Combat vehicles / Fire support vehicles / AMX-13

AMX-13

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Light tank

  • ORIGIN
    France

  • NICKNAMES
    -

  • DESIGNED
    1946 - 1948

  • DESIGNER
    Atelier de Construction d'Issy-les-Moulineaux

  • PRODUCTION
    1952 - 1987

  • PRODUCERS
    France - Atelier de Construction Roanne
    France - Creusot-Loire

  • QUANTITY
    Over 4.500 built by 1964

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good mobility on road and in the field
    Powerful armament on late AMX-13 models
    Cannot fire on the move due to non-stabilized armament
    Limited armour protection

Introduction

The AMX-13 is an early Cold War era light tank of French origin. It was developed in the late 1940's to equip the post-World War 2 French forces. The AMX-13 proved to be a highly mobile and effective light tank in combat. By the end of the Cold War the AMX-13 became obsolete due to age and the advent of highly capable anti-tank guided missiles that fill the role of highly mobile tank destroyers.

Layout

The AMX-13 uses a tracked chassis with the driver and engine located at the front and the fighting compartment at the rear. This chassis was later used in the AMX-VCI armored personnel carrier and AMX-105 and Mk F3 self-propelled howitzers. The AMX-13 uses a unique oscilating turret design. The cannon is mounted on a fixed cradle and the entire top half of the turret is hinged to proved elevation. Over time the AMX-13 design was upgraded with various turret types and other types of equipment.

Firepower

The original AMX-13 was fitted with a 75mm high velocity cannon. Later a version with a turret with 90mm cannon became available. For export sales a 105mm cannon was fitted. The gun is equipped with a bustle mounted automatic loader that results in a high rate of fire. A 7.5mm AAT-52 machine gun is fitted as coaxial weapon and another can be fitted as a flexible weapon on the turret roof. For export sales these were often replaced by the 7.62mm AAT-NF1 or MAG machine guns. Some tanks in French service were fitted with SS-11 anti-tank missiles in order to improve effectiveness against newer tanks.

Protection

The steel armor provides protection against small arms fire and shrapnell all around. Over the frontal arc heavy machine gun fire is resisted. Smoke grenade launchers are fitted as standard. An NBC system is optional, but not present on most AMX-13 models.

Mobility

The tracked chassis, limited weight and high power to weight ratio result in a good all terrain mobility. A 250 hp petrol engine provides propulsion, allowing for a maximum speed of 60 km/h. The AMX-13 is not amphibious.

Users

The primary user of the AMX-13 and its derivatives was the French army. The AMX-13 was exported in large numbers. The AMX-13 proved effective in combat with Israeli forces. In most armies the AMX-13 has been replaced, but significant numbers remain in service today.

Variants

AMX-13/75

AMX-13 Modèle 1951: Original production model introduced in 1952. Fitted with FL-11 turret with 75mm high velocity cannon.
AMX-13 T75: French army upgrade with SS-11 anti-tank guided missiles to improve firepower against late Cold War era threats. These models were later upgraded with improved fire control systems. T75 models are also nicknamed Char Lance SS-11.

TypeLight tank
Crew3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Length4.88 m (hull), 6.36 m (gun forward)
Width2.5 m
Height2.3 m (top of commander's hatch)
Ground clearance0.4 m
Weight14.8 t
Ground pressure0.76 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.00 m length, 0.35 width, 2.16 m track
Turn radiusskid turns
EngineSofam Model 8Gxb 8-cylinder water-cooled petrol, 250 hp at 3.200 rpm
Power ratio16.9 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed60 km/h on road
Fuel480 L
Range350 - 400 km on road
Wall0.65 m
Trench1.6 m
Gradient60 % gradient
Fording0.6 m
ArmorSteel
Hull: 15 mm @ 55 degree front, 20 mm side, 10 mm top, 15 mm rear
Turret: 25 mm @ 45 degree front, 25 mm sides, 10 mm top
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
Smoke2x2 smoke grenade dischargers
Remarks-
Armament75mm Model 50 cannon
7.5mm AAT-52 coaxial machine gun
7.5mm AAT-52 roof machine gun
Weapon175mm Model 50 cannon
37 rounds, 12 ready to fire
-5 to + 12.5° elevation, 5°/s
360 degrees traverse, 30°/s
non-stabilized
Weapon27.5mm AAT-52 coaxial machine gun
traverse and elevation as main armament
3.600 rounds in total
non-stabilized
Weapon37.5mm AAT-52 roof machine gun
3.600 rounds in total
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

AMX-13/90

AMX-13 Modèle 1952: New production model with 90mm CN-90-F3 cannon in FL-10 turret. The 90mm cannon was introduced in 1966. Late production models were fitted with laser range finder.

