Combat vehicles / Armored personnel carriers / Saxon

Saxon

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Armored personnel carrier

  • ORIGIN
    United Kingdom

  • NICKNAMES
    AT-105 (manufacturer's designation)

  • DESIGNED
    1975

  • DESIGNER
    GKN Sankey

  • PRODUCTION
    1976 - early 1990's

  • PRODUCERS
    United Kingdom - GKN Sankey

  • QUANTITY
    Over 700

  • UNIT COST
    over GBP 100.000 in 1984

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    Limited costs
    Good mobility
    Limited armor

Introduction

The Saxon is an armored personnel carrier of UK origin. It started out as a private venture by Sankey in the 1970's and was named the AT-105. It is a major improvement over the previous AT-104, which was adopted by several nations. When acquired by the UK army in the early 1980's the name was changed to Saxon. It was acquired as a low cost APC to quickly ferry British troops to the European battlefield by road.

Layout

The Saxon is a much improved version of the AT-104 and is also based on a Bedford commercial 4x4 truck chassis. The engine is mounted at the front and the driver is seated on the right of the engine in an armored cab. The commander is seated behind the driver. The rear compartment seats 8 passengers, although in UK service a rifle squad of 10

Firepower

The Saxon is armed with a 7.62mm MAG or Bren L4 machine gun, which is either pintle mounted or mounted in a small turret. The Saxon has no firing ports for the passengers. Most Saxon in police use are unarmed.

Protection

The steel armor protects the occupants of the Saxon from small arms fire and shell splinters. A redesigned V-shaped hull provides better protection from mines than the previous AT-104, but not as much as South African mine protected vehicles. The Saxon lacks an NBC system and smoke grenade dischargers.

Mobility

The 4x4 chassis gives the Saxon a very good mobility on roads and average cross country performance. A 164hp Bedford diesel engine provides propulsion, although the latest production batches were produced with different engines.

Users

The major user of the Saxon is the UK army. Over 600 were acquired to serve as armored personnel carriers or ambulances. In UK service the Saxon is to be replaced by a more modern armored personnel carrier. The Saxon was exported to a handful of nations and was mostly adopted for police use.

Variants

Saxon

the Saxon is a light armored personnel carrier which can also be used for the internal security role. Several versions have been produced, including an ambulance, commando vehicle and improved internal security version. The variants are very similar to the standard armored personnel carrier version.

TypeArmored personnel carrier
Crew2 + 8 or 10 (driver, gunner, 8 or 10 passengers)
Length5.17 m
Width2.49 m
Height2.63 m, 2.86 m (turret top)
Ground clearance0.29 m
Weight9.9 t empty, 11.7 t combat load
Ground pressure?
WheelbaseWheeled chassis, 4x4, 14.00x20 tires, 3.07 m wheelbase, 1.99 m track
Turn radius7.6 m
EngineBedford 500 V6 diesel, 164 hp at 2.800 rpm
Power ratio14.1 hp/t
TransmissionAllison AT-545 automatic, 4 forward, 1 reverse
Speed96 km/h on road
Fuel153 L
Range480 km
Wall0.4 m
Trench?
Gradient60% gradient
Fording1.1 m
ArmorSteel
NBC equipmentNo
Night visionNo
SmokeNo
Remarks-
Armament7.62mm MAG machine gun
Weapon17.62mm MAG machine gun in turret or on pintle mount
manual traverse and elevation
non-stabilized
Weapon2-
Weapon3-
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Weapon5-
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