Infantry weapons / Rocket launchers / RPG-7

RPG-7

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Rocket launcher

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    6G3 (GRAU designation)
    Type 69 (Chinese production)
    Type 2004 (Chinese production RPG-7D)
    Al-Nassira (Iraiq production)
    Knut (Russian nickname)
    Sinar (Sudanese designation)

  • DESIGNED
    Late 1950's

  • DESIGNER
    Bazalt

  • PRODUCTION
    1961 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Bulgaria - Arsenal
    China - Norinco
    Egypt - Sakr factory
    Georgia - Delta
    Iran - DIO
    Iraq
    Pakistan - POF
    Romania - RomArm
    Russia - Kovrov
    USSR - Kovrov

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Reuseable launch tube
    Wide variety of ammunition
    Easy to use
    Limited accuracy
    Average range
    Limited effectiveness of older types of ammunition

Introduction

The RPG-7 is a rocket launcher of Soviet origin. It was developed in the late 1940's to replaced the earlier RPG-2. The RPG-7 is the most widely used reuseable rocket launcher in the world. Due to the development of more potent warheads it remains a capable weapon by todays standards.

Design

The RPG-7 is a much improved version of the RPG-2. It consists of a resuesable launch tube with a 40mm diameter. The booster section of the weapon is loaded into the tube with the larger diameter warhead sticking out at the front. The metal launch tube is fitted with a pistol grip and trigger, iron or optical sight and a wooden or plastic heat shield. Unlike most reloadable rocket launchers it is usually not operated by a crew of two, although other personnel may carry additional ammunition.

Firepower

The RPG-7 can be fitted with a variety of warheads. Most are anti-tank, but thermobaric and bunker buster ammunition is available as well. Early HEAT rounds were capable of penetrating 280 mm of homogenous steel plate, the latest versions over 600 mm. The effective range is about 200 meters.

Users

The RPG-7 was the primary rocket launcher of all Soviet forces and their allies. It has been acquired by over 80 nations and is mainly used in Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Asia.

Variants

RPG-7V

The RPG-7 is the original version of the RPG-7 launcher and was fitted with iron sights. The RPG-7V includes an optical sight, which increases the chance to hit.

TypeRocket launcher
Crew1 or 2
Caliber40 mm tube, larger warhead
Length950 mm
Width?
Height?
Weight6.3 kg with optical sight
SightsMechanical or optical sight
AmmunitionVarious warheads
GuidanceNone, free flight
Velocity?
Range
PenetrationDepends on warhead
RemarksReusable launcher

RPG-7D

The RPG-7D is a version with a two piece launch tube. The wooden heat shield is much thicker as it threaded on the inside and connects both pieces of the launch tube. When taken apart it is much smaller, which is useful for airborne forces.

TypeRocket launcher
Crew1 or 2
Caliber40 mm tube, larger warhead
Length?
Width?
Height?
Weight7.4 kg with optical sight
SightsMechanical or optical sight
AmmunitionVarious warheads
GuidanceNone, free flight
Velocity?
Range
PenetrationDepends on warhead
RemarksReusable launcher

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