Infantry weapons / Grenade launchers / AGS-17

AGS-17

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Automatic grenade launcher

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Plamya (Russian nickname)
    TKB-722K (early development name for AGS-30)
    AGL-30 (Bulgarian production)
    BGA 30 (Serbian production AGS-17)
    M93 (Serbian production AGS-17)
    30 KrKK AGS-17 (Finnish military designation)

  • DESIGNED
    1967 - 1969

  • DESIGNER
    OKB-16 (KPB Tula)

  • PRODUCTION
    1971 - present (AGS-17)
    1994 - present (AGS-30)

  • PRODUCERS
    Bulgaria - Arsenal
    China - Norinco
    Russia - KBP Tula
    Serbia - Zastava
    USSR - KBP Tula

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good reliability
    Good range
    Limited weight
    Average firepower

Introduction

The AGS-17 is an automatic grenade launcher of Soviet origin. It was designed in the late 1960's due to experiences with the US automatic grenade launchers in Vietnam. Such a weapon was thought to be an excellent weapon to fight off the waves of Chinese infantry as experienced in the earlier Sino-Soviet border conflict. AGS stands for Avtomatischeskyi Granatmyot Stankovyi, which is Russian for . It is also kwown under the nickname Plamya, which is Russian for flame.

Design

The AGS-17 is a blowback operated weapon that fires the 30mm grenades from 30 round belts. The rifled barrel features cooling ribs and can be changed quickly. The belts are held in a metal drum and feed from right to left. Most AGS-17 are fitted on a foldable tripod. Iron sights and an optical sight are fitted. A special model has been developed for use on helicopters.

Firepower

The AGS-17 fires 30x28mm grenades from 30 round belts. The AGS-17 is a select-fire weapon with a cyclic rate of fire is 350 to 400 rounds per minute. The helicopter model has an increased rate of fire of 420 to 500 rpm. The maximum effective range is 1.7 km.

Users

The AGS-17 was widely used by Soviet forces and remains in widespread use today. The AGS-17 was also exported to most Soviet allies. It is a common weapon in the Middle East, Asia, Africa and South America.

Variants

AGS-17

The AGS-17 is the orignal model of the AGS-17 family. It is mounted on a tripod and can be fitted on vehicles as well, although this is uncommon. The AG-17A is a derivative developed for use on helicopters. It has a heavier barrel, increased rate of fire and is solenoid fired. The AG-17A is also used on various armored vehicles. The AG-17A is usually fed by a 300 round belt. The AGS-17 has been replaced in production by the product improved AGS-30.

TypeAutomatic grenade launcher
Caliber30x28mm Soviet
MagazineBelt fed, 29 rounds
OperationBlowback
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire350 - 400 rpm
Barrel length290 mm
Rifling16 grooves, right hand twist
Muzzle velocity185 m/s
Stock-
Length840 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight18 kg (gun only), 31 kg (incl tripod)
SightsIron sights, up to 800 m gradations, optical sight for use out to 1.700 m
Remarks-

AGS-30

The AGS-30 is a product improved version of the AGS-17. It has much fewer parts and is much lighter. The AGS-30 can be identified by its flat top. The whole weapon system is also much lighter as a much lighter tripod is used and the ammunition box is lighter as well. The AGS-30 also has an improved lethality and range due to the use of new ammunition, which can also be fired by the AGS-17.

TypeAutomatic grenade launcher
Caliber30x28mm Soviet
MagazineBelt fed, 30 rounds
OperationBlowback
Fire selector0-1-F
Rate of fire400 rpm
Barrel length?
Rifling?
Muzzle velocity185 m/s
Stock-
Length1.165 mm
Width490 mm
Height735 mm (on tripod?)
Weight17 kg (empty, on tripod)
SightsIron sights, optical sight
Remarks-

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