Infantry weapons / Rocket launchers / M20 Super Bazooka

M20 Super Bazooka

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Rocket launcher

  • ORIGIN
    United States

  • NICKNAMES
    Rocket Launcher, 3.5in M20 (official designation)
    Type 51 (Chinese designation)

  • DESIGNED
    Late 1940's

  • DESIGNER
    ?

  • PRODUCTION
    1950 - 1960's (USA)
    ? - 1990's (Brazil)

  • PRODUCERS
    Brazil - Hydroar
    China
    Spain - Instalaza
    United States

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Reusable launch tube
    Simple to produce
    Short range
    Limited penetration

Introduction

The M20 Super Bazooka is a rocket launcher of United States origin. It is a larger and more capable version of the original Bazooka, as such the nickname became Super Bazooka.

Design

The M20 consists of a two-piece smoothbore launch tube that is fitted with a mechanical sight unit, vertical grip, shoulder support and monopod. The single piece 89mm rockets are loaded from the rear. The M20 is electrically fired by pulling the trigger placed at the vertical grip. The crew of two consists of an operator and a loader.

Firepower

The 89mm HEAT warheads can penetrate up to 280mm of homogenous steel armor. Later rounds have been developed with greater performance. The maximum effective range is 150 meters. A rate of fire of 6 rounds per minute can be achieved.

Users

The primary user of the M20 was the USA. It was adopted by most allies of the USA and remains in very limited service.

Variants

M20 Super Bazooka

The M20 is the original version, which was replaced in production by the M20B1. The M20B1 uses a cast aluminum barrel and is simplified in various areas. Both versions were produced with an improved connector latch and were designated M20A1 and M20A1B1 respectively.

TypeRocket launcher
Crew1 or 2
Caliber89 mm
Length1.524 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight6.5 kg empty
SightsMechanical
AmmunitionM28, M28A1, M28A2 HEAT rocket
GuidanceNone, free flight
Velocity?
Range
Penetration280 mm RHA
RemarksReusable launcher
TypeRocket launcher
Crew1 or 2
Caliber89 mm
Length1.549 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight5.9 kg empty
SightsMechanical
AmmunitionM28, M28A1, M28A2 HEAT rocket
GuidanceNone, free flight
Velocity?
Range
Penetration280 mm RHA
RemarksReusable launcher

Type 51

The Chinese Type 51 is a direct copy of the M20 Super Bazooka. The only difference is that the Type 51 has a 90mm barrel instead of 89mm. Chinese ammunition is of 90mm caliber and cannot be used in the M20, while the Type 51 can fire captured 89mm ammunition.

TypeRocket launcher
Crew1 or 2
Caliber89 mm
Length1.530 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight5.45 kg empty
SightsMechanical
Ammunition?
GuidanceNone, free flight
Velocity99 m/s
Range
Penetration267 mm RHA
RemarksReusable launcher

M65

The M65 is a Spanish development of the M20 Super Bazooka. The launcher is modernized and slightly longer. An optical sight is fitted which is also illuminated for night use. A range of more capable ammunition is used in this weapon. These rounds have a longer range and more effective warheads. The M65 can be identified by the bar below the launch tube.

  • Specifications:
  • M65
TypeRocket launcher
Crew1 or 2
Caliber89 mm
Length1.60 m, 0.83 m folded
Width?
Height?
Weight5.4 kg empty
SightsMechanical
AmmunitionCH M66 HEAT, MB 66 incendiay
GuidanceNone, free flight
Velocity?
Range
Penetration330 mm RHA, 0.8 m concrete
RemarksReusable launcher

Copyright © 2002 - 2014 Weaponsystems.net