Combat vehicles / Armored personnel carriers / BTR-60

BTR-60

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Armored personnel carrier

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    GAZ-49 (nickname for BTR-60P)
    GAZ-49A (nickname for BTR-60PA)
    GAZ-49B (nickname for BTR-60PB)
    SPW-60 / Schützenpanzerwagen 60 (East Germany)

  • DESIGNED
    Mid 1950’s

  • DESIGNER
    V. A. Dedkov

  • PRODUCTION
    1959 - 1976

  • PRODUCERS
    USSR - GAZ

  • QUANTITY
    About 25.000 produced in the USSR

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Good mobility and amphibious
    Well armed in BTR-60PB version
    Limited production costs
    Limited protection level
    Reliability issues with engine setup

Introduction

The BTR-60 is an armored personnel carrier of Soviet origin. It was developed in the mid-1950’s to supplement and replace the earlier BTR-152. The BTR-60 was produced in very large quantities and was one of the prominent Soviet combat vehicles. The name BTR stands for Bronetransportyor, which translates to armored transporter. The BTR-60 was supplemented by the BTR-70, a similar but improved design.

Layout

The BTR-60 has a layout which was considered unconventional at the time. The driver and commander are seated at the front, the troop compartment is at the middle and the engines are fitted at the rear. The 8x8 chassis with four steerable front wheels results in a long and sleek vehicle. Early versions were fitted with pintle mounted machine guns but the final and most common main variant introduced a one man turret.

Firepower

The original BTR-60P and BTR-60PA were fitted with one or more pintle mounted 7.62mm SGMB or 12.7mm DShK machine guns. The BTR-60PB is fitted with a one man turret with 14.5mm KPVT heavy machine gun and 7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun.

Protection

The steel armor protects the crew from small arms fire and shell splinters. The BTR-60P had no armored roof making the crew vulnerable from high angle fire. The wheels are vulnerable to puncture but the vehicle remains mobile with one or two punctures.

Mobility

The 8x8 chassis provides a good off road capability, although not at the same level as tracked vehicles. This is offset by a high road speed of up to 80 km/h. Two separate 90 hp gasoline engine provide propulsion, a setup which proved prone to brake downs. The BTR-60 is amphibious and propelled in the water by a water jet at the rear at speeds up to 10 km/h.

Users

The BTR-60 was used in large quantities by the USSR and Warsaw Pact nations and many were exported to nations with close ties to the USSR. Many have been replaced by more modern designs, including the BTR-70 and BTR-80, but large quantities remain in service around the world.

Variants

BTR-60P

BTR-60P: Original production version without roof. Usually armed only with 7.62mm machine guns. Produced between 1960 and 1963.
BTR-60PA: The BTR-60PA is a BTR-60P with armored roof, reducing the troop capacity from 14 to 8. Usually armed with single 12.7mm DShKM, with one or two 7.62mm machine guns being optional. Produced from 1963 to 1966.

TypeArmored personnel carrier
Crew2 + 14 (commander, driver, 14 troops)
Length7.52 m
Width2.91 m
Height2.38 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.47 m
Weight9.8 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 8x8, 1.35 + 1.53 + 1.35 m wheelbase, 2.37 m track
Turn radius?
Engine2x GAZ-49B 6-cylinder petrol, 90 hp at 3.400 rpm each
Power ratio18.4 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Speed80 km/h on road, 10 km/h in water
Fuel290 L
Range500 km on road
Wall0.4 m
Trench2 m
Gradient60% gradient, 40% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel, 5 to 9 mm
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionYes
SmokeNo
Remarks-
Armament7.62mm SGMB machine gun
Weapon17.62mm SGMB machine gun on pintle mount
1.250 rounds, 250 ready to fire
-6 to +24° elevation, manual
-90 to +90° traverse, manual
non-stabilized
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TypeArmored personnel carrier
Crew2 + 12 (commander, driver, 12 troops)
Length7.56 m
Width2.83 m
Height2.06 m
Ground clearance0.47 m
Weight10.0 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 8x8, 1.35 + 1.53 + 1.35 m wheelbase, 2.37 m track
Turn radius?
Engine2x GAZ-49B 6-cylinder petrol, 90 hp at 3.400 rpm each
Power ratio18.0 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Speed80 km/h on road, 10 km/h in water
Fuel290 L
Range500 km on road
Wall0.4 m
Trench2 m
Gradient60% gradient, 40% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel, 5 to 9 mm
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
SmokeNo
Remarks-
Armament7.62mm SGMB machine gun
Weapon17.62mm SGMB machine gun on pintle mount
2.000 rounds, 250 ready to fire
-6 to +24° elevation, manual
-90 to +90° traverse, manual
non-stabilized
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BTR-60PB

BTR-60PAI: Original version with BPU-1 turret. Quickly replaced in production by improved BTR-60PB. Produced only from 1965 to 1966.
BTR-60PB: BTR-60PAI with improved sights. Main production variant of the BTR-60. Produced from 1966 to 1976.

TypeArmored personnel carrier
Crew3 + 7 (commander, driver, gunner, 7 troops)
Length7.56 m
Width2.83 m
Height2.06 m (roof), 2.31 m (turret top)
Ground clearance0.47 m
Weight10.3 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 8x8, 1.35 + 1.53 + 1.35 m wheelbase, 2.37 m track
Turn radius?
Engine2x GAZ-49B 6-cylinder petrol, 90 hp at 3.400 rpm each
Power ratio17.5 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Speed80 km/h on road, 10 km/h in water
Fuel290 L
Range500 km on road
Wall0.4 m
Trench2 m
Gradient60% gradient, 40% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel, 5 to 9 mm
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
SmokeNo
Remarks-
Armament14.5mm KPVT heavy machine gun
7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
Weapon114.5mm KPVT in turret
500 rounds, 50 ready to fire
-5 to +30° elevation, manual
360° traverse, manual
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
2.000 rounds, 250 ready to fire
traverse and elevation as main armament
Weapon3-
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