Infantry weapons / Anti-tank missiles / 9K133 Kornet

9K133 Kornet

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Anti-tank guided weapon

  • ORIGIN
    Russia

  • NICKNAMES
    AT-14 Spriggan (NATO designation)
    Kornet-E (export designation)

  • DESIGNED
    1988 - 1992

  • DESIGNER
    KBP Tula

  • PRODUCTION
    1994 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Russia

  • QUANTITY
    Several thousand to date

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good penetration and long range
    Difficult to jam
    Easy to use system
    Heavier than other manpack ATGW
    Maximum penetration often not achieved

Introduction

The 9K133 Kornet is a modern man-portable anti-tank guided weapon of Russian origin. In the West it is known under the NATO designation AT-14 Spriggan. The Kornet was developed as a more capable and longer range alternative to the late Cold War era 9K111 Fagot (AT-4 Spigot) and 9K113 Konkurs (AT-5 Spandrel) in Soviet service. Since the Kornet is heavier and more expensive it was allways intended as a supplementory system, not a system to replace all existing systems in use.

Layout

Externally the Kornet system looks similar to older Soviet manpack anti-tank guided weapons. The tripod launcher houses the sight unit and a single missile in its launch container. The 9M133 missile has an unconventional internal layout. The nose houses the guidance section, but the laser beam sensor has to be located at the rear on order to function. Also the warhead is located behind the rocket fuel. This has the advantage of allowing more time for the precursor charge to detonate explosive reactive armor, but comes at the cost of having more components between the plasma jet and the target. Occasionaly the plasma jet is deformed with much reduced penetration as a result.

Firepower

The Kornet has good penetration statistics on paper. Its tandem HEAT warhead may penetrate well over 1.000 mm RHA behind ERA. Alternatively a thermobaric warhead is available for use against structures and infantry in the open. The Kornet has a good range of 5.5 km in daylight and 3.5 to 4.5 km when using the night sight. The Kornet-M has an increased maximum range of 8 to 10 km. The subsonic missile does take about half a minute to reach its maximum range.

Mobility

The Kornet is a man portable system. The tripod launcher with a missile ready to fire weighs about 66 kg. When the load is divided over multiple people the Kornet can be carried over long distances by infantry. However, most standard operating procedures have the Kornet and its crew transported by vehicle. Vehicle mounted launchers often use a pedestal mounted manpack launcher. Various multiple round vehicle based launchers have been developed, but these are yet to be produced in quantity.

Users

The Kornet has been in Russian use since the late 1990's, but not in large numbers. It has been exported in both small and large numbers. Most export users are located in the Middle East, where it has already been used in various conflicts. The Kornet is also used by several South American and African nations.

Variants

9M133 missile

9M133-1: Standard anti-tank missile for the Kornet system. Carries a tandem HEAT warhead.
9M133M-2: Improved missile used with Kornet-M system. It has an improved tandem HEAT warhead and an improved maximum range of 8 km.
9M133F-1: Version with thermobaric warhead for use against bunkers, buildings or infantry in the open.
9M133F-2: Improved version with thermobaric warhead that is part of the Kornet-M system. Has a similar engine upgrade as used in the 9M133M-2 for an improved maximum range of 8 km.
9M133F-3: Similar to 9M133F-2, but has a smaller warhead in exchange for more fuel and a longer maximum range of 10 km.

TypeAnti-tank missile
Diameter0.16 m body, 0.46 m wingspan
Length1.1 m
Weight29 kg including container
GuidanceSACLOS, laser beam riding, <5 m accuracy
Warhead152mm tandem HEAT warhead, 1.000 to 1.200 mm RHA penetration behind ERA, or 3 to 3.5 m of concrete
PropulsionSingle-stage solid propellant rocket motor
Speedover 250 m/s
Range100 m minimum, 5.5 km maximum
AltitudeUp to 3 km
Engagement envelope-
Remarks1.21 m container length
TypeAnti-tank missile
Diameter0.16 m body, 0.46 m wingspan
Length1.1 m
Weight31 kg including container
GuidanceSACLOS, laser beam riding, <5 m accuracy
Warhead152mm tandem HEAT warhead, 1.100 to 1.300 mm RHA penetration behind ERA, or 3 to 3.5 m of concrete
PropulsionSingle-stage solid propellant rocket motor
Speed300 m/s maximum
Range150 m minimum, 8.0 km maximum
AltitudeUp to 3 km
Engagement envelope-
Remarks1.21 m container length
TypeAnti-tank missile
Diameter0.16 m body, 0.46 m wingspan
Length1.1 m
Weight29 kg including container
GuidanceSACLOS, laser beam riding, <5 m accuracy
WarheadThermobaric warhead
PropulsionSingle-stage solid propellant rocket motor
Speedover 250 m/s
Range100 m minimum, 5.5 km maximum
AltitudeUp to 3 km
Engagement envelope-
Remarks1.21 m container length
TypeAnti-tank missile
Diameter0.16 m body, 0.46 m wingspan
Length1.1 m
Weight31 kg including container
GuidanceSACLOS, laser beam riding, <5 m accuracy
WarheadThermobaric warhead, 10 kg TNT equivalent
PropulsionSingle-stage solid propellant rocket motor
Speed300 m/s maximum
Range150 m minimum, 8.0 km maximum
AltitudeUp to 3 km
Engagement envelope-
Remarks1.21 m container length
TypeAnti-tank missile
Diameter0.16 m body, 0.46 m wingspan
Length1.1 m
Weight33 kg including container
GuidanceSACLOS, laser beam riding, <5 m accuracy
WarheadThermobaric warhead, 7 kg TNT equivalent
PropulsionSingle-stage solid propellant rocket motor
Speed320 m/s maximum
Range150 m minimum, 10.0 km maximum
AltitudeUp to 3 km
Engagement envelope-
Remarks1.21 m container length

9P163 launcher

9P163-1 Kornet: Tripod manpack launcher with 1P45-1 sight tracker and 1PN79-1 thermal sight. Can also be pedestal mounted on vehicles. Export model is known as Kornet-E.
9P163M-1 Kornet-M. Tripod launcher for the longer range Kornet-M missiles. Export model is known as Kornet-EM.
9P163M-1 Kornet-T: Two round launcher fed by a 16 round internal magazine. Mounted on the BMP-3 universal chassis. Prototypes only. Also known as 9P162.
Kvartet: Small rectangular turret with two Kornet missiles on each side. Also known as 9P163-2. Fires the original Kornet missiles.
Kvartet-M: Improved Kvartet turret based on the BPPU turret, also known as 9P163-2. Has day and night sights installed in the weapon mount and two long range Kornet-M missiles on each side.
Kornet-D: Anti-tank platform with Kornet-M missiles based on the GAZ Tigr. Uses two retractable four round launchers, with an additional 8 missiles in reserve.

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