted with the older UZRGM fuze.
RGN-1M: Practice grenade with similar weight, size, flash and noise. Does not produce any harmful effects.

TypeOffensive hand grenade
Diameter61 mm
Length96 mm
Weight0.265 kg
FuseDVM-78, 3.2 to 4 second delay
Filling57 g TNT, prefragmented aluminum body
Effect4.5 m lethal radius
VelocityHand thrown
RangeHand thrown, 30 to 35 m
Remarks-

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