Combat vehicles / Armored personnel carriers / BTR-80

BTR-80

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Armored personnel carrier

  • ORIGIN
    USSR

  • NICKNAMES
    GAZ-5903 (BTR-80)
    GAZ-59031 (BTR-80K)
    GAZ-59032 (increased roofline BTR-80)
    GAZ-59033 (BREM-K)
    GAZ-59034 (BTR-80A)
    GAZ-59039 (BMM-80)

  • DESIGNED
    Early 1980's

  • DESIGNER
    Arzamas Machine Building Plant (AMZ)

  • PRODUCTION
    1986 - present

  • PRODUCERS
    Russia - AMZ
    USSR - AMZ

  • QUANTITY
    Unknown

  • UNIT COST
    About $ 500.000 for BTR-80A in 2002

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Improved protection over older BTR models
    Reliable automotive components
    Powerful armament on some variants
    Good mobility and amphibious capability
    Too little armor for true IFV role

Introduction

The BTR-80 is an armored personnel carrier of Soviet origin. It was developed as a follow on to the successful BTR-70 and BTR-60PB. The general layout remains similar but the design has been improved in every aspect.

Layout

The BTR-80 has the same general layout as the earlier BTR-70. The driver and commander are seated in the front, the turret and crew compartment is located in the middle and the engine is located at the rear. The crew may enter the vehicle through two part doors on each side and via roof hatches. The BTR-80 chassis is used for a wide variety of specialist vehicles in the command, reconnaissance and recovery role.

Firepower

The original BTR-80 is armed in the same manner as the BTR-70. It has a turret with a 14.5mm KPVT heavy machine gun and coaxial 7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun. The increased elevation allows it to target helicopters and low flying aircraft. The BTR-80A is much better armed since it is fitted with an overhead weapons system with 30mm 2A72 autocannon and 7.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun.

Protection

The protection level of the BTR-80 is improved over the earlier BTR-70, especially regarding mines. The steel armor protects the crew from small arms fire and shell splinters all around and from 12.7mm rounds over the frontal arc. An NBC system is standard and smoke grenade launchers are fitted to the turret.

Mobility

The 8x8 chassis provides good mobility on roads and in the field. The maximum speed is 80 km/h on roads. A single 260 hp diesel engine provides propulsion. The single engine setup makes the BTR-80 much more reliable than its predecessors. The amphibious capability has been slightly improved.

Users

The BTR-80 is widely used by Russian forces and various Eastern European nations. Large quantities have been exported, but not to the extent as earlier designs. The newer models with autocannon make the BTR-80 design a very attractive all-round and cost effective combat vehicle.

Variants

BTR-80

The BTR-80 is the baseline vehicle from which the BTR-80 variants are derived. The BTR-80 is armed with a similar turret as the BTR-70. The BTR-80 series can be easily identified by the two part doors on the sides and rear engine deck.

BTR-80: Standard and most common version of the BTR-80 series.
BTR-80K: Command version of the BTR-80. It features a telescopic antenna mast and additional radios. BTR-80AK: A BTR-80K with the same BPPU turret as used on the BTR-80A. RKhM-4: NBC reconnaissance vehicle based on the BTR-80.

TypeArmored personnel carrier
Crew2 + 8 (driver, gunner, 8 infantry)
Length7.65 m
Width2.90 m
Height2.35 m (turret top)
Ground clearance0.48 m
Weight13.6 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 8x8, 4.4 m wheelbase, 2.41 m track
Turn radius13.2 m
EngineKaMAZ-7403 V8 diesel, 260 hp
Power ratio19.1 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed90 km/h on road, 10 km/h in water
Fuel300 L
Range600 km on road
Wall0.5 m
Trench2 m
Gradient60% gradient, 42% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke6x 81mm smoke grenade discharger
Remarks-
Armament14.5mm KPVT heavy machine gun
7.62mm PKT machine gun
Weapon114.5mm KPVT heavy machine gun in turret
500 rounds, 50 ready to fire
-4 to +60° elevation, manual
360° traverse, manual
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
2.000 rounds, 250 ready to fire
traverse and elevation as main armament
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

BTR-80A

The BTR-80A is a version of the BTR-80 with improved armament. The original turret is replaced by the BPPU overhead weapon system which is fitted with a 30mm 2A72 autocannon and 7.62mm PKT machine gun. The 2A72 has a longer effective range than the KPVT and is much more powerful, allowing it to engage most light and medium combat vehicles.

BTR-80A: BTR-80 with the BPPU turret with 30mm 2A72 autocannon.
BTR-80S: BTR-80 with the BPPU turret with 14.5mm KPVT heavy machine gun.

TypeArmored personnel carrier
Crew2 + 8 (driver, gunner, 8 infantry)
Length7.7 m
Width2.95 m
Height2.80 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.48 m
Weight14.5 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 8x8, 4.4 m wheelbase, 2.41 m track
Turn radius13 m
EngineYaMZ-238M2 V8 diesel, 240 hp
Power ratio16.5 hp/t
TransmissionManual, 5 forward, 1 reverse
Speed80 km/h on road, 9 km/h in water
Fuel300 L
Range600 km on road
Wall0.5 m
Trench2 m
Gradient60% gradient, 42% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentYes
Night visionYes
Smoke6x 81mm smoke grenade discharger
Remarks-
Armament30mm 2A72 autocannon
7.62mm PKT machine gun
Weapon130mm 2A72 autocannon in turret
300 rounds, all ready to fire
-5 to +70° elevation
360° traverse
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm PKT coaxial machine gun
2.000 rounds, 250 ready to fire
traverse and elevation as main armament
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

BTR-82

The BTR-82 is an improved version of the BTR-80 that is produced since 2010. The improvements include a spall liner, new night vision sights, GLONASS navigation, more powerful engine and same BPPU turret as fitted on the BTR-80A/S.

BTR-82: BTR-82 with the BPPU turret with 14.5mm KPVT as used on the BTR-80S.
BTR-82A: BTR-82 with the BPPU turret with 30mm 2A72 as used on the BTR-80A.

BREM-K

The BREM-K is a recovery vehicle that is based on the BTR-80. The turret is armed with only the PKT machine gun and features a winching installation that is used in conjunction with the A-frame that can be fitted at the nose of the vehicle. Two outriggers at the front provide stabilization when the A-frame is used. A stowage platform is installed on the rear deck.

BMM-80

Since 1993 the increased roofline BTR-80 has been used for the ambulance role. Three types of vehicles are used in conjunction to provide a medical infrastructure on the battlefield.

BMM-1: Battlefield ambulance used in the first aid and evacuation role.
BMM-2: Ambulance used for medical treatment at battalion level.
BMM-3: Mobile field hospital.

GAZ-59032

A wide variety of command and control and signals and communications vehicles are based on the increased roofline model of the BTR-80. These vehicles are unarmed and provide a wide variety of services.

K1Sh1: Air defense command post.
PU-12M6: Air defense command post for use with SA-8, SA-9, SA-13, 2S6 and ZSU-23-4.
1V152 Kapustnik-B: Artillery spotter vehicle with a variety of optics and navigation systems.
R-149BMRA: Command and signals vehicle with large extendable antenna mast.
R-149MA3: Command and signals vehicle.

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