Combat vehicles / Reconnaissance / Fennek

Fennek

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Reconnaissance vehicle

  • ORIGIN
    Netherlands

  • NICKNAMES
    Leichter Gepanzerter Spähwagen / LGS (German for light armored scout vehicle)
    MultiPurpose Carrier / MPC (name during development)

  • DESIGNED
    1992 - 2001

  • DESIGNER
    ARGE Fennek consortium

  • PRODUCTION
    2003 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Germany - Krauss Maffei Wegmann
    Netherlands - SP Aerospace / DDVS

  • QUANTITY
    About 650

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Very good mobility
    High quality sensor mast
    Remote controlled weapon system
    Average protection
    Expensive

Introduction

The Fennek is a reconnaissance vehicle of Dutch origin. The Fennek was developed as a private venture by SP Aerospace in the early 1990's. In the late 1990's it turned into a joint Dutch/German program. The German firm KMW continued the development and is currently marketing the Fennek 2.

Layout

The Fennek is a 4x4 vehicle with a crew of three. The driver is seated in the middle and has good visability through three large windows. The commander and gunner are seated on either side of the driver, slightly more towards the rear. The engine compartment is in the rear.

Firepower

German Fennek are armed with the 40mm GMG automatic grenade launcher, which can be replaced by a 7.62mm MG3 machine gun. Dutch vehicles are fitted with a 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun. The Dutch air defense version mounts a turret with four Stinger surface to air missiles.

Protection

The aluminum armor protects against 7.62mm armor piercing ammunition and shell splinters. Add-on armor with higher protection levels is available. The crew compartment is protected against anti-personnel mines. Dutch vehicles used in Afghanistan are fitted with slat armor over the windows. An NBC system, automatic fire extinguishing system and smoke grenade launchers are fitted as standard.

Mobility

The 4x4 chassis and intricate drive train provide a very good cross country mobility and very high road speeds. In reverse a camera provides a view for the driver. The 240 hp diesel engine provides a high power to weight ratio and is connected to an automatic gearbox. The Fennek is not amphibious.

Users

The Fennek is only used by Germany and the Netherlands. Germany bought over 200 and the Netherlands over 400 vehicles. Germany is likely to order additional vehicles.

Variants

Reconnaissance vehicle

The standard version of the Fennek is the reconnaissance vehicle. Those are fitted with a with a sophisticated extendable optronic sensor mast. Versions without the sensor mast are used in a variety of roles. The Netherlands also operates the Fennek as a patrol vehicle and transport vehicle for the Spike anti-tank missile. Germany also fields the Fennek with the engineers.

TypeReconnaissance vehicle
Crew3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Length5.58 m
Width2.55 m
Height1.79 (hull roof), 2.29 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.40 m
Weight8.5 t empty, 10.2 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 4x4, 3.00 m wheelbase
Turn radius6.43 m
EngineDeutz BF6M 2013C turbo diesel, 240 hp
Power ratio23.5 hp/t
TransmissionAutomatic, 6 speed
Speed112 km/h, 23 km/h reverse
Fuel?
Range1.000 km on road, 460 km cross country
Wall?
Trench?
Gradient60% gradient, 35% slope
Fording1 m
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke2x3 smoke grenade dischargers
RemarksRetractable sensor pod
Armament40mm GMG automatic grenade launcher
or 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
or 7.62mm MG3 machine gun
Weapon140mm GMG automatic grenade launcher
32 rounds ready to fire
-10 to +40° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
stabalized in both axis
Weapon212.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
100 rounds ready to fire
-10 to +40° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
stabalized in both axis
Weapon37.62mm MG3 machine gun
250 round ready to fire
-10 to +40° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
stabalized in both axis
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

Air defense vehicle

The Netherlands operates an air defense version of the Fennek which is called the Stinger Weapons Platform (SWP). It is fitted with the Turkish Pedestal Mounted Air Defense System (PMADS). The low profile turret is fitted with two launchers that each hold two Stinger missiles. Two missiles can be locked on at once to allow for ripple fire.

TypeSelf-propelled SAM system
Crew3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Length5.58 m
Width2.55 m
Height1.79 (hull roof)
Ground clearance0.40 m
Weight10.4 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 4x4, 3.00 m wheelbase
Turn radius6.43 m
EngineDeutz BF6M 2013C turbo diesel, 240 hp
Power ratio23.1 hp/t
TransmissionAutomatic, 6 speed
Speed112 km/h, 23 km/h reverse
Fuel?
Range1.000 km on road, 460 km cross country
Wall?
Trench?
Gradient60% gradient, 35% slope
Fording1 m
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke2x3 smoke grenade dischargers
Remarks-
ArmamentStinger weapon platform (4x)
Weapon1Stinger weapon platform
4 rounds ready to fire
powered elevation and traverse
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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