Infantry weapons / Rocket launchers / RPG-18

RPG-18

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Rocket launcher

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Mukha, fly (Russian nickname)
    6G12 (GRAU designation)
    TKB-076

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1970's

  • DESIGNER
    Unknown

  • PRODUCTION
    1972 - 1990 (USSR)
    1978 - 1989 (East Germany)

  • PRODUCERS
    USSR

    Licensed production:
    East Germany - VEB Mechanische Werkst├Ątten

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Small size and low weight
    Limited armor penetration
    Limited effective range
    Cannot be made safe once launcher is in firing position

Introduction

The RPG-18 Mukha is a late Cold War era disposable rocket launcher of Soviet origin. The RPG-18 was the first Soviet rocket launcher that could not be reloaded. Earlier weapons such as the RPG-7 were reusable. The improved RPG-22 was designed to replace the RPG-18.

Design

The design was inspired by the LAW that was adopted by US forces in the 1960's. The RPG-18 consists of a pre-loaded aluminum launch tube and a fiberglass outer tube which must be extended prior to firing. Once extended it cannot be retracted. A flip up ladder sight is used for aiming. Since it is a disposable rocket launcher it is operated by a single person.

Firepower

The RPG-18 fires the PG-18 HEAT rocket. The shaped charge warhead will pierce 300 mm of homogenous steel armor. Alternatively it can penetrate 1 m of brick or 0.5 m concrete. The maximum effective range is 200 meters. The practical range is quoted as 100 to 150 meters.

Users

The RPG-18 was adopted by the Soviet forces and exported in limited quantities. The RPG-18 is becoming obsolete since it is no longer produced since the early 1990's.

Variants

RPG-18

RPG-18: The RPG-18 is a lightweight disposable anti-tank rocket launcher. It was produced in only one variant that fires the PG-18 HEAT rocket.

TypeRocket launcher
Crew1
Caliber64 mm
Length705 mm folded, ? mm extended
Width?
Height?
Weight2.6 kg total, 1.4 kg projectile
SightsMechanical, pop up frame with 200, 250 and 300 m gradation
AmmunitionPG-18 HEAT rocket
GuidanceNone, free flight
Velocity115 m/s at muzzle
Range
Penetration300 mm RHA, 1 m brick, 0.5 m concrete
RemarksDisposable launcher

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