Combat vehicles / Reconnaissance / BA-64

BA-64

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Reconnaissance vehicle

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    Bobik (Russian service nickname)

  • DESIGNED
    1941 - 1942

  • DESIGNER
    GAZ

  • PRODUCTION
    1942 - 1943 (BA-64)
    1943 - 1946 (BA-64B)

  • PRODUCERS
    USSR - GAZ

  • QUANTITY
    A total of 3.901 BA-64 and 5.209 BA-64B produced.

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Low production costs
    Good mobility for WW2 standards
    Operated under armor protection
    Limited firepower
    Stability issues

Introduction

The BA-64 is a small World War 2 era reconnaissance vehicle. It was developed for Soviet forces to support infantry and provide reconnaissance. Compared to other Soviet armored cars the BA-64 was smaller, less costly and highly mobile, although it lacked firepower.

Layout

The original BA-64 was based on the GAZ-61 jeep, the later BA-64B is based on the GAZ-67B chassis. The BA-64 features a monocoque armored hull that protects the engine bay and crew compartment. The crew is reduced to a driver and a gunner. A small armored one man turret is fitted on top, allowing the single machine gun to be fired under armor protection.

Firepower

The vast majority of BA-64 are fitted with a single 7.62mm DT machine gun in a one man turret. The machine gun has a high elevation angle for anti-aircraft use. The 7.62mm DT is of little use against aircraft but the elevation proved very useful in urban combat. The BA-64D variant was armed with a 12.7mm DShK heavy machine gun, making it much more effective against infantry, light armored vehicles and aircraft.

Protection

The 12mm steel monocoque hull and turret armor protects the crew from small arms fire and shell splinters. The sloped armor results in a good weight vs protection ratio. The wheels are easily punctured by small arms fire, reducing mobility significantly. An NBC system and smoke grenade dischargers are both lacking.

Mobility

The 4x4 chassis provides a reasonable cross county ability and good performance on roads. The 50 hp gasoline engine allows for a maximum road speed of 80 km/h. The original BA-64 was top heavy and easily turned over in rough terrain. This problem was solved in the improved BA-64B.

Users

The BA-64 was widely used by Soviet forces during World War 2. It was used for a short period after World War 2, but was soon replaced by the BRDM-1 and other vehicles. The BA-64 was exported to several nations with good ties to the USSR. Nowadays it only remains in service in North Korea.

Variants

BA-64

Production models:
BA-64: Original production version based on GAZ-61 jeep chassis. Produced from 1942 - 1943.
BASh-64: Command version with rearranged rear compartment.
BA-64B: Improved BA-64 based on GAZ-67B jeep chassis. Produced from 1943 to 1946.
BA-64D: BA-64B with redesigned turret to house the more powerful 12.7mm DShK heavy machine gun. Introduced in 1944 and also known as BA-64DShK.

Prototype models:
BA-64D: Armored personnel carrier for transport assault troops on the battlefield.
BA-64ZhD: Railroad version with train wheels mounted at the front and rear.
BA-64SKh: Snow mobile with tracks rear and skis at the front.

TypeReconnaissance vehicle
Crew2 (driver, gunner)
Length3.67 m
Width1.69 m
Height1.89 m
Ground clearance0.21 m
Weight2.45 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 4x4
Turn radius?
EngineGAZ M1 4-cylinder, 54 hp
Power ratio21.3 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Speed80 km/h on road
Fuel110 L
Range560 km on road, 300 km cross country
Wall?
Trench?
Gradient30% gradient
Fording0.9 m
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
SmokeNo
Remarks-
Armament7.62mm DT machine gun
Weapon17.62mm DT machine gun in turret
1.070 rounds
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
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Weapon6-
TypeReconnaissance vehicle
Crew2 (driver, gunner)
Length3.67 m
Width1.52 m
Height1.88 m
Ground clearance0.21 m
Weight3.36 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 4x4
Turn radius?
EngineGAZ MM 4-cylinder, 54 hp
Power ratio22.9 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Speed80 km/h on road
Fuel110 L
Range560 km on road, 300 km cross country
Wall?
Trench?
Gradient?
Fording0.9 m
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
SmokeNo
Remarks-
Armament7.62mm DT machine gun
Weapon17.62mm DT machine gun in turret
1.260 rounds
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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