TypeLight tank
Crew3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Length4.88 m (hull), 6.36 m (gun forward)
Width2.51 m
Height2.3 m (top of commander's hatch)
Ground clearance0.37 m
Weight13.0 t empty, 15.0 t combat load
Ground pressure0.76 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.00 m length, 0.35 width, 2.16 m track
Turn radiusskid turns
EngineSofam Model 8Gxb 8-cylinder water-cooled petrol, 250 hp at 3.200 rpm
Power ratio16.7 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed60 km/h on road
Fuel480 L
Range350 - 400 km on road
Wall0.65 m
Trench1.6 m
Gradient60 % gradient, 60 % slope
Fording0.6 m
ArmorSteel
Hull: 15 mm @ 55 degree front, 20 mm side, 10 mm top, 15 mm rear
Turret: 25 mm @ 45 degree front, 25 mm sides, 10 mm top
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
Smoke2x2 smoke grenade dischargers
Remarks-
Armament90mm CN-90-F3 cannon
7.5mm AAT-52 coaxial machine gun
7.5mm AAT-52 roof machine gun
Weapon190mm CN-90-F3 cannon
32 rounds, 12 ready to fire
-5 to + 12.5° elevation, 5°/s
360 degrees traverse, 30°/s
non-stabilized
Weapon27.5mm AAT-52 coaxial machine gun
traverse and elevation as main armament
3.600 rounds in total
non-stabilized
Weapon37.5mm AAT-52 roof machine gun
3.600 rounds in total
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

AMX-13/105

AMX-13 Modèle 1958: Export model with 105mm gun in FL-12 turret.
AMX-13/105: Improved export model with thermal sleeve for the 105mm gun and revised hull design.

TypeLight tank
Crew3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Length4.88 m (hull), 6.70 m (gun forward)
Width2.51 m
Height2.80 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.4 m
Weight14.8 t
Ground pressure0.76 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.00 m length, 0.35 width, 2.16 m track
Turn radiusskid turns
EngineSofam Model 8Gxb 8-cylinder water-cooled petrol, 250 hp at 3.200 rpm
Power ratio16.9 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed60 km/h on road, 15 km/h off road
Fuel480 L
Range350 km on road
Wall0.65 m
Trench1.9 m
Gradient60 % gradient
Fording0.6 m
ArmorSteel
Hull: 15 mm @ 55 degree front, 20 mm side, 10 mm top, 15 mm rear
Turret: 25 mm @ 45 degree front, 25 mm sides, 10 mm top
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
Smoke2x3 smoke grenade dischargers
Remarks-
Armament105mm L/44 cannon
7.62mm MAG coaxial machine gun
7.62mm MAG roof machine gun
Weapon1105mm L/44 cannon
32 rounds, 12 ready to fire
-5 to + 12° elevation
360 degrees traverse
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm MAG coaxial machine gun
traverse and elevation as main armament
4.000 rounds in total
non-stabilized
Weapon37.62mm MAG roof machine gun
4.000 rounds in total
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

AMX-D

AMX-D: Armored recovery vehicle based on AMX-13 chassis. Also known as AMX-13 Modèle 55. The D stands for Depannage, which is French for recovery. The AMX-D features a fixed superstructure, a winch and a-frame crane.

TypeArmored recovery vehicle
Crew3 (commander, driver, winch operator)
Length5.6 m (travel configuration)
Width2.59 m
Height2.08 m (hull top), 2.62 m (a-frame stowed), 4.65 m (a-frame in use)
Ground clearance0.43 m
Weight15.3 t combat load
Ground pressure0.78 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.00 m length, 0.35 width, 2.16 m track
Turn radiusskid turns
EngineSofam Model 8Gxb 8-cylinder water-cooled petrol, 250 hp at 3.200 rpm
Power ratio16.3 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed60 km/h on road
Fuel480 L
Range400 km on road
Wall0.65 m
Trench1.6 m
Gradient60 % gradient
Fording1 m
ArmorSteel
Hull: 15 mm @ 55 degree front, 20 mm side, 10 mm top, 15 mm rear
Superstructure: 30 mm front, 20 mm side, 10 mm roof
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
Smoke2x2 smoke grenade dischargers
Remarks17 t winch, 5 t capacity A-frame crane
Armament7.5mm AAT-52 machine gun
Weapon17.5mm AAT-52 machine gun on pintle mount
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

AMX-13 PDP

AMX-13 PDP: Bridge layer based on AMX-13 chassis. Features a fixed superstructure and large jacks at the rear to stabilize the vehicle when launching its scissor bridge. The abbreviation PDP stands for Poseur De Pont, which is French for bridge transporter.
AMX-13 ALB: Singaporese bridge layer based on rebuilt AXM-13 light tank chassis. This design differs from the manufacturer's design in launching the bridge over the front, lacking a superstructure and launching a folding bridge.

TypeArmored vehicle launched bridge
Crew3 (commander, driver, bridge laying operator)
Length4.88 m (hull), 6.44 m (without bridge), 8.02 m (with bridge)
Width2.51 m (without bridge), 3.16 m (with bridge)
Height2.72 m (without bridge), 4.05 m (with bridge)
Ground clearance0.36 m
Weight15.1 t empty, 19.2 t with bridge
Ground pressure0.76 kg/cm2 (without bridge), 0.905 kg/cm2 (with bridge)
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 3.00 m length, 0.35 width, 2.16 m track
Turn radiusskid turns
EngineSofam Model 8Gxb 8-cylinder water-cooled petrol, 250 hp at 3.200 rpm
Power ratio13.0 hp/t (with bridge)
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed60 km/h on road (without bridge)
40 km/h on road (with bridge)
Fuel480 L
Range350 km on road
Wall0.65 m
Trench1.3 m (with bridge), 1.6 m (without bridge)
Gradient60 % gradient, 50 % slope (without bridge)
30 % gradient, 20 % slope (with bridge)
Fording1 m
ArmorSteel
Hull: 15 mm @ 55 degree front, 20 mm side, 10 mm top, 15 mm rear
Superstructure: 30 mm front, 20 mm side, 10 mm roof
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
SmokeNo
Remarks14.3 m Class 25 scissor bridge
Armament-
Weapon1-
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

Media

Copyright © 2002 - 2014 Weaponsystems.net