Combat vehicles / Armored personnel carriers / KIFV

KIFV

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Armored personnel carrier

  • ORIGIN
    South Korea

  • NICKNAMES
    MICV (Malaysian version)

  • DESIGNED
    1981 - 1984

  • DESIGNER
    FMC Corporation

  • PRODUCTION
    1985 - 2006

  • PRODUCERS
    South Korea - Daewoo

  • QUANTITY
    2.383 including 111 for Malaysia

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Improved mobility over original AIFV
    Parts interchangability among variants
    Lacks firepower

Introduction

The KIFV is an armored personnel carrier of South Korean origin. It was developed in the early 1980's and is a further development of the US AIFV. The name KIFV stands for Korean Infantry Fighting Vehicle. Unlike most users of the AIFV South Korea never adopted a mechanized infantry combat vehicle version.

Layout

The KIFV has the same general layout as the AIFV. The two hatch arangement with the turret on the right is retained. Only several specialist vehicles having a single turret in the middle. The early batch KIFV already had a slightly better mobility than the original AIFV. The improved A1 model is the the standard production variant and introduces a steering wheel instead of tillers, a more power engine and a fully automatic transmission.

Firepower

The standard armored personnel carrier is armed with a 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun in a small one man turret on the right. Additionally a 7.62mm M60 machine gun on a pintle mount is fitted at the commander's hatch at the left. The KIFV variants include 81mm and 107mm mortar carriers and an air defense version with 20mm Vulcan turret as mounted on the US M163.

Protection

The KIFV has an aluminum hull with additional spaced steel armor on the sides. This protects the crew from small arms fire and shell splinters all around and from heavy machine gun rounds over the frontal arc. An NBC system is optional and six smoke grenade dischargers are fitted.

Mobility

The tracked chassis provides a good all terrain performance. A MAN 350 hp diesel engine provides propulsionin the A1 models. The maximum speed is 70 km/h and the operational range is 480 km. The KIFV is fully amphibious and propelled in the water by its tracks.

Users

The KIFV is the main armored personnel carrier in South Korean service with over 2.000 in service. The only export sale of the KIFV was to Malaysia.

Variants

K200

The K200 is the standard armored personnel carrier version of the KIFV and is the most produced variant. It is armed with a one man turret with 12.7mm M2HB machine gun and a pintle mounted 7.62mm M60 machine gun.

K200: Original armored personnel carrier version.
K200A1: K200 with improved mobility.
K200A1 ambulance: Unarmed ambulance version based on the K200.
K261A1: NBC reconnaissance vehicle based on the K200 with detection equipment at the rear.

TypeArmored personnel carrier
Crew3 + 9 (commander, driver, gunner, 9 infantry)
Length5.49 m
Width2.85 m
Height1.93 m (hull top), 2.54 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.41 m
Weight10.7 t empty, 12.9 t combat load
Ground pressure0.63 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 0.38 m width
Turn radius?
EngineMAN D2848T V8 diesel, 280 hp at 2.300 rpm
Power ratio21.7 hp/t
TransmissionT-300 semi-automatic, 7 forward, 7 reverse
Speed74 km/h on road, 6 km/h in water
Fuel400 L
Range480 km
Wall0.6 m
Trench1.7 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentOptional
Night visionYes
Smoke6x smoke grenade launcher
Remarks-
Armament12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
7.62mm M60 machine gun
Weapon112.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun on ring mount
100 rounds ready to fire, total number unknown
manual elevation and traverse
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm M60 machine gun on pintle mount
100 rounds ready to fire, total number unknown
manual elevation and traverse
non-stabilized
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-
TypeArmored personnel carrier
Crew3 + 9 (commander, driver, gunner, 9 infantry)
Length5.49 m
Width2.85 m
Height1.93 m (hull top), 2.54 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.41 m
Weight11.0 t empty, 13.2 t combat load
Ground pressure0.64 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 0.38 m width
Turn radius?
EngineMAN D2848T V8 diesel, 350 hp at 2.300 rpm
Power ratio26.5 hp/t
TransmissionX200-5K automatic, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Speed70 km/h on road, 6 km/h in water
Fuel400 L
Range480 km
Wall0.6 m
Trench1.7 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentOptional
Night visionYes
Smoke6x smoke grenade launcher
Remarks-
Armament12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
7.62mm M60 machine gun
Weapon112.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun on ring mount
100 rounds ready to fire, total number unknown
manual elevation and traverse
non-stabilized
Weapon27.62mm M60 machine gun on pintle mount
100 rounds ready to fire, total number unknown
manual elevation and traverse
non-stabilized
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

K277

The K277A1 is an armored command post vehicle based on the K200. It has a raised roof can is fitted with tables, communications equipment and an NBC detection unit. A ring mounted 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun is fitted. A tent can be erected at the rear to increase the available space.

