Mukha, fly (Russian nickname)
6G12 (GRAU designation)
1972 - 1990 (USSR)
1978 - 1989 (East Germany)
East Germany - VEB Mechanische Werkstätten
- UNIT COST
Small size and low weight
Limited armor penetration
Limited effective range
Cannot be made safe once launcher is in firing position
The RPG-18 Mukha is a late Cold War era disposable rocket launcher of Soviet origin. The RPG-18 was the first Soviet rocket launcher that could not be reloaded. Earlier weapons such as the RPG-7 were reusable. The improved RPG-22 was designed to replace the RPG-18.
The design was inspired by the LAW that was adopted by US forces in the 1960's. The RPG-18 consists of a pre-loaded aluminum launch tube and a fiberglass outer tube which must be extended prior to firing. Once extended it cannot be retracted. A flip up ladder sight is used for aiming. Since it is a disposable rocket launcher it is operated by a single person.
The RPG-18 fires the PG-18 HEAT rocket. The shaped charge warhead will pierce 300 mm of homogenous steel armor. Alternatively it can penetrate 1 m of brick or 0.5 m concrete. The maximum effective range is 200 meters. The practical range is quoted as 100 to 150 meters.
The RPG-18 was adopted by the Soviet forces and exported in limited quantities. The RPG-18 is becoming obsolete since it is no longer produced since the early 1990's.
RPG-18: The RPG-18 is a lightweight disposable anti-tank rocket launcher. It was produced in only one variant that fires the PG-18 HEAT rocket.
|Length||705 mm folded, ? mm extended|
|Weight||2.6 kg total, 1.4 kg projectile|
|Sights||Mechanical, pop up frame with 200, 250 and 300 m gradation|
|Ammunition||PG-18 HEAT rocket|
|Guidance||None, free flight|
|Velocity||115 m/s at muzzle|
|Penetration||300 mm RHA, 1 m brick, 0.5 m concrete|