Infantry weapons / Heavy machine guns / DShK

DShK

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Heavy machine gun

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Dooshka (Iranian nickname)
    Type 54 (Chinese designation)
    Khawad (Sudanese designation)

  • DESIGNED
    1935 - 1938

  • DESIGNER
    Vasily Degtyaryov and Georgi Shpagin

  • PRODUCTION
    1938 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    China - NORINCO
    Czechoslovakia
    Iran
    Pakistan
    Romania
    Sudan - MIC
    USSR

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Very reliable
    Very heavy
    Limited accuracy

Introduction

The DShK is a World War 2 era heavy machine gun of Russian origin. DShK stands for Degtyarov Shpagin Krupnokalibernyi. Together with the Western M2HB it is one of the most produced heavy machine guns in the world. It is used on tripod mounts and many Soviet fighting vehicles.

Design

The DShK is a belt fed, gas operated, air cooled heavy machine gun. The weapon cycles trough the use of a gas piston below the barrel. The original DShK uses a rotary feed system which was replaced on the modernized and more common DShKM with a shuttle feed system similar to the one on the RP-46.

Firepower

The DShK fires the 12.7x108mm round at a cyclic rate of fire of about 600 rounds per minute. It is usually fed by 50 round belts. The accuracy is limited although the maximum effective range is still beyond 1 km.

Users

Even though the design is dated the DShK remains in use with many armed forces and irregular forces around the world. After World War 2 it remained in use with the Soviet forces, only to be partially replaced by the NSV from the 1970's onwards. It is still in production in various nations.

Variants

DShK

The original version of the DShK which was used troughout World War 2 is called the DShK-38. It uses a rotary feed system. After World War 2 it was replaced by the modernized DShKM.

  • Specifications:
  • DShK
TypeHeavy machine gun
Caliber12.7x108mm Soviet
MagazineBelt fed
OperationGas operated
Fire selector0-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length1.070 mm
Rifling8 grooves
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length1.625 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight34 kg
SightsIron sights
Remarks-

DShKM

The DShKM is also known as the DShK-38/46. It is the modernized version of the original DShK with the main improvement being the use of a shuttle feed system. The DShKM is the version that remains in use today.

TypeHeavy machine gun
Caliber12.7x108mm Soviet
MagazineBelt fed
OperationGas operated
Fire selector0-F
Rate of fire600 rpm
Barrel length1.070 mm
Rifling8 grooves
Muzzle velocity?
Stock-
Length1.625 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight33.5 kg
SightsIron sights
Remarks-

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