TypeCommand post vehicle
Crew6 (driver, 5 operators)
Length5.5 m
Width2.85 m
Height2.5 m (hull top)
Ground clearance0.41 m
Weight?
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 0.38 m width
Turn radius?
EngineMAN D2848T V8 diesel, 350 hp at 2.300 rpm
Power ratio?
TransmissionX200-5K automatic, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Speed70 km/h on road, 6 km/h in water
Fuel400 L
Range480 km
Wall0.6 m
Trench1.7 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentOptional
Night visionYes
Smoke6x smoke grenade launcher
Remarks-
Armament12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
Weapon112.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun on ring mount
100 rounds ready to fire, total number unknown
manual elevation and traverse
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

K263

The K263A1 is the self-propelled anti-aircraft gun variant of the KIFV. It is fitted with the same turret as used on the US M163 Vulcan. The K263A1 is fitted with the range only radar on the right of the turret. The 20mm M168 minigun may also be used against ground targets.

TypeSelf-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Crew4 (commander, driver, gunner, assistant)
Length5.49 m
Width2.85 m
Height2.92 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.41 m
Weight11.8 t empty, 13.2 t combat load
Ground pressure0.64 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 0.38 m width
Turn radius?
EngineMAN D2848T V8 diesel, 350 hp at 2.300 rpm
Power ratio26.5 hp/t
TransmissionX200-5K automatic, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Speed70 km/h on road, 6 km/h in water
Fuel400 L
Range480 km
Wall0.6 m
Trench1.7 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentOptional
Night visionYes
Smoke6x smoke grenade launcher
Remarks-
Armament20mm M168 autocannon
Weapon120mm M168 autocannon in turret
1.850 rounds
-5 to +80° elevation, powered
360° traverse, powered
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
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K242

The K242 and K281 are mortar carriers based on the KIFV chassis. The mortar is mountd on a turntable at the rear and fires through large hatches in the roof. The crew and ammunition are carried within the vehicle. A baseplate is carried to use the mortar away from the vehicle. A 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun is fitted for self-defense.

K242A1: KIFV mortar carrier with 107mm M30 mortar.
K281A1: KIFV mortar carrier with 81mm mortar.

TypeSelf-propelled mortar
Crew5 (commander, driver, 3 mortar crew)
Length5.49 m
Width2.85 m
Height1.93 m (hull top), 2.54 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.41 m
Weight13.2 t combat load
Ground pressure0.64 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 0.38 m width
Turn radius?
EngineMAN D2848T V8 diesel, 350 hp at 2.300 rpm
Power ratio26.5 hp/t
TransmissionX200-5K automatic, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Speed70 km/h on road, 6 km/h in water
Fuel400 L
Range480 km
Wall0.6 m
Trench1.7 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentOptional
Night visionYes
Smoke6x smoke grenade launcher
Remarks-
Armament12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
Weapon1107mm M30 mortar in rear compartment
88 rounds max, normally 70 carried
manual elevation and traverse, non-stabilized
Weapon212.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun on ring mount
100 rounds ready to fire, total number unknown
manual elevation and traverse, non-stabilized
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-
TypeSelf-propelled mortar
Crew5 (commander, driver, 3 mortar crew)
Length5.49 m
Width2.85 m
Height1.93 m (hull top), 2.54 m (overall)
Ground clearance0.41 m
Weight12.9 t combat load
Ground pressure0.63 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 0.38 m width
Turn radius?
EngineMAN D2848T V8 diesel, 350 hp at 2.300 rpm
Power ratio27.1 hp/t
TransmissionX200-5K automatic, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Speed70 km/h on road, 6 km/h in water
Fuel400 L
Range480 km
Wall0.6 m
Trench1.7 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentOptional
Night visionYes
Smoke6x smoke grenade launcher
Remarks-
Armament12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
Weapon181mm M29 mortar in rear compartment
114 rounds max, normally 99 carried
manual elevation and traverse
non-stabilized
Weapon212.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun on ring mount
100 rounds ready to fire, total number unknown
manual elevation and traverse, non-stabilized
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

K288

The K288A1 is an armored recovery vehicle based on the KIFV. It is fitted with a 10 t winch that can be double rigged for a 20 t capacity. A 6t crane is located at the rear of the of the vehicle which may be used to change engine blocks. Additionally tools and spare parts are carried. Two outriggers are fitted at the rear for use when operating the winch. A ring mounted 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun is fitted for self-defense.

TypeArmored recovery vehicle
Crew4 (commander, driver, 2 pioneers)
Length5.93 m
Width2.91 m
Height1.83 m (hull top), 3.05 (stowed crane)
Ground clearance0.41 m
Weight12.8 t empty, 14.5 t combat load
Ground pressure0.75 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, drive sprocket front, idler rear, 0.38 m width
Turn radius?
EngineMAN D2848T V8 diesel, 350 hp at 2.300 rpm
Power ratio24.1 hp/t
TransmissionX200-5K automatic, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Speed65 km/h on road, 6 km/h in water
Fuel400 L
Range280 km
Wall0. m
Trench1.7 m
Gradient60% gradient, 30% slope
FordingAmphibious
ArmorAluminum
NBC equipmentOptional
Night visionYes
Smoke6x smoke grenade launcher
Remarks10 t winch, 6 t crane
Armament12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
Weapon112.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun on ring mount
100 rounds ready to fire, total number unknown
manual elevation and traverse
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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