Combat vehicles / Infantry fighting vehicles / Achzarit

Achzarit

General Facts

  • TYPE
    Mechanized infantry combat vehicle

  • ORIGIN
    Israel

  • NICKNAMES
    -

  • DESIGNED
    Mid 1980's

  • DESIGNER
    NIMDA

  • PRODUCTION
    1988 - ?

  • PRODUCERS
    Israel - NIMDA

  • QUANTITY
    At least 276 produced.

  • UNIT COST
    Unknown

  • CHARACTERISTICS
    High level of allround and frontal protection
    Limited production cost due to use of captured vehicles
    Good offroad mobility
    Limited firepower
    Low power in original production model
    Very heavy

Introduction

The Achzarit is a late Cold War era mechanized infantry combat vehicle of Israeli origin. Unlike foreign mechanized infantry combat vehicles the Achzarit emphasizes on armour instead of firepower. The Achzarit is based on the chassis of captured T-54 and T-55 main battle tanks. The Achzarit is supplements and replaces older heavy armored personnel carriers based on the Centurion chassis.

Layout

The Achzarit is based on a T-54 or T-55 tank chassis that was heavily modified. The three man crew is seated at the front. The troop compartment seats seven troops and is located in what used to be the turret ring. The original engine and drivetrain have been replaced by a smaller model located at the rear left. On the right side of the engine there is a crew hatch.

Firepower

The Achzarit is fitted with a Rafael overhead weapon system which is armed with a 7.62mm MAG machine gun or 12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun. Additionally two or three 7.62mm MAG machine guns are pintle mounted.

Protection

The original armour package of the T-55 tank chassis remains unchanged, but is supplemented by spaced armour. This provides all round protection against common RPG-7 rocket launcher warheads and autocannon rounds. Reportedly the frontal armour is able to withstand 125mm tank gun rounds. If true, these are likely older types of 125mm rounds.

Mobility

The tracked chassis provides good off road mobility. The original engine was replaced by a smaller Detroit Diesel 650 hp turbocharged diesel engine. The Achzarit was considered underpowered and unable to keep up with Merkava tanks. A Mk 2 model with more powerful 850 hp turbocharged diesel remedies this shortcoming.

Users

The Achzarit was produced for the Israel Defence Forces and has not been exported. It remains in use today, but is to be supplemented and replaced in the near future by the Namer.

Variants

Achzarit

Achzarit Mk 1: Original production model, fitted with 650 hp engine.
Achzarit Mk 2: Late production model, fitted with 850 hp engine.

TypeMechanized infantry combat vehicle
Crew3 + 7 (commander, driver, gunner, 7 troops)
Length6.3 m
Width3.6 m
Height2 m (hull roof)
Ground clearance0.4 m
Weight44 t combat load
Ground pressure1.0 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, idler front, drive sprocket rear, 3.84 m length, 0.58 m width, 2.64 m track
Turn radiusSkid turns
EngineDetroit Diesel 8V-71TA turbocharged diesel, 650 hp
Power ratio?
Transmission?
Speed55 km/h on road
Fuel?
Range500 km
Wall0.8 m
Trench2.7 m
Gradient60% gradient, 40% slope
Fording1.4 m
ArmorSteel, spaced armour
NBC equipmentYes
Night vision?
SmokeYes
Remarks-
Armament7.62mm MAG machine gun (3x)
Weapon17.62mm MAG machine gun in Rafael OWS
4.000 rounds in total, 200 rounds ready to fire
powered traverse and elevation
Weapon27.62mm MAG machine gun on pintle mount (2x)
4.000 rounds in total, 100 rounds ready to fire
manual traverse and elevation
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-
TypeMechanized infantry combat vehicle
Crew3 + 7 (commander, driver, gunner, 7 troops)
Length6.3 m
Width3.6 m
Height2 m (hull roof)
Ground clearance0.4 m
Weight44 t combat load
Ground pressure1.0 kg/cm2
WheelbaseTracked chassis, 5 roadwheels, idler front, drive sprocket rear, 3.84 m length, 0.58 m width, 2.64 m track
Turn radiusSkid turns
EngineDetroit Diesel 8V-92TA turbocharged diesel, 850 hp
Power ratio?
Transmission?
Speed55 km/h on road
Fuel?
Range?
Wall0.8 m
Trench2.7 m
Gradient60% gradient, 40% slope
Fording1.4 m
ArmorSteel, spaced armour
NBC equipmentYes
Night vision?
SmokeYes
Remarks-
Armament12.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun
7.62mm MAG machine gun (2x)
Weapon112.7mm M2HB heavy machine gun in Rafael OWS
1.000 rounds in total, 100 rounds ready to fire
powered traverse and elevation
Weapon27.62mm MAG machine gun on pintle mount (2x)
2.000 rounds in total, 100 rounds ready to fire
manual traverse and elevation
Weapon3-
Weapon4-
Weapon5-
Weapon6-

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