Combat vehicles / Reconnaissance / M113 C&R

M113 C&R

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Reconnaissance vehicle

  • ORIGIN
    United States

  • NICKNAMES
    Lynx (Canadian designation)
    M113 Commando & Verkenning (official Dutch designation)
    M113½ (popular nickname)

  • DESIGNED
    1963

  • DESIGNER
    FMC Corporation

  • PRODUCTION
    1966 - 1969

  • PRODUCERS
    United States - FMC Corporation

  • QUANTITY
    440

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Small silhouette
    Good cross country mobility
    Well armed with 25mm upgrade

Introduction

The M113 C&R is a reconnaissance vehicle of US origin. It was developed in the early 1960's by the FMC Corporation as a private venture for export sales. The official name is M113 Command and Reconnaissance Vehicle but the abbreviation M113 C&R and nickname Lynx are much more common. The M113 C&R was produced in limited quantities since only the Netherlands and Canada adopted it.

Layout

To make the M113 more suited for the reconnaissance role the silhouette was reduced by lowering the roofline significantly. In order to achieve this the engine that was normally located above the drivetrain was mounted at the rear. The M113 C&R is much lower and has only four roadwheels whereas the original M113 has five. The crew consists of a driver, commander and observer.

Firepower

The M113 C&R is armed with a 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun in the more intricate M26 mount than the one used on the M113. In Dutch service this mount was replaced with the Oerlikon GBD-ADA turret in the 1970's, providing a massive increase in firepower. The GBD turret mounts the powerful 25mm KBA autocannon which can be used effectively against most armored vehicles.

Protection

The M113 has aluminum armor that protects against small arms fire and shell splinters all around. he M2HB can be fired from under armor protection, but must be reloaded in the open. An NBC system and smoke grenade dischargers are standard.

Mobility

The M113 C&R has a good cross country with its tracked chassis and amphibious capability. The 6V53 diesel engine is the same as mounted on the M113A1. The maximum speed is 71 km/h on roads and 6 km/h in the water.

Users

The Netherlands army adopted the first of 250 Lynxes in 1966 and used them until the early 1990's as they were replaced by the Fennek. Canada ordered Lynx a few year later and used 174 of them until they were replaced with the Coyote. The Lynx remains in limited use as small number have been exported to Bahrain and Chile.

Variants

M113 C&V

The M113 Commando & Verkenning is the Dutch version of the M113 C&R of which a total of 266 M113 C&V have been produced. This original version of the C&R has the driver at the front left, the observer at the front right and the commander in the middle behind the other two crewmembers. The commander originally had a standard M113 cupola with 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun. At least 250 have been upgraded with the GBD-ADA one man turret with 25mm Oerlikon KBA autocannon in the 1970's

TypeReconnaissance vehicle
Crew3 (commander, driver, observer)
Length4.80 m (overall)
Width2.27 m
Height2.73 m (turret top)
Ground clearance0.41 m
Weight8.1 t empty, 9 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 4 roadwheels, driver sprocket front, idler rear, 0.38 m width, 2.38 m length, 1.89 m track
Turn radius6.4 m
EngineGMC 6V53 6-cylinder diesel, 215 hp at 2.800 rpm
Power ratio23.9 hp/t
TransmissionAutomatic, 3 forward, 1 reverse
Speed67 km/h on road, 6.5 km/h in water
Fuel300 L
Range460 km on road
Wall0.6 m
Trench1.5 m
Gradient60% gradient
FordingAmphibious
ArmorAluminum, 32 to 44 mm hull front, 32 mm hull top, 25 mm hull floor, 19 to 32 mm hull sides, 32 mm hull rear
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke2x3 smoke grenade dischargers
Remarks-
Armament25mm KBA autocannon
Weapon125mm KBA-B02 autocannon in GBD-ADA turret
450 rounds, 80 APDS and 120 HEI ready to fire
-12 to +52° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
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Lynx

The Lynx is the Canadian version of the M113 C&R of which 174 have been produced. The Canadian version differs from the Dutch version in having the driver at the front left, the commander with his M26 cupola at the front right and the observer seated behind the driver at the left. The Canadian version was not upgraded with the 25mm turret.

  • Specifications:
  • Lynx
TypeReconnaissance vehicle
Crew3 (commander, driver, observer)
Length4.60 m (hull)
Width2.41 m
Height2.18 m
Ground clearance0.41 m
Weight8.8 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 4 roadwheels, driver sprocket front, idler rear
Turn radius6.4 m
EngineGMC 6V53 6-cylinder diesel, 215 hp at 2.800 rpm
Power ratio24.4 hp/t
TransmissionAutomatic, 3 forward, 1 reverse
Speed71 km/h on road, 6 km/h in water
Fuel300 L
Range523 km
Wall0.6 m
Trench1.5 m
Gradient60% gradient
FordingAmphibious
ArmorAluminum, 32 to 44 mm hull front, 32 mm hull top, 25 mm hull floor, 19 to 32 mm hull sides, 32 mm hull rear
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke2x3 smoke grenade dischargers
Remarks-
Armament12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
Weapon112.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun in M26 turret
1200 rounds, 100 ready to fire
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
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