Combat vehicles / Fire support vehicles / Jaguar

Jaguar

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Tank destroyer

  • ORIGIN
    Germany

  • NICKNAMES
    PAL 4000 (Austrian designation for Jaguar 1)

  • DESIGNED
    1963 - 1965

  • DESIGNER
    Henschel

  • PRODUCTION
    1967 - 1968 (Jagdpanzer Rakete)
    1978 - 1982 (Jaguar 1 conversions)
    1983 - 1985 (Jaguar 2 conversions)

  • PRODUCERS
    Germany - Hanomag
    Germany - Henschel

  • QUANTITY
    318 or 370 Jagdpanzer Rakete
    316 Jaguar 1 conversions
    162 Jaguar 2 conversions

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Well armored
    Long range missiles
    Good all terrain mobility
    Large and heavy
    Limited rate of fire

Introduction

The Jaguar is a tracked tank destroyer of German origin. Since 1966 the HS-30 tank destroyers were replaced by the Jagdpanzer Rakete, which in turn was developed into the Jaguar in the 1980's. The Jaguar was intended for use in the large scale armored combat anticipated during the Cold War. The Jaguar is one of the largest and best armored guided missile tank destroyers ever developed.

Layout

The chassis of the Jagdpanzer is very similar to those used on the Jagdpanzer Kanone and Marder. The Jaguar uses a crew of four, which are seated in the fighting compartment in the front. The missile launcher is mounted on the roof and the drive train is placed in the rear.

Firepower

The original Jagdpanzer Rakete was armed with two individual SS-11 launchers that could be used out to 3 km. The Jaguar 1 is armed with a single K3S launcher for firing HOT missiles up to 4 km. The Jaguar 2 uses a pedestal mounted TOW missile launcher for use up to 3.75 km. Additionally one or more MG3 machine guns are fitted.

Protection

The Jaguar is operated under full armor protection, except for the Jaguar 2 in which the gunner manually operates the launcher. With the increased bolt on protection the steel armor protects the crew from 30mm autocannon fire. NBC and fire extinguishing systems are standard. A total of 8 smoke grenade dischargers are fitted.

Mobility

The tracked chassis provides the Jaguar with a good cross country ability. A Daimler-Benz 500 hp diesel engine provides propulsion. The Jaguar has maximum speed of 70 km/h forward and in reverse. It is not amphibious.

Users

A total of 370 new Jagdpanzer Rakete were ordered by Germany. Of these 316 were upgraded to Jaguar 1 standard. Austria received 90 ex-German Jaguar 1. A total of 162 Jagdpanzer Kanone were converted into Jaguar 2, which is the only version that remains in active Germany service. Since the threat of large scale armored warfare is reduced the Jaguar has lost its reason for existence and is phased out by both nations.

Variants

Jagdpanzer Rakete

The Jagdpanzer Rakete looks similar to the Jagdpanzer Kanone. It is also known as the RaketenJagdPanzer 2 / RakJPz 2 in German service. The same chassis as the Jagdpanzer Kanone is used but instead of a cannon two launchers for SS-11 missiles have been fitted. Both launchers cover the forwar 180 degree arc. The left launcher can only fire forwards and to the left and the right launcher only forward and to the right.

TypeTank destroyer
Crew4 (commander, driver, gunner, bow gunner)
Length6.4 m
Width3.0 m
Height2.1 m (hull), 2.6 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.44 m
Weight23.0 t combat load
Ground pressure0.63 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, idler front, drive sprocket rear, 3.8 m length, 0.45 m width, 2.54 m track
Turn radius?
EngineDaimler-Benz MB 837 V8 diesel, 500 hp at 2.000 rpm
Power ratio21.7 hp/t
TransmissionRenk HSWL 123
Speed70 km/h forward and reverse
Fuel470 L
Range400 km
Wall0.8 m
Trench2.0 m
Gradient60% gradient
Fording1.4 m unprepared, 2.1 m with kit
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentYes
Night vision?
Smoke8x 76mm smoke grenade dischargers
Remarks-
ArmamentSS-11 missile launcher (2x)
7.62mm MG3 machine gun (2x)
Weapon1SS-11 missile pedestal launcher (2x)
14 missiles carried, 2 ready to fire
0 to +20° elevation
0 - 90° left launcher, 270 - 360° right launcher
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm MG3 bow machine gun
3.200 rounds in total
-8 to +15° elevation, manual
-15 to +15° traverse, manual
non-stabilized
Weapon37.62mm MG3 roof machine gun
3.200 rounds in total
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

Jagdpanzer Jaguar 1

The Jaguar 1 is derived from the Jagdpanzer Rakete. It is armed with a single HOT missile launcher that is connected to an autoloader with an eight round capacity. Additional armor has been bolted on the superstructure to increase protection. The bow machine gun has been retained and a second a MG3 medium machine gun is mounted on the roof for self-defense.

TypeTank destroyer
Crew4 (commander, driver, gunner, bow gunner)
Length6.61 m
Width3.12 m
Height1.98 m (hull), 2.54 m (launcher)
Ground clearance0.44 m
Weight25.5 t combat load
Ground pressure0.70 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, idler front, drive sprocket rear, 3.8 m length, 0.45 m width, 2.54 m track
Turn radius?
EngineDaimler-Benz MB 837 V8 diesel, 500 hp at 2.000 rpm
Power ratio19.6 hp/t
TransmissionRenk HSWL 123
Speed70 km/h forward and reverse
Fuel470 L
Range400 km
Wall0.75 m
Trench2 m
Gradient58% gradient, 30% slope
Fording1.2 m unprepared, 1.8 m prepared
ArmorSteel, 12 to 50 mm
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke8x 76mm smoke grenade dischargers
Remarks-
ArmamentHOT missile launcher
7.62mm MG3 machine gun (2x)
Weapon1HOT missile pedestal launcher
HOT 1 and HOT 2 missiles
20 missiles carried, 1 ready to fire
Weapon27.62mm MG3 bow machine gun
3.200 rounds in total
-8 to +15° elevation, manual
-15 to +15° traverse, manual
non-stabilized
Weapon37.62mm MG3 roof machine gun
3.200 rounds in total
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

Jagdpanzer Jaguar 2

The Jaguar 2 is derived from the Jagdpanzer Kanone. The cannon has been removed and the front is welded over. It is armed with a pedestal mounted TOW launcher fitted with an AN/TAS-4 night sight. It is fitted with a similar additional armor package as the Jaguar 1. A single MG3 medium machine gun is mounted on the roof for self-defense. Unlike the Jaguar 1 is has no bow machine gun. The TOW launcher can be used on a tripod away from the vehicle.

TypeTank destroyer
Crew4 (commander, driver, gunner, loader)
Length6.61 m
Width3.12 m
Height2.55 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.44 m
Weight24.8 t combat load
Ground pressure0.68 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, idler front, drive sprocket rear, 3.8 m length, 0.45 m width, 2.54 m track
Turn radius?
EngineDaimler-Benz MB 837 V8 diesel, 500 hp at 2.000 rpm
Power ratio20.2 hp/t
TransmissionRenk HSWL 123
Speed70 km/h forward and reverse
Fuel470 L
Range400 km
Wall0.75 m
Trench2 m
Gradient58% gradient, 30% slope
Fording1.2 m unprepared, 1.8 m prepared
ArmorSteel, 12 to 50 mm
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke8x 76mm smoke grenade dischargers
Remarks-
ArmamentTOW missile launcher
7.62mm MG3 machine gun
Weapon1TOW missile pedestal launcher
TOW 1 missiles
12 missiles carried, 1 ready to fire
-10 to +15° elevation, manual
-30 to +30° traverse, manual
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm MG3 roof machine gun
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

Media

Copyright © 2002 - 2014 Weaponsystems.net