Combat vehicles / Fire support vehicles / Scorpion

Scorpion

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Light tank

  • ORIGIN
    United Kingdom

  • NICKNAMES
    FV101 (UK military designation)

  • DESIGNED
    1967 - 1972

  • DESIGNER
    Alvis

  • PRODUCTION
    1972 - ?

  • PRODUCERS
    United Kingdom

  • QUANTITY
    Over 1.200

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good mobility
    Small silhouette
    Limited weight
    Limited armor protection

Introduction

The Scorpion is a light tank of UK origin. It was the main vehicle of the Combat Vehicle Reconnaissance (Tracked) program and was accepted for service in 1973. In British service the Scorpion was called the FV101.

Layout

The Scorpion has a similar layout to other CVR(T) vehicles. The crew of three consists of a commander, driver and gunner. The driver is seated on the left with the engine to his right. The other crewmembers are seated in the turret which is mounted at the rear of the vehicle.

Firepower

The Scorpion is fitted with the low velocity 76mm Royal Ordnance L23A1 cannon. A total of 40 rounds are carried. The Scorpion 90 is fitted with a 90mm Cockerill cannon. An L43A1 version of the MAG medium machine gun is fitted as a coaxial weapon.

Protection

The aluminum armor provides protection against small arms fire and shell splinters. Over the frontal arc it protects against 14.5mm rounds. A total of six smoke grenade launchers are fitted.

Mobility

The Scorpion is a very mobile vehicle. Due to its light weight it has a very high road speed for a tracked vehicle. A Cummins 190hp diesel engine provides propulsion. The Scorpion is amphibious, being propelled in the water by its tracks.

Users

The main user of the Scorpion was the UK. In British service the Scorpion was used as a reconnaissance and fire support vehicle. The Scorpion has been exported to well over a dozen nations with well over 1.200 Scorpions having been produced.

Variants

Scorpion

The original version of the Scorpion is plainly called the Scorpion. It is armed with a 76mm Royal Ordnance cannon. Since the Scorpion 90 entered production the original Scorpion is sometimes referred to as Scorpion 76.

TypeLight tank
Crew3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Length4.79 m
Width2.24 m
Height2.10 m
Ground clearance0.36 m
Weight8.1 t combat load
Ground pressure0.36 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, idler rear, sprocket front, 0.43 m width, 1.71 m track
Turn radiusskid turns
EngineJaguar J60 No 1 Mk 199B 4.2L 6-cylinder petrol, 190 hp at 4.750 rpm
Power ratio23.5 hp/t
TransmissionTN15 crossdrive semi-automatic, 7 forward, 7 reverse
Speed81 km/h
Fuel423 L
Range644 km
Wall0.5 m
Trench0.5 m
Gradient60% gradient
FordingAmphibious, 1.1 m unprepared
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke2x4 smoke grenades
Remarks-
Armament76mm L23 cannon
7.62mm L43A1 coaxial MG
Weapon176mm L23 cannon in turret
40 rounds
-10 to +35 degrees elevation
360 degrees traverse
non-stabalized
Weapon27.62mm L43A1 coaxial machine gun
traverse and elevation as main armament
3.000 rounds
non-stabilized
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

Scorpion 90

The Scorpion 90 was developed for the export market. It is similar to the original Scorpion except for the fact that it mounts a 90mm Cockerill cannon instead of a 76mm Royal Ordnance cannon. Late production vehicles are sometimes referred to as the Scorpion 2.

TypeLight tank
Crew3 (commander, driver, gunner)
Length4.79 m (hull), 5.29 m (gun forward)
Width2.23 m
Height2.10 m
Ground clearance0.42 m
Weight8.7 t combat load
Ground pressure0.37 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, idler rear, sprocket front, 0.43 m width, 1.71 m track
Turn radiusskid turns
EnginePerkins diesel, 200 hp at 2.700 rpm
Power ratio22.9 hp/t
TransmissionTN15 crossdrive semi-automatic, 7 forward, 7 reverse
Speed73 km/h
Fuel391 L
Range765 km
Wall0.5 m
Trench0.5 m
Gradient60% gradient
FordingAmphibious, 1.1 m unprepared
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke2x4 smoke grenades
Remarks-
Armament90mm Mk III cannon
7.62mm L43A1 coaxial MG
Weapon190mm Cockerill Mk III cannon in turret
33 rounds
-8 to + 10 degrees elevation
360 degrees traverse
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm L43A1 coaxial machine gun
traverse and elevation as main armament
3.000 rounds
non-stabilized
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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