1956 - 1960
1960 - 1977
Japan - Komatsu
252 built, production complete.
- UNIT COST
Limited production cost
Fire support capability
Limited range and accuracy
Crew exposed during reloading
The Type 60 is a tank destroyer of Japanese origin. It is an unusual vehicle and the last dedicated tank destroyer in use that was built around recoilless rifles.
The Type 60 has an unusual design. The two recoilless rifles and commander's compartment in the middle can be raised, providing a better elevation, traverse and firing height. The driver is seated on the left and the loader on the right of the weapons compartment. The engine is mounted at the rear and the drive train at the front.
Armament consists of two 106mm M40 recoilless rifles, designated Type 60 in Japan. The effective range is 1.1 km versus vehicles, with a slant range up to 7 km. A 12.7mm ranging machine gun is used to improve targeting.
The steel armor protects the crew from small arms fire and shell splinters. No NBC system or smoke grenade launchers are fitted. When reloading the weapons the loader must exit the vehicle and reload the weapons from the outside.
The tracked chassis provides a reasonable all terrain capability. The maximum speed and power to weight ratio are rather limited. A Komatsu 120 hp diesel engine provides propulsion.
As with most Japanese weapon systems developed after World War 2 the Type 60 was not exported. The sole user of the Type 60 was Japan. It was gradually replaced by guided anti-tank missiles until in the late 2000's it was out of service.
The Type 60 is a tank destroyer that was built around two 106mm M40 recoilless rifles. The vehicle was purpose built and was not derived from another type of vehicle. It came in three production batches. The second batch had a strengthened chassis and the third was fitted with a more powerful engine.
- Type 60
|Crew||3 (commander, driver, loader)|
|Ground clearance||0.35 m|
|Weight||7.6 t unloaded, 8.0 t combat load|
|Ground pressure||0.67 kg/cm2|
|Wheelbase||Tracks with 5 roadwheels, drive sprocked front, idler rear|
|Engine||Komatsu 6T 120-2, 6 cylinder diesel, 120 hp at 2.400 rpm|
|Power ratio||15.0 hp/t|
|Transmission||Manual, 4 forward, 1 reverse|
|Gradient||60 % gradient, 30 % slope|
|Armor||Steel, up to 12 mm|
|Armament||106mm Type 60 recoilless rifle (2x)|
|Weapon1||106mm Type 60 recoilless rifle (2x)|
twin mount in middle of vehicle
8 rounds, 2 ready to fire
10 degrees left and right traverse when lowered, 30 degrees left and right when raised
-5 to +10 degrees elevation when lowered, -20 to + 15 degrees when